Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira

Последняя версия опубликована Universidade dos Açores Oct 15, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent research project (MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twelve 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Madeira Island, five dry plots in Madeira Island and five dry plots in Porto Santo Island to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Madeira archipelago, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Of the 87 species and 18 morphospecies (undescribed) collected, 34 were endemic, 26 native non-endemic, 22 introduced and 23 species of unknown origin. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, 21 species are new records for Madeira island and 32 new for Porto Santo (33 for the whole archipelago).

Записи данных

Данные этого sampling event ресурса были опубликованы в виде Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), который является стандартным форматом для обмена данными о биоразнообразии в виде набора из одной или нескольких таблиц. Основная таблица данных содержит 562 записей. Также в наличии 1 таблиц с данными расширений. Записи расширений содержат дополнительную информацию об основной записи. Число записей в каждой таблице данных расширения показано ниже.

  • Event (core)
    562
  • Occurrence 
    3281

Данный экземпляр IPT архивирует данные и таким образом служит хранилищем (репозиторием) данных. Данные и метаданные ресурсов доступны для скачивания в разделе Загрузки. Перечень версий служит для отображения истории публикации версий данного ресурса.

Загрузки

Скачайте последнюю версию данных этого ресурса в формате Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) или метаданных ресурса в форматах EML или RTF:

Данные в формате DwC-A Скачать 562 Записи в English (143 KB) - Частота обновления: unknown
Метаданные в формате EML Скачать в English (20 KB)
Метаданные в формате RTF Скачать в English (16 KB)

Версии

В таблице ниже указаны только опубликованные версии ресурса, которые доступны для свободного скачивания.

Как оформить ссылку

Исследователи должны дать ссылку на эту работу следующим образом:

Malumbres-Olarte J, Boieiro M, Cardoso P, Carvalho R, Carlos Crespo L, Gabriel R, Macías Hernández N, S. Paulo O, Pereira F, Rego C, Silva I, Rigal F, Ros-Prieto A, Borges P A (2019): Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira. v1.7. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira&v=1.7

Права

Исследователи должны соблюдать следующие права:

Публикующей организацией и владельцем прав на данную работу является Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Регистрация в GBIF

Этот ресурс был зарегистрирован в GBIF, ему был присвоен следующий UUID: 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076.  Universidade dos Açores отвечает за публикацию этого ресурса, и зарегистрирован в GBIF как издатель данных при оподдержке GBIF Portugal.

Ключевые слова

Arthropoda; Araneae; Madeira; Porto Santo; native forest; dry habitat; exotic species; standardised sampling

Контакты

Кто является создателем ресурса:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Mário Boieiro
Reseracher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Pedro Cardoso
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Luís Carlos Crespo
Researcher
University of Barcelona Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, University of Barcelona Barcelona ES
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Núria Macías Hernández
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Octávio S. Paulo
Researcher
University of Lisbon Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisboa P-1749-016 Lisboa Lisboa PT
Fernando Pereira
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Carla Rego
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Isamberto Silva
Researcher
Instituto das Florestas e da Conservação da Natureza Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050-251 Funchal Madeira PT
François Rigal
Researcher
CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour UMR 5254, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex Pau FR
Alejandra Ros-Prieto
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo
Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Кто может ответить на вопросы о ресурсе:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Кем заполнены метаданные:

Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Кто еще связан с данным ресурсом:

User
Tainan Messina

Географический охват

General spatial coverage: Madeira and Porto Santo, Macaronesia, Portugal

Ограничивающие координаты Юг Запад [-90, -180], Север Восток [90, 180]

Таксономический охват

Описание отсутсвует

Kingdom  Animalia

Описание отсутсвует

Class  Arachnida

Данные проекта

Описание отсутсвует

Название Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: Madeira.
Финансирование This research was supported by the project FCT MACDIV financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – ref. FCT-PTDC/BIABIC/0054/2014, that also supported the Open Access of the manuscript.
Описание района исследования Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
Описание плана выполнения исследований At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Исполнители проекта:

Paul Borges

Методы сбора

We applied two versions of the optimised and standardised COBRA protocol (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) (Cardoso 2009), the one for temperate forests and the one for open habitats, to forest and dry habitat plots, respectively. The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Охват исследования We established twenty-two 50 m x 50 m plots grouped according to habitat and between-plot distances. Twelve plots were located in areas covered with laurisilva, and grouped in two sets of six. Within each set, plots were placed at increasing distances from a first, reference plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km (Fig. 1). The remaining 10 plots were located in areas of open dry habitat, five on Madeira island and five on Porto Santo, also at increasing distances (0.1, 1, 5 and 10 km). This design allowed to test distance decay patterns on beta diversity in a log scale for the MACDIV project.

Описание этапа методики:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 562 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 3281 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Данные коллекции

Название коллекции DTP
Идентификатор коллекции DTP
Методы сохранения образцов Alcohol

Дополнительные метаданные

Альтернативные идентификаторы 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira