Marine algal flora of Santa Maria Island, Azores

最新バージョン Universidade dos Açores によって公開 Dec 10, 2020 Universidade dos Açores

Background The algal flora of the Island of Santa Maria (eastern group of the Azores archipelago) has attracted interest of many researchers on numerous past occasions (such as Drouët 1866; Agardh 1870; Trelease 1897; Schmidt 1931; Ardré et al. 1974; Fralick & Hehre 1990; Neto et al. 1991; Morton & Britton 2000; Amen et al. 2005; Wallenstein & Neto 2006; Tittley et al. 2009; Wallenstein et al. 2009a, 2010; Botelho et al. 2010; Torres et al. 2010; León-Cisneros et al. 2011; Martins et al. 2014; Micael et al. 2014; Rebelo et al. 2014; Ávila et al. 2015, 2016; Machín-Sánchez et al. 2016; Uchman et al. 2016; Johnson et al. 2017; Parente et al. 2018). Nevertheless, the Island macroalgal flora is not well-known as published information reflects limited collections obtained in short term visits by scientists. To overcome this, a thorough investigation, encompassing collections and presence data recording, was undertaken at both the littoral and sublittoral levels down to a depth of approximately 40 m, covering an area of approximately 64 km. The resultant taxonomic records are listed in the present paper which also provides information on species ecology and occurrence around the Island, improving, thereby, the knowledge of the Azorean macroalgal flora at both local and regional scales.

New information A total of 2329 specimens (including some taxa identified only to genus level) belonging to 261 taxa of macroalgae are registered, comprising 152 Rhodophyta, 43 Chlorophyta and 66 Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae). Of these, 176 were identified to species level (103 Rhodophyta, 29 Chlorophyta and 44 Ochrophyta), encompassing 52 new records for the Island (30 Rhodophyta, 9 Chlorophyta and 13 Ochrophyta), 2 Macaronesian endemisms (Laurencia viridis Gil-Rodríguez & Haroun; and Millerella tinerfensis (Seoane-Camba) S.M.Boo & J.M.Rico), 11 introduced (the Rhodophyta Acrothamnion preissii (Sonder) E.M.Wollaston, Antithamnion hubbsii E.Y.Dawson, Asparagopsis armata Harvey, Asparagopsis armata Harvey phase Falkenbergia rufolanosa (Harvey) F.Schmitz, Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, Scinaia acuta M.J.Wynne and Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg; the Chlorophyta Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Suringar) Hariot; and the Ochrophyta Hydroclathrus tilesii (Endlicher) Santiañez & M.J.Wynne, and Papenfussiella kuromo (Yendo) Inagaki), and 19 species of uncertain status (11 Rhodophyta, 3 Chlorophyta and 5 Ochrophyta).

Introduction The marine algal flora of the isolated mid-Atlantic Azores archipelago is considered cosmopolitan, with species shared with Macaronesia, North Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Europe and America (Tittley 2003, Tittley & Neto 2006, Wallenstein et al. 2009b), and relatively rich when compared to that of other remote oceanic Islands (Neto et al. 2005, Tittley & Neto 2005, Wallenstein et al. 2009b). A recent publication by Freitas et al. (2019) list around 400 species of marine macroalgae to the Azores and, in a comparison with other mid-Atlantic archipelagos, reports that the Canary Islands, with 689 species, are by far the most diverse archipelago, followed by the Azores (405), Madeira (396), Cabo Verde (333) and the Selvagens (295 species). Those authors, based on extensive analysis encompassing data on coastal fishes, brachyurans, polychaetes, gastropods echinoderms and macroalgae, suggested that the Azores should be a biogeographical entity of its own and proposed a redefinition of the Lusitanian biogeographical province, in which they consider four ecoregions: the South European Atlantic Shelf, the Saharan Upwelling, the Azores ecoregion, and a new ecoregion they named Webbnesia, which comprises the archipelagos of Madeira, Selvagens and the Canary Islands. It is worth considering that the paper by Freitas et al. (2019) reflects data from only a few of the nine Islands, since not all of them have been thoroughly investigated. São Miguel, with a total number of algal species of 260 at the moment, is the Island with the largest amount of research dedicated to the subject. To overcome this, provide a better understanding of the archipelago’s seaweed flora, research has been conducted over the past three decades on all the Islands. Data on the Islands of Corvo and Flores, Graciosa, Pico, and Terceira is already available on the recently published papers by Neto et al. (2020 a, b, c, d). The present paper presents both physical and occurrence data, and information gathered from macroalgae surveys undertaken on Santa Maria Island mainly by the Island Aquatic Research Group of the Azorean Biodiversity Centre of the University of the Azores (Link: https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/sub-team/island-aquatic-ecology) the BIOISLE, Biodiversity and Islands Research Group of CIBIO-Açores at the University of the Azores (Link: https://cibio.up.pt/research-groups-1/details/bioisle), and the OKEANOS Centre of the University of the Azores (Link: http://www.okeanos.uac.pt). In these surveys particular attention was given to the small filamentous and thin sheet like forms that are often short-lived and fast-growing, and usually very difficult to identify in the wild, without the aid of a microscope and specialised literature in the laboratory. The paper aims to provide a valuable marine biological tool for research on systematics, diversity and conservation, biological monitoring, climate change and ecology for academics, students, government, private organizations and the general public.

Purpose: In this paper we present taxonomic records of macroalgae for Santa Maria and provide general information on their occurrence and distribution. By doing this, we are contributing to address several biodiversity shortfalls (see Cardoso et al. 2011, Hortal et al. 2015), namely the need to catalogue the Azorean macroalgae (Linnean shortfall) and improve the current information on their local and regional geographic distribution (Wallacean shortfall), as well as on species abundance and dynamics in space (Prestonian shortfall).

データ レコード

この sampling event リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、139 レコードが含まれています。 拡張データ テーブルは1 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

  • Event (コア)
    139
  • Occurrence 
    2329

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 139 レコード English で (139 KB) - 更新頻度: as needed
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (83 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (63 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Neto A I, Parente M I, Cacabelos E, Costa A C, Botelho A, Ballesteros E, Monteiro S, Resendes R, Afonso P, Prestes A C L, Patarra R F, Álvaro N V, Milla-Figueras D, Neto R M A, Azevedo J M N, Moreu I (2020): Marine algal flora of Santa Maria Island, Azores. v1.3. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=santa_maria_macroalgal_flora&v=1.3

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Universidade dos Açores。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 38c70a82-c6e3-4ef4-89f4-a37455c6f73aが割り当てられています。   GBIF Portugal によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているUniversidade dos Açores が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Macroalgae; Azores; Santa Maria Island; new records; endemism; native; uncertain; introduced; occurrence data; Samplingevent; Samplingevent

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
Manuela I Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso
Eva Cacabelos
Postdoctoral fellow
MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI) Edif. Madeira Tecnopolo, Piso 2, Caminho da Penteada 9020-105 Funchal Madeira PT +351910354122
https://www.mare-centre.pt/pt/user/7945
Ana Cristina Costa
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/arcosta
Andrea Botelho
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/azbotelho
Enric Ballesteros
Researcher
Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes-CSIC Acc. Cala Sant Francesc 14 17320 Blanes Girona ES +34972336101
http://www.ceab.csic.es/es/persona/ballesteros-sagarra-kike/
Sandra Monteiro
Research Technician
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/smonteiro
Roberto Resendes
Curator at the AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000, ext. 1731
Pedro Afonso
Senior Researcher
IMAR/Okeanos – University of the Azores Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado 9901-862 Horta Faial, Açores PT
http://www.okeanos.uac.pt/equipa
Afonso C. L. Prestes
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/afonsoprestes
Rita F. Patarra
Project manager and Science Communicator
Expolab - Ciência Viva Science Centre Avenida da Ciência - Beta, n.º 8 9560-421 Lagoa São Miguel, Açores PT
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaritapatarra
Nuno Vaz Álvaro
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, CCMMG (Centro do Clima Meteorologia e Mudanças Globais), IITA-A (Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologias Agrárias e do Ambiente) Campus de Angra do Heroísmo Rua Capitão João d’Ávlia – Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Terceira, Açores PT
http://cita.angra.uac.pt/clima/equipa/ver.php?id=245
David Milla-Figueras
Collaborator
IMAR/Okeanos – University of the Azores Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado 9901-862 Horta Faial, Açores PT
Raul M. A. Neto
Bachelor in Biology
José M. N. Azevedo
Auxiliary professor and Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/jose-manuel-viegas-de-oliveira-neto-azevedo
Ignacio Moreu
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/Ignacio_Moreu_Badia

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto

メタデータを記載した人:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
Ignacio Moreu
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/Ignacio_Moreu_Badia
Manuela I. Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso

他に、リソースに関連付けられていた人:

論文著者
Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
論文著者
Ignacio Moreu
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/Ignacio_Moreu_Badia
論文著者
Manuela I. Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso

地理的範囲

Santa Maria Island Description: Azores, Portugal (approximately 37°1'19''N, -25°11'24''W); Coordinates: 37.022 N and 36.918 S Latitude; -25.190 W and -25.009 E Longitude

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [36.92, -25.19], 北 東 [37.021, -25.009]

生物分類学的範囲

All macroalgae were identified to genus or species level. In total, 261 taxa were identified belonging to 28 orders and 60 families, distributed by the phyla Rhodophyta (14 orders and 34 families), Chlorophyta (5 orders and 9 families), and Ochrophyta (9 orders and 17 families).

Phylum  Rhodophyta (Red algae),  Chlorophyta (Green algae),  Ochrophyta (Brown algae)

時間的範囲

生息期間 1989 - 2019

プロジェクトデータ

Aimed at improving the knowledge of the macroalgae flora of the eastern islands of the Azores archipelago, extensive observations were made in the period between 1989 and 2019, encompassing both collections and presence data recordings, and covering the littoral and sublittoral levels down to approximately 40 m around the islands. This paper lists the taxonomic records and provides information on each species’ ecology and occurrence in the islands’ littoral.

タイトル Marine algal flora of Santa Maria Island, Azores
識別子 Macroalgal flora of Santa Maria Island (Azores)
ファンデイング This study was mainly financed by the following projects/scientific expeditions: • Projects: o CAJFQ – “Characterization of the algal component of quaternary fossil deposits”, integrated in the project “Macaronésia 2000”, funded by the Autonomous Organism of Museums and Centers of Tenerife, Canary Islands (1999-2004); o PARQMAR – “Characterization, Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas in Macaronesia - The cases of the Eco-Marine Park of Funchal (Madeira), Gran Canaria and Tenerife (Canary Islands) and Santa Maria (Azores)”, funded by INTERREG III B 2000 Community Initiative Program -2006, Azores-Madeira-Canary Islands. 03/ MAC/ 4.2/ M9 (2004-2006); o RRASMA – “Removal of abandoned fishing nets off the island of Santa Maria”, funded by the Regional Government of the Azores, Environment Delegation of Santa Maria Island (2005-2007); o RCGO - “Coastal Waste of the Eastern Group (São Miguel and Santa Maria Islands; Formigas Islets): inventory, catalog, raise awareness”, funded by QUERCUS (2006); o CAMAG/ORI – “Characterization of coastal water bodies on the islands of Santa Maria and São Miguel”, funded by the Regional Government of the Azores, Regional Secretariat for the Environment and the Sea, Regional Directorate for Planning and Water Resources (2008-2012); o LAUMACAT - “Diversity and phylogenetic relationships on the benthic marine algae with pharmacological potential: the Laurencia complex (Rhodophyta) in Macaronesian archipelagos, tropical and subtropical Atlantic”, funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Dirección General de Investigación y Gestión del Plan Nacional de R+D+i, Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación, Gobierno de España (2010 to 2013) and by the São Paulo State Research Support Foundation (FAPESP), Brazil, Proc. 2014 / 00012-1 (2013 a 2016); o ASMAS - Açores: Stop-over for Marine Alien Species?” Government of the Azores - Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology (M2.1.2/I/032/2011). 2012 – 2016; o PIMA – “Elaboration of the implementation program of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive - Marine Invasion Program in the Azores” (3/DRAM /2015). Government of the Azores - Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology, Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs (GRA /SRMCT-DRAM), 2015; o BALA – “Elaboration of the implementation program of the marine strategy framework directive - biodiversity of the coastal environments of the Azores” (2 /DRAM /2015). Government of the Azores - Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology, Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs (GRA /SRMCT-DRAM), 2015; o “ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072 - AZORES BIOPORTAL – PORBIOTA. Operational Programme Azores 2020 (85% ERDF and 15% regional funds); • Scientific Expeditions and campaigns: o “SANTA MARIA E FORMIGAS/90”, organized by the Biology Department of the University of the Azores, Santa Maria Island, Azores, June 1990; o “Fossil deposits of Prainha and Lagoinhas” under the project CAJFQ- Macaronésia 2001 o “Santa Maria 2002”, under the workshop "Marine Fossils of the Azores: Perspectives for the future", 2002; o “Santa Maria 2005”, under the project PARQMAR, 2005; o “Santa Maria Island (Azores) 2009”, organized by the Biology Department of the University of the Azores 2009; o “Laurencia/2011”, under the project LAUMACAT, 2011; o “Waitt Foundation”, under the projects BALA and PIMA, 2016; o “BALA/PIMA”, under the projects BALA and PIMA, 2018; o “PORBIOTA/2019” under the project ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072 - AZORES BIOPORTAL – PORBIOTA, 2019; • Other funds: o Portuguese National Funds, through FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, within the projects UID/BIA/00329/2013, 2015-2019, UID/BIA/00329/2020-2023 and UID/BIA/50027/2019, UID/BIA/50027/2013-2020 and POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006821; o ERDF funds through the Operational Programme for Competitiveness Factors – COMPETE; o Portuguese Regional Funds, through DRCT - Regional Directorate for Science and Technology, within several projects, 2019 and 2020 and SRMCT /DRAM - Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology, Regional Directorate for Sea Affairs; o CIRN/DB/UAc (Research Centre for Natural Resources, Universidade dos Açores, Departamento de Biologia); o CIIMAR (Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, Porto, Portugal).
Study Area Description Isolated in the mid-Atlantic Ocean and emerging from the Azores Plateau and located above an active triple junction between three of the world's large tectonic plates (the North American Plate, the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, Hildenbrand et al. 2014), the Azores archipelago (38°43′49″N, 27°19′10″W) comprises comprising nine Islands and several islets spread over 500 km, in a WNW direction. The Island of Santa Maria, with approximately 97 km², is the easternmost one of the archipelago (37°1'1''N, 25°11'6''W), located at approximately 430 km east of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge within the boundary that divides the Eurasian and African Plates (Hildenbrand et al. 2014). There are no indications of recent volcanism and the last eruptions occurred during the Upper Pliocene. It is the only Island of the archipelago where marine fossiliferous deposits are known, which have been studied since the 19th century (see, for example, Amen et al. 2005; Neto et al. 2008b; Rebelo et al. 2014; Ávila et al. 2015, 2016; Uchman et al. 2016). The Island exhibits two distinct morphological areas: a flatten western part with extensive wave-cut platforms reaching altitudes of 250 m above sea level, and a more irregular eastern part, with the highest point over 450 m (Neto et al. 2008b). The climate is characterized by regular rainfall, medium levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons (Morton et al. 1998). Fog can occur at the higher elevations. As in the remaining Azorean Islands, the tidal range is small (<2 m, see Instituto Hidrográfico 1981), the coastal extension is restricted, with deep waters occurring within a few kilometres offshore, and coasts are subjected to swell and surge most of the year. The Islands’ coastline is approximately 63 km long and the coastal typology results from the effect of the maritime agitation, responsible for the predominance of erosive morphologies and from the Islands’ antiquity and the fact that it has been frequently submerged. As a consequence, several agglomerations of marine sedimentary rocks occur (e.g. marine conglomerates, fossiliferous calcarenites and arenites) distributed through cliffs and headlands, providing a special geological value to this island that is not present elsewhere in the archipelago (Neto et al. 2008b). The north and east coasts are characterized by discontinuous and mixed geological forms, with abrupt headlands between which lengths of large boulder and cobbles occur. At São Lourenço high cliffs give rise to narrow high-tide platforms, and low headlands generally less than 10m high, that allow the establishment of cobble beaches and marine deposition that creates the local sandy beach. The northwest coastline of the Island is characterized by the occurrence of marine deposition and agglomerations of small cobbles, while the northeast coast is sculpted by plunging cliffs. Boulders and cobbles are commonly present. The west and south coasts of the Island present a geological typology with predominantly steep slopes, characterized by the occurrence of plunging cliffs that vary in height, abrupt headland segments and occasional high-tide platforms covered by boulders and cobbles. Praia Formosa has a different configuration with a smooth typology that facilitates seasonal marine deposition processes that alternate between a sandy beach in summer and a cobble beach during the rest of the year (Neto et al. 2008b). Along the coastline of the Island, the bottom is dominated by irregular rocky beds, with compact bedrock dominating over boulder and cobble ones. Only two sand basins occur, Praia Formosa (south coast) and São Lourenço on the east coast (Neto et al. 2008b). On both beaches bedrock patches emerge from the sediment bed. This mixed substrate is common to several other places around Santa Maria, at variable depths down to 30 m (e.g. Baía do Salto de Cães and Ilhéu das Lagoinhas on the north coast, Baía do Aveiro and Baía da Maia on the east coast). Shore slope and topography show substantial variation along the shoreline. Western and northern shores are usually flatter, with depths of 30 m occurring about 500 m offshore. Eastern shores are steeper: depths of 30 m can be reached less than 200 m away from the coast. Southern shores are intermediate in this respect. The area that comprises the Praia Formosa presents a slope that is similar to that of the north side of the Island, while the area between Ponta da Malbusca and Ponta do Castelo is steeper. Submerged or semi-submerged caves, arches and tunnels of small amplitude and reduced length are common. As depth increases, the slope decreases, although the bottom is still rocky and uneven. The sediment floor covering the deepest areas is stable, generally composed of medium and /or coarse sand (Neto et al. 2008c). Along the coastline, natural sheltered habitats (arches and semi-submerged caves, tide pools) create favourable conditions for the growth and the occurrence of a considerable diversity and abundance of macroinvertebrates (Neto et al. 2008a, c) and pelagic and benthic coastal fish (Azevedo et al. 2008). As on the other islands of the archipelago, intertidal communities of Santa Maria Island are primarily dominated by algal vegetation, which exhibits a distribution pattern in mosaic and /or bands, with a predominance of algal turfs, covering the rocks as a carpet (Neto et al. 2008b). This turf growing form is a taxonomically complex mixture of small algae and developmental forms of large algae, in which the thalli intertwine and reattach to one another and are adapted for vegetative spread using such multiple attachments to the substratum and adjacent thalli for anchorage (Wallenstein et al. 2009a). The compact mat retains water and provides a suitable habitat for admixed algae and other organisms. A very distinct horizontal pattern of species occurrence characterises the Azorean intertidal shores. In Santa Maria Island three major zones are commonly found (Neto et al. 2008b): the uppermost is dominated by littorinids; the mid-level zone is characterised by chthamalid barnacles, sometimes limpets and dominated by algal turf; and the lowest zone, representing the transition to the sublittoral fringe, is characterized by various species of frondose algae growing in bands (e.g. the Macaronesian endemism Laurencia viridis), as epiphytes or forming patches among and over turf species (e.g. Ellisolandia elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) K.R.Hind & G.W.Saunders). The mid-shore level zone on bedrock or boulder shores sometimes exhibits patches of the brown alga Fucus spiralis Linnaeus and the red agarophyte Gelidium microdon Kützing, and/or the occasional occurrence of the red algae Porphyra/ Pyropia and/ or Nemalion elminthoides (Velley) Batters, this later commonly growing in patches with the brown crust Nemoderma tingitanum Schousboe ex Bornet. In Spring and Summer, considerable amounts of the introduced red alga Asparagopsis armata Harvey can be seen at the lower intertidal level. Important features and habitats at the shore level are rock pools, occurring in different shapes and sizes and often recreating a shallow subtidal habitat which contain a rich diversity of marine life (Neto et al. 2008a). There is a gradient in the proportion of different algal groups in pools at different shore levels. Green algae dominate upper shore while red and brown algae dominate rock pools lower on the shore. Similarly, faunal diversity in rock pools is greater at lower intertidal levels. Species diversity and richness are lower in upper shore rock-pools where climatic conditions are more stressful (Neto et al. 2008a). The rocky bottoms in the submerged zone are covered by more frondose macrophytes (Neto et al. 2008c) such as the brown algae Dictyota spp., Halopteris filicina (Grateloup) Kützing, Halopteris scoparia (Linnaeus) Sauvageau, and Zonaria tournefortii (J. V. Lamouroux) Montagne; and the red species Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon and Sphaerococcus coronopifolius Stackhouse. The brown species Padina pavonica (Linnaeus) Thivy can be locally common. At this level, the edible barnacles Megabalanus azoricus (Pilsbry, 1916) and/or the limpets Patella aspera Röding, 1798 are concentrated in the first meters. Other conspicuous invertebrates are the octopus Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797, the fan worm Sabella spallanzanii (Gmelin, 1791), the sea urchins Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) and Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758), and the sea stars Marthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) and Ophidiaster ophidianus (Lamarck, 1816) (Neto et al. 2008c). Frequent fish species at this level are the blue wrasse Symphodus caeruleus (Azevedo, 1999) or the ornate wrasse Thalassoma pavo (Linnaeus, 1758) in shallow rocky areas, the morays, Muraena helena Linnaeus, 1758, or the forkbeards Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766) mainly in crevices during the day. The parrotfish Sparisoma cretense (Linnaeus, 1758), the salemas Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758) and the white sea bream Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) roam among rocky reefs (Azevedo et al. 2008).
研究の意図、目的、背景など(デザイン) The sampling referred to in this paper was performed across littoral and sublittoral levels down to approximately 40 m on the Island of Santa Maria. Each sampling location was visited several times and on each occasion a careful and extensive survey was undertaken to provide a good coverage of the area. Both physical collections and presence recording were made by walking over the intertidal shores during low tides or by SCUBA diving. The specimens collected were taken to the laboratory for identification and preservation and the resulting vouchers were deposited at the AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha and the LSM- Molecular Systematics Laboratory at the Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores.

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

データ提供者
Ana Isabel Neto
データ提供者
Abel Sentiés
データ提供者
Afonso C. L. Prestes
データ提供者
Ana C. Costa
データ提供者
André Amaral
データ提供者
Andrea Cunha
データ提供者
Andrea Z. Botelho
データ提供者
Camille Fontaine
データ提供者
Catarina Santos
データ提供者
Cláudia Lopes
データ提供者
Daniela Gabriel
データ提供者
David Milla-Figueras
データ提供者
Dinis Geraldes
データ提供者
Edgar Rosas-Alquicira
データ提供者
Edward Hehre
データ提供者
Emanuel Xavier
データ提供者
Enric Ballesteros
データ提供者
Eunice Nogueira
データ提供者
Eva Cacabelos
データ提供者
Francisco Wallenstein
データ提供者
Heather Baldwin
データ提供者
Joana Michael
データ提供者
Joana Pombo
データ提供者
João Brum
データ提供者
João Ferreira
データ提供者
João Monteiro
データ提供者
José Baptista
データ提供者
José M. N. Azevedo
データ提供者
Linda Beiroldi
データ提供者
Luís Resendes
データ提供者
Marco Enoch
データ提供者
Manuela I. Parente
データ提供者
Maria Machín-Sánchez
データ提供者
Marlene Terra
データ提供者
Mutue Toyota Fujii
データ提供者
Maria Ana Dionísio
データ提供者
Nuno Vaz Álvaro
データ提供者
Patrícia Madeira
データ提供者
Paulo Torres
データ提供者
Pedro Monteiro
データ提供者
Raquel Torres
データ提供者
Ricardo Cordeiro
データ提供者
Richard Fralick
データ提供者
Rita F. Patarra
データ提供者
Ruben Couto
データ提供者
Rui Sousa
データ提供者
Sandra Monteiro
データ提供者
Sérgio Ávila
データ提供者
Tarso Costa
データ提供者
Tito Silva
データ提供者
Valeria Cassano
データ提供者
Viegas Pinto
データ提供者
Maria Manuel

収集方法

Sampling involved specimen collecting and species presence recording. For the former, at each location samples were obtained by scraping and/ or manually collecting one or two specimens of all different species found into labelled bags. Species recording data was gathered by registering all species present in the sampled locations visited. Intertidal collections were made during low tide by walking over the shores. Subtidal collections were made by SCUBA diving around the area.

Study Extent The present paper includes sampling performed on a relatively large area, of approximately 64 km, covering littoral and sublittoral levels down to approximately 40 m around the Island.
Quality Control Each sampled taxon was identified by trained taxonomists and involved morphological and anatomical observations of whole specimens by eye, and/or of histological preparations under microscopes to determine the main diagnostic features of each species as described in the literature.

Method step description:

  1. At the laboratory standard procedures were followed in specimens sorting and macroalgae identification. A combination of morphological and anatomical characters and reproductive structures was used for species identification. For small and simple thalli, this required the observation of the entire thallus with the naked eye and/or using dissecting and compound microscopes. For larger and more complex algae, investigation of the thallus anatomy required histological preparations (longitudinal and transverse sections) or squashed preparations of mucilaginous thalli, sometimes after staining, to observe vegetative and reproductive structures and other diagnostic features. The Azorean algal flora has components from several geographical regions which causes difficulties in species identification. Floras and keys for the North Atlantic, Tropical Atlantic and Western Mediterranean were used (e.g. Schmidt 1931, Taylor 1967, 1978, Levring 1974, Dixon & Irvine 1977, Lawson & John 1982, Irvine 1983, Gayral & Cosson 1986, Fletcher 1987, Afonso-Carrillo & Sansón 1989, Burrows 1991, Boudouresque et al. 1992, Cabioc'h et al. 1992, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Brodie et al. 2007, Lloréns et al. 2012 and Rodríguez-Prieto et al. 2013). For more critical and taxonomically difficult taxa, specimens were taken to the Natural History Museum (London) for comparison with collections there. A reference collection was made for all collected specimens by assigning them an herbarium code number and depositing them at the AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha and the LSM- Molecular Systematics Laboratory, University of Azores. Depending on the species and on planned further research, different types of collections were made, namely (i) wet collections using 5% buffered formaldehyde seawater and then replacing it by the fixing agent Kew (Bridsen & Forman 1999); (ii) dried collections, either by pressing the algae (most species) as described by Gayral and Cosson (1986), or by letting them air dry (calcareous species); and (iii) silica gel collections for molecular study. Nomenclatural and taxonomic status used here follow Algaebase (Guiry & Guiry, 2020). The database was organized on FileMaker Pro.

コレクションデータ

コレクション名 AZB | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Expedition Santa Maria and Formigas/90
コレクション識別子 81c64926-4d75-429d-b21f-f7cd93e30504
Parent Collection Identifier AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 AZB | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Project LAUMACAT
コレクション識別子 100ab0f2-7f8b-4eb6-a5f5-6257d32003a5
Parent Collection Identifier AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 AZB | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Project PARQMAR
コレクション識別子 af962795-47c6-4219-a295-6687a94afeda
Parent Collection Identifier AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 AZB | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Occasional sampling
コレクション識別子 08883948-f896-495f-ab3d-9fe49f23b76c
Parent Collection Identifier AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 LSM | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Department of Biology Expedition 2009
コレクション識別子 865b91e9-1ec6-4bb8-a941-aba2b586071a
Parent Collection Identifier LSM- Molecular Systematics Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 LSM | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Project ASMAS
コレクション識別子 4efe744e-1e38-431c-b112-7fb9f9bf279a
Parent Collection Identifier LSM- Molecular Systematics Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Campaign CAMAG-ORI-SMA/2008
コレクション識別子 6606098f-5fbb-4731-9cfa-b7c8e78c3638
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Project LAUMACAT
コレクション識別子 bae7fc8f-6333-43d4-887b-3e65617df133
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Occasional sampling
コレクション識別子 579bc266-7779-49ea-a775-f44abc2bdad3
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Campaign Waitt Foundation - BALA /PIMA /2016
コレクション識別子 30ed893c-b66d-4c85-8848-10f144a6f957
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-PIMA / 2016
コレクション識別子 852eacdf-977e-44dd-9a52-172a5082a6dd
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Campaign BALA /PIMA /2018
コレクション識別子 22941d45-0678-49fb-bdfe-8b0052ceb298
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Campaign Porbiota/ 2019
コレクション識別子 93e46396-33b2-4dff-b3d1-acff7e76753c
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 LSM | Marine macroalgae collection of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-Occasional sampling
コレクション識別子 77a28947-47d8-420f-b40d-f49e87556090
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
コレクション名 Marine macroalgae occurrence of Santa Maria Island (Azores)-PIMA / 2017
コレクション識別子 b74c3414-e277-4789-8806-27a9abf0f7ee
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
標本保存方法 Dried and pressed,  Dried,  Formalin,  Other

書誌情報の引用

  1. Afonso-Carrillo, J. & Sansón, M., 1989. Clave llustrada para la Determinación de los Macrófitos Marinas Bentónicos de las Islas Canarias [Illustrated key for the determination of the Benthic Marine Macrophytes of the Canary Islands]. Departamento de Biologia Vegetal (Botânica), Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna. 55 pp.
  2. Agardh, J.G., 1870. Om de under Korvetten Josephines expedition, sistliden sommar, insamlade Algerne, ofversigt of Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Forhanlingar, Stockholm, 4: 359-366, 2 Tafl.
  3. Amen, R. G., Neto, A. I., & Azevedo, J., 2005. Coralline-algal framework in the Quaternary of Prainha (Santa Maria island, Azores). Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 63-70.
  4. Ardre. F., Boudouresque, C. -F. & Cabioch, J., 1974-. Symphyocladia marchantioides (Harvey) Falkenberg (Rhodomeniaceae, Ceramiales) aux Açores. Bulletin de la Societé Phycologique de France, 19: 178-182.
  5. Ávila, S. P., Ramalho, R.S., Habermann, J. M., Quartau, R., Kroh, A., Berning, B., Johnson, M., Kirby, M. X., Zanon, V., Titschack, J., Goss, A., Rebelo, A. C., Melo, C., Madeira, P., Cordeiro, R., Meireles, R., Bagaço, L., Hipólito, A., Uchman, A., da Silva, C. M., Cachao, M., Madeira, J., 2015. Palaeoecology, taphonomy, and preservation of a lower Pliocene shell bed (coquina) from a volcanic oceanic island (Santa Maria Island, Azores). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 430: 57-73.
  6. Ávila, S. P., Cachao, M., Ramalho, R.S., Botelho, A. Z., Madeira, P., Rebelo, A. C., Cordeiro, R., Melo, C., Hipólito, A., Ventura, M., Lipps, J. H., 2016. The palaeontological heritage of Santa Maria Island (Azores: NE Atlantic): a re-evaluation of geosites in GeoPark Azores and their use in geotourism. Geoheritage, 8(2): 155-171.
  7. Azevedo J. M. N., Álvaro, N. V. Raposeiro, P., & Neto, A.I., 2008. Guias Costeiros de Santa Maria: Peixes Litorais [Coastal Guides of Santa Maria: Littoral Fish]. ISBN 978-972-99884-6-2 | 978-989-95262-2-8. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar e Câmara Municipal de Vila do Porto, Açores.
  8. Botelho, A. Z., Dionísio, M. A., Cunha, A., Torres, P., Monteiro, S., Geraldes, D. & Costa, A. C., 2010. Contributo para a inventariação da biodiversidade marinha da ilha de Santa Maria. XIV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Santa Maria 2009, Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade dos Açores, 36: 75-87.
  9. Boudouresque, C,-F., Meinesz, A. & Verlaque, M., 1992. Médíterranée. In Boudouresque C-F et al. (Eds.), Guide des Algues des Mers d'Europe, pp: 138-231. Delachaux et Niestlé, Paris.
  10. Bridsen, D. & Forman, L. (Eds), 1999. The Herbarium Handbook. Third Edition. Kew: The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. xii, 334p., ISBN 1-900347-43-1.
  11. Brodie, J., Maggs, C., John, D. M. (Eds.), 2007. The green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. British Phycological Society, XII+242 pp. Dunmurry, Northern Ireland.
  12. Burrows, E. M., 1991. Seaweeds of the British lsles. Vol. 2. Chlorophyta. Natural History Museum, London. XII + 238 pp.
  13. Cabioc'h, J., Floc'h, J. –Y. & Le Toquin, A., 1992. Manche et Atlantique. ln C.-F. Boudouresque, et al. (Eds.), Cuide des Algues des Mers d'Europe, pp: 30-136. Delachaux et Niestlé, Paris.
  14. Cardoso, P., Erwin, T., Borges, P.V. & New. T., 2011 The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biological Conservation 144 (11 ): 2647 2655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.07.024.
  15. Dixon, S. P. & Irvine, L. M., 1977. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. I Rhodophyta. Part 1 Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. XI+252p. British Museum (Natural History) London.
  16. Drouet, H., 1866. Catalogue de la flore des lles Açores précédé de l'itinéraire d'un voyage dans cet Archipel. Mémoires de la Société Académique de l'Aube, 30: 81-233.
  17. Fletcher, R. L., 1987. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. III. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part 1. X+359p. British Museum (Natural History) London.
  18. Fralick, R. A., E. J. Hehre, 1990. Observations on the marine algal flora of the Azores II. An annotated checklist of the Chlorophyta of the Azores. Arquipélago (Life and Earth Sciences) 8:11217.
  19. Freitas, R., Romeiras, M., Silva, L., Cordeiro, R., Madeira, P., González, J.A., Wirtz, P., Falcón, .JM., Brito, A., Floeter, S.R., Afonso, P., Porteiro, F., Viera-Rodríguez, M.A., Neto, A.I., Haroun, R., Farminhão, J.N.M., Rebelo, A.C., Baptista, L., Melo, C.S., Martínez, A., Núñez, J., Berning, B., Johnson, M.E. & Ávila, S.P., 2019. Restructuring of the ‘Macaronesia’ biogeographic unit: A marine multi-taxon biogeographical approach. Scientific Reports, 9, 15792.
  20. Gayral, P. & Cosson, J., 1986. Connaitre et reconnaitre les algues marines. 220p. Ouest France.
  21. Guiry, M. D. & Guiry, G. M., 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on November.
  22. Hildenbrand, A., Weis, D., Madureira, P. & Marques F. O., 2014. Recent plate re-organization at the Azores Triple Junction: Evidence from combined geochemical and geochronological data on Faial, S. Jorge and Terceira volcanic Islands, Lithos, 210–211:27–39.
  23. Hortal, J., de Bello, F., Diniz-Filho, J. A. F., Lewinsohn, T. M., Lobo, J. M. & Ladle, R. J., 2015. Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 46, 523-549, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054400.
  24. Hidrográfico, I (Ed.), 1981. Roteiro do Arquipélago dos Açores. PUB. (N) -lli-128-SN, Lisboa.
  25. Irvine, L. M., 1983. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. I Rhodophyta. Part 2 A Cryptonemiales (sensu stricto), Palmariales, Rhodymeniales. xii+115p. British Museum (Natural History) London.
  26. Irvine, L. M. & Chamberlain, Y. M., 1994. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2B. Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. Natural History Museum, London. VII + 276 pp.
  27. Johnson, M. E., Ledesma-Vázquez, J., Ramalho, R. S., Silva, C. M., Rebelo, A. C., Santos, A., Baarli, B. G., Mayoral, E. & Cachão, M., 2017. Chapter 9. Taphonomic Range and Sedimentary Dynamics of Modern and Fossil Rhodolith Beds: Macaronesian Realm (North Atlantic Ocean), pp: 221-261. In Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Nelson, W. & Aguirre, J. (Eds.). Rhodolith/Maerl Beds: A global Prespective, Coastal Research Library 15, Springer, USA.
  28. Lawson, G. W. & John, D. M., 1982. The marine algae and coastal environment of Tropical West Africa. 455p. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, J. CRAMER, Vaduz
  29. León-Cisneros, K., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Neto, A.I., 2011. A re-evaluation of Scinaia (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in the Azores. Helgol Mar Res. 65:111-121.
  30. Levring, T., 1974. The marine algae of the archipelago of Madeira. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, 28 (125): 5-111
  31. Lloréns, J. L. P., Cabrero, I. H., Lacida, R. B., González, G. P., Murillo, F. G. B. & Oñate, J. J. V., 2012. Flora marina del litoral gaditano. Biologia, ecologia, usos y guía de identificacíon. 368 p. mCN Monografias de Ciencias de la Naturaleza. Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Cadiz, Cadiz
  32. Machín-Sánchez, M., Rousseau, F., Le Gall, L., Cassano, V., Neto, A.I., Sentíes, A., Fujii, M. T. & Gil-Rodríguez, M. C., 2016. Species diversity of the genus Osmundea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in the Macaronesian region. Journal of Phycology, 52: 664-681
  33. Maggs, C. A. & Hommersand, M. H., 1993. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. Natural History Museum, London. xv + 444 pp
  34. Martins, G. M., Faria, J., Furtado, M., Neto, A.I., 2014. Shells of Patella aspera as islands’ for epibionts. J Mar Biol Assoc UK. 94(5):1027-1032
  35. Micael, J., Parente, M. I., Costa, A. C., 2014. Tracking macroalgae introductions in North Atlantic oceanic islands. Helgol Mar Res. 68(2):209-219
  36. Morton, B., & Britton, J. C., 2000. Origins of the Azorean intertidal biota: the significance of introduced species, survivors of chance events. Arquipel Life Mar Sci Suppl, 2(A), 22-51
  37. Morton, B., Britton, J. C., Martins, A. M. F., 1998. Coastal Ecology of the Azores. Sociedade Afonso Chaves, Ponta Delgada. 249pp
  38. Neto, A. I., Baldwin, H. P., Fralick, R. A. & Hehre, E. J., 1991. Algas marinhas do litoral da ilha de Santa Maria. Santa Maria e Formigas/90, Relatório Preliminar. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia,19:27-32
  39. Neto, A. I., Tittley, I. & Raposeiro, P., 2005. Flora Marinha do Litoral dos Açores [Rocky Shore Marine Flora of the Azores]. 156pp., Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar, Açores, ISBN 972 99884 0 4
  40. Neto, A.I., Wallenstein, F. M., Silva, T. P., Álvaro, N. V. & Tittley, I., 2008a. Guias Costeiros de Santa Maria: Poças de Maré [Coastal Guides of Santa Maria: Tide Pools]. ISBN 978-972-99884-7-9 | 978-989-95262-3-5. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar e Câmara Municipal de Vila do Porto, Açores
  41. Neto, A.I., Wallenstein, F. M., Silva, T. P., Álvaro, N. V. & Tittley, I., 2008b. Guias Costeiros de Santa Maria: Zona Entre-Marés [Coastal Guides of Santa Maria: Intertidal Zone]. ISBN 978-972-99884-5-5 | 978-989-95262-1-1. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar e Câmara Municipal de Vila do Porto, Açores
  42. Neto, A.I., Wallenstein, F. M., Álvaro, N. V. & Azevedo J. M. N., 2008c. Guias Costeiros de Santa Maria: Zona Submersa [Coastal Guides of Santa Maria: Subtidal Zone]. ISBN 978-972-99884-88-6 | 978-989-95262-4-2. Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar e Câmara Municipal de Vila do Porto, Açores
  43. Neto A.I., Parente, M. I., Botelho, A. Z., Prestes, A. C. L., Resendes, R., Afonso, C. L.P., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Neto, R. M. A., Tittley, I., Moreu, I., 2020a. Marine algal flora of Graciosa Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e57201. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57201
  44. Neto, A.I., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Tittley, I., Moreu, I., 2020b. Marine algal flora, of Pico Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e57461. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57461
  45. Neto, A.I., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Moreu, I., 2020c. Marine algal (seaweed) flora of Terceira Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57462
  46. Parente, M. I., Gabriel, D., Micael, J., Botelho, A. Z., Ballesteros, E., Milla, D., dos Santos, R. & Costa, A. C., 2018. First report of the invasive macroalga Acrothamnion preissii (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) in the Atlantic Ocean. Botanica marina 61(1): 85-90
  47. Rebelo, A. C., Rasser, M. W., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Neto, A. I. & Ávila, S. P., 2014. Rhodolith forming coralline algae in the Upper Miocene of Santa Maria Island (Azores, NE Atlantic): a critical evaluation. Phytotaxa 190(1): 370-382
  48. Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J., 2013. Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo Occidental. 656 p. Ed. Omega, S.A., Barcelona
  49. Schmidt, O. C., 1931. Die marine vegetation der Azoren in ihren Grundzügen dargestellt. Bibliotheca Botanica, 24(102): IX+116p., 10 Tafl
  50. Taylor, W. R., 1967. Marine algae of the northeastern coasts of North America. VIII+509p. The University of Michigan Press
  51. Taylor, W. R., 1978. Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas. XXI+870p. The University of Michigan Press
  52. Tittley, I., 2003. Seaweed diversity in the North Atlantic Ocean. Arquipélago Life and Marine Sciences, 19A: 13-25
  53. Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 2005. The Marine Algal (Seaweed) Flora of the Azores: additions and amendments. Botanica Marina, 48: 248-255
  54. Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 2006. The marine algal flora of the Azores: Island isolation or Atlantic stepping stones? Occasional papers of the Irish Biogeographical Society 9: 40-54
  55. Tittley, I., Neto, A. I., & Parente, M. I., 2009. The marine algal (seaweed) flora of the Azores: additions and amendments 3. Botanica Marina, 52(1), 7-14
  56. Torres, P., Lopes, C., Dionísio, M. A., & Costa, A. C., 2010. Espécies exóticas invasoras marinhas da ilha de Santa Maria, Açores. XIV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Santa Maria 2009, Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade dos Açores, 36: 103-11
  57. Trelease, W., 1897. Botanical observations on the Azores. 8th Annual Report of the Michigan Botanical Garden: 77-220, pl: 12-16
  58. Uchman A, Johnson, M. E., Rebelo, A. C., Melo, A. C., Cordeiro, R., Ramalho, R.S., Ávila, S. P., 2016. Vertically-oriented trace fossil Macaronichnus segregatis from Neogene of Santa Maria Island (Azores; NE Atlantic) records vertical fluctuations of the coastal groundwater mixing zone on a small oceanic island. Geobios doi: 10.1016/j.geobios.2016.01.016
  59. Wallenstein, F. M. & Neto, A. I., 2006. Intertidal rocky shore biotopes of the Azores: a quantitative approach. Helgoland Marine Research, 60 (3): 196-206, DOI 10.1007/s10152-006-0035-6
  60. Wallenstein, F. M., Terra, M. R., Pombo, J. & Neto, A. I. 2009a. Macroalgal turfs in the Azores. Marine Ecology-An Evolutionary Perspective, 30 (Suppl. 1): 113-117
  61. Wallenstein, F. M., Neto, A. I., Álvaro, N. V., Tittley, I. & Azevedo, J. M. N., 2009b. Guia para Definição de Biótopos Costeiros em Ilhas Oceânicas [Coastal Biotope Definition Manual for Oceanic Islands], Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar, ISBN 978-972-99884-9-3
  62. Wallenstein, F., Peres, S. D., Xavier, E. D., & Neto, A. I., 2010. Phytobenthic communities of intertidal rock pools in the eastern islands of Azores and their relation to position on shore and pool morphology. ARQUIPÉLAGO. Life and Marine Sciences, 9-20
  63. Neto, A.I., Parente, M. I., Tittley, I., Fletcher, R. L., Farnham, W. F., Costa, A. C., Botelho, A. Z., Monteiro, S., Resendes, R., Afonso, P., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Neto, R. M. A., Azevedo, J. M. N., Moreu, I., 2020d. Marine algal flora of Flores and Corvo Islands, Azores. v1.4. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=flores-corvo_seaweed_flora&v=1.4

追加のメタデータ

Additional information on this study may also be requested to the first author.

代替識別子 38c70a82-c6e3-4ef4-89f4-a37455c6f73a
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=santa_maria_macroalgal_flora