Sampling event

Biodiversity data of ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of the Azores archipelago (Portugal)

Version 1.4 published by Universidade dos Açores on 12 October 2021 Universidade dos Açores
A recent review study from 2021 presents a comprehensive checklist of ladybirds of Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira Archipelagos. Until then, the available information was very scattered and based on a single revision dating back to 1986, a few international catalogues and databases, individual records, and studies on communities of agroecosystems. However, no information is available on faunal composition across the Azorean islands and their habitats, using standardized inventory. Here, we present data about biodiversity of ladybirds and their distribution and abundance in five Islands of the Azores (São Miguel, Graciosa, Faial, Pico, and S. Jorge). Surveys included herbaceous and arboreal habitats from native to anthropogenic managed habitats: ruderal road vegetation, vegetable... More
Publication date:
12 October 2021
License:
CC-BY-NC 4.0

Description

A recent review study from 2021 presents a comprehensive checklist of ladybirds of Portugal, including the Azores and Madeira Archipelagos. Until then, the available information was very scattered and based on a single revision dating back to 1986, a few international catalogues and databases, individual records, and studies on communities of agroecosystems. However, no information is available on faunal composition across the Azorean islands and their habitats, using standardized inventory. Here, we present data about biodiversity of ladybirds and their distribution and abundance in five Islands of the Azores (São Miguel, Graciosa, Faial, Pico, and S. Jorge). Surveys included herbaceous and arboreal habitats from native to anthropogenic managed habitats: ruderal road vegetation, vegetable garden, mixed forest of endemic and non-native habitats, costal prairies, costal mixed vegetation, cornfields, urban areas, and evergreen of endemic and exotic forest. We aimed to contribute to the ongoing effort to document the terrestrial biodiversity of Portugal, including the archipelago of the Azores, within the research project AZORESBIOPORTAL–PORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072).

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 98 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    98
  • Occurrence 
    218

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 98 records in English (20 kB)  - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (19 kB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (13 kB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Please be aware, this is an old version of the dataset.  Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Soares A O, Borges I, Calado H, Borges P A V (2021): Biodiversity data of ladybeetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of the Azores archipelago (Portugal). v1.4. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=coccinellidae_azores&v=1.4

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 2292e622-129e-4c66-9ad6-fccaa377ff58.  Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Samplingevent; Arthropoda; Ladybirds; Azores; São Miguel; Graciosa; Faial; Pico; and S. Jorge

Contacts

Who created the resource:

António O. Soares
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
http://gba.uac.pt/member/antoacutenio-onofre-costa-miranda-soares
Isabel Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
http://gba.uac.pt/member/isabel-marisa-mateus-borges
Hugo Calado
Student
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
+351968933212
Paulo A. V. Borges
Agregated Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze
9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo
Azores
PT
+351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Who can answer questions about the resource:

António O. Soares
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
http://gba.uac.pt/member/antoacutenio-onofre-costa-miranda-soares
Paulo A. V. Borges
Aggregate Pofessor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze
9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo
Azores
PT
+351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Who filled in the metadata:

António O. Soares
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
+351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/antoacutenio-onofre-costa-miranda-soares
Isabel Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua da Mãe de Deus
9500-321 Ponta Delgada
Azores
PT
+351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/isabel-marisa-mateus-borges

Who else was associated with the resource:

Publisher
Paulo A. V. Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental
Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze
9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo
Azores
PT
+351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Geographic Coverage

We focused the inventory on five islands of the Azores, São Miguel, Graciosa, Faial, Pico, and S. Jorge Islands

Bounding Coordinates South West [37.545, -28.894], North East [39.143, -25.071]

Taxonomic Coverage

Insecta, Coleoptera: Coccinellidae

Family  Coccinellidae (Ladybeetles)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2012-04-20 / 2020-07-06

Project Data

We aimed to contribute to characterize the richness and abundance of ladybeetles in several herbaceous and arboreal habitats, from native and anthropogenic managed habitats

Title AZORESBIOPORTAL–PORBIOTA: inventory of ladybeetles of the Azores (Portugal)
Identifier AZORESBIOPORTAL
Funding This study was financed by FEDER in 85% and by Azorean Public funds by 15% through the Operational Programme Azores 2020, under the following projects AZORESBIOPORTAL –PORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072) and under the project ECO -TUTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000081) and by the Official Forestry Services from the Regional Government of the Azores, through the research projects PICA (Utilização de agentes de controlo biológico para o combate a populações de afídeos em plantas endémicas produzidas em viveiro) and PICONIA (Controlo biológico de populações de pragas de plantas endémicas produzidas em viveiro). Isabel Borges was funded by a PhD grant from Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) (POCI 2010).
Study Area Description We focused the inventory on five islands of the Azores, São Miguel, Graciosa, Faial, Pico, and S. Jorge Islands. São Miguel (area: 746.8 km²; elevation: 1103 m), Graciosa (area: 61.2 km²; elevation: 402 m), Faial (area: 173.1 km²; elevation: 1043 m), Pico (area: 447.7 km²; elevation: 2351 m), and S. Jorge (area: 245.8 km²; elevation: 1053 m) are five of the nine islands from the Azores Archipelago. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during winter and autumn seasons. The landscape of the islands is composed by a mosaic of habitats, ranging from herbaceous to arboreal habitats and from native to anthropogenic managed habitats. The surveys were done on ruderal road vegetation, vegetable garden, mixed forest of endemic and non-native habitats, costal prairies, costal mixed vegetation, cornfields, urban areas, and evergreen of endemic and exotic forest.
Design Description The methods used to collect the samples were, sweeping, beating and direct observations. Sampling from the herbaceous plants and canopy up to a height of cca 3 m was standardized by using a standard sweep net (35-cm diameter, 140-cm handle) operated by António O. Soares, Isabel Borges and Hugo R. Calado. Sampling (standardized in terms of the number of person per unit of time) occurred between 09h:00 and 16h:00 on sunny and calm days. Ladybirds’ adults were identified immediately and were released at the site, and Scymnus spp were brought back to laboratory to identification.

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

The methods used to collect the samples were, sweeping, beating and direct observations. Sampling from the herbaceous plants and canopy up to a height of cca 3 m was standardized by using a standard sweep net (35-cm diameter, 140-cm handle) operated by António O. Soares, Isabel Borges and Hugo R. Calado. Sampling (standardized in terms of the number of person per unit of time) occurred between 09h:00 and 16h:00 on sunny and calm days. Ladybirds’ adults were identified immediately and were released at the site, and Scymnus spp were brought back to laboratory to identification.

Study Extent Five Islands of the Azores (Portugal): São Miguel, Graciosa, Faial, Pico, and S. Jorge.
Quality Control All sorted specimens were identified by a taxonomical expert

Method step description:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table (events) contains 99 records and one data table extension also exists (occurrence), with 241 records. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Collection Data

Collection Name Ladybeetles of the Azores
Collection Identifier LADY_AZ
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 2292e622-129e-4c66-9ad6-fccaa377ff58
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=coccinellidae_azores