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Arthropods from Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal)

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Jun 5, 2018 Universidade dos Açores

During a LIFE project dedicated to the implementation of the conservation of the habitats and restoration of coastal wet areas of Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal), there was the opportunity to study several groups of arthropods in three wet areas: Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP). The objective of the study was to perform a rapid biodiversity assessment, comparing the three sites in two different years, before and after the implantation of several conservation measures. This project contributed also to improve the knowledge of Azorean arthropod diversity at both local and regional scales also including new taxa for Terceira island and new records for Azores. Taking into consideration those aims, a set of standardised sampling methods were performed inspired by the COBRA protocol originally developed for spiders. A total of 15,810 specimens belonging to 216 arthropod species and subspecies were collected. Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) and spiders (Araneae) dominate, with 81 and 51 taxa respectively. Two beetle families dominate, Staphylinidae and Curculionidae with respectively 22 and 17 species and subspecies. Exotic species also dominate with 131 species and subspecies, the Azorean endemic taxa being restricted to only eight taxa. The remaining 77 species and subspecies are native non-endemic. A total of six species are novel for the Azores (five exotic and one possibly native) and an additional 15 taxa are novel for Terceira island (9 exotic and 6 native).

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 343 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    343
  • Occurrence 
    3239

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 343 records in English (173 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (24 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (22 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Vieira Borges P A, Gabriel R, M. Pimentel C M, Brito M R, Moniz Serrano A R, Fonseca Crespo L C, Assing V, Stüben P, Fattorini S, Mendonça E P, Nogueira E (2018): Arthropods from Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal). v1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=arthrop_pv_ter_az&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d90f2b88-71d9-4cc4-bb15-880c4cac8be9.  Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Sampling event; Arthropoda; Azores; Terceira Island; coastal area; standardized sampling

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo PT
César M. M. Pimentel
Researcher
LIFE CWR Praia da Vitória PT
Mariana R. Brito
Researcher
LIFE CWR Praia da Vitória PT
Artur Raposo Moniz Serrano
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Departamento de Biologia Animal/, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa PT
Luís Carlos Fonseca Crespo
Researcher
Biodiversity Research Institute UB, Departament Biologia Animal, Universitat de Barcelona Barcelona ES
Volker Assing
Researcher
not provided Gabelsbergerstraße 2 Hannover DE
Peter Stüben
Researcher
CURCULIO Institute e.V. Mönchengladbach DE
Simone Fattorini
Researcher
Department of Life, Health & Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila L’Aquila IT
Enésima P. Mendonça
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo PT
Elisabete Nogueira
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo PT

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Who filled in the metadata:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Researcher
CE3C – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes / Azorean Biodiversity Group and Universidade dos Açores Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Geographic Coverage

Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council. Three wet areas, Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP) were studied in this project. Coastal vegetation dominates, namely Juncus acutus, and still includes some arboreal cover by the native shrub Morella faya. The Erica-Morella coastal woodlands as described in Elias et al. 2016 are not present and the exotic invasive species Arundo donax is very common. The PPV was a large coastal salty marshland with associated dunes, which was largely transformed and reduced for urban development and underwent several dynamic changes in the last 500 years of human occupation. After some major work performed between 2006 and 2010, PPV is currently characterized by a large waterbody with islands of Juncus acutus isolated by channels. PBJ was originally one of the largest dune areas from the Azores, but after the construction of the Paria da Vitória Harbor was reduced to a very small wet area, with a dune covered partially by J. acutus. Of particular relevance is the presence of a small stream adding some diversity of vegetation and arthropods. The case of PPCP is completely different, since this is a recently created wetland, resulting from the removal of large amounts of stones for the construction of the Praia da Vitória harbor, around 1980. As a consequence a new ecosystem was created, the quarry of Cabo da Praia.

Bounding Coordinates South West [38.702, -27.139], North East [38.786, -27.038]

Taxonomic Coverage

Arthropods including Diplopoda, Chilopoda, Arachnida (Opiliones; Pseudoscorpiones; Araneae) and Hexapoda (Microcoryphia; Zygentoma; Odonata; Orthoptera; Phasmatodea; Dermaptera; Psocoptera; Hemiptera; Thysanoptera; Neuroptera; Coleoptera; Lepidoptera; Hymenoptera -Formicidae)

Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Arthropoda
Class  Arachnida,  Insecta

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2016-06-21 / 2017-03-10

Project Data

The inventory was conducted during two years (2016-2017) under the responsibility of Paulo A. V. Borges with constant participation of César Pimentel. Additional help in the field was provided by Rosalina Gabriel and Mariana Brito for the night sampling. A large group of taxonomists contributed for the species identification: Luís Crespo (Araneae); Artur Serrano (Insecta, Coleoptera); Volker Assing and Michael Schülke (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae); António O. Soares (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae); Simone Fattorini (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae); Peter Stüben (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Finnaly, in the lab we had the support of Alejandra Ros-Prieto in vouchers managment for the University of Azores Insect Collection "Dalberto Teixeira Pombo" and Enésima Mendonça for the database management. In each of the three wet areas, transects were setup to allow the sampling of epigean arthropods in the main habitats. In PPV three main transects were setup: i) PPV200 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Margins) that covers the main margins of the water bodies; ii) PPV201 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Island) that covers some of the isolated islands; iii) PPV205 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Cerrado São Lazaro) to sample an historical locality with a high divresity of ground-beetle species ( Borges 1995 ; Borges et al. 2017 ). In PBJ two transects were setup: i) PBJ-T203 (Paul do Belo Jardim - Margins), which was located throughout the plants; ii) PBJ-T204 (Paul do Belo Jardim - Stream), which was setup in a small stream. In PPCP only one transect was setup, PPCP-T202 (Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia - Margins), which covers the main margins of the water. The beating and sweeping samples were conducted both during the day and night and were performed walking randomly in the sites.

Title The inventory of selected groups of terrestrial arthropods in three coastal wetlands from Terceira Island (Azores)
Funding This study was financed by the project LIFE CWR – Ecological Restoration and Conservation of Praia da Vitória Coastal Wet Green Infrastructure (2013-2018).
Study Area Description Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council. Three wet areas, Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP) were studied in this project. Coastal vegetation dominates, namely Juncus acutus, and still includes some arboreal cover by the native shrub Morella faya. The Erica-Morella coastal woodlands as described in Elias et al. 2016 are not present and the exotic invasive species Arundo donax is very common. The PPV was a large coastal salty marshland with associated dunes, which was largely transformed and reduced for urban development and underwent several dynamic changes in the last 500 years of human occupation. After some major work performed between 2006 and 2010, PPV is currently characterized by a large waterbody with islands of Juncus acutus isolated by channels. PBJ was originally one of the largest dune areas from the Azores, but after the construction of the Paria da Vitória Harbor was reduced to a very small wet area, with a dune covered partially by J. acutus. Of particular relevance is the presence of a small stream adding some diversity of vegetation and arthropods. The case of PPCP is completely different, since this is a recently created wetland, resulting from the removal of large amounts of stones for the construction of the Praia da Vitória harbor, around 1980. As a consequence a new ecosystem was created, the quarry of Cabo da Praia.
Design Description In each of the three wet areas, transects were setup to allow the sampling of epigean arthropods in the main habitats. In PPV three main transects were setup: i) PPV200 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Margins) that covers the main margins of the water bodies; ii) PPV201 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Island) that covers some of the isolated islands; iii) PPV205 (Paul da Praia Vitória - Cerrado São Lazaro) to sample an historical locality with a high divresity of ground-beetle species ( Borges 1995 ; Borges et al. 2017 ). In PBJ two transects were setup: i) PBJ-T203 (Paul do Belo Jardim - Margins), which was located throughout the plants; ii) PBJ-T204 (Paul do Belo Jardim - Stream), which was setup in a small stream. In PPCP only one transect was setup, PPCP-T202 (Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia - Margins), which covers the main margins of the water. The beating and sweeping samples were conducted both during the day and night and were performed walking randomly in the sites.

The personnel involved in the project:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges

Sampling Methods

In each site, arthropods were sampled during summers of 2016 and 2017 using a combination of standardized methods inspired by the COBRA protocol ( Cardoso 2009 ): -Nocturnal active aerial searching (AAS) – Four samples were obtained by four trained collectors (Paulo Borges, Mariana Brito, Rosalina Gabriel, César Pimentel) targeting active arthropods found above knee-level by hand, forceps, pooter or brush, immediately transferring them into vials containing alcohol. All the time spent in searching (one hour per researcher) was accounted for. -Foliage Beating (FB) – During day time ten samples of each main tree or brush were sampled. A 110 cm × 80 cm sheet with a frame was used as a drop-cloth (beating tray) and a wooden pole of at least 1.5 m was used to beat tree branches, as high as possible. The plants selected were: and in PPV and PPCP, and and in PBJ. In 2017, in addition, two samples during night (FSN) were obtained (one hour each sample covering several plants). -Foliage sweeping (FS): – A round sweep net with an opening diameter of 46 cm was used to sweep bushes and tall herbs. All time spent sweeping or searching for dislodged arthropods was accounted for. Two samples during day time (FSD) were obtained (one hour each samples). In 2017, in addition, two samples during night (FSN) were obtained (one hour each sample). -Pitfall (PIT) – Pitfall traps (4.2 cm wide at the top, and approximately 7.2 cm deep) were placed immediately outside the perimeter of each lake, spaced 10 meters. Traps were filled with 3 – 4 cm of 100% propylene glycol and left in the field for seven days. Traps were protected from predation, inundation with rain water, and unwanted vertebrate capture by using plates sitting on stilts 2 cm above the ground surface. In PBJ two transects were performed with 30 traps in the main transect and 15 traps in a secondary transect covering a small stream. In PPV and PPCP single transects of 30 traps each were setup in the margins of water bodies. In PPV half of the traps were in the margins of the largest “island”. In 1017 additional traps were setup in Cerrado São Lazaro (PPV205 Paul da Praia Vitória). For each site a total of four samples of AAS, 20 samples of FB, two samples of FS and 30 main samples of PIT were obtained, totaling 56 samples per site and an overall 168 samples in 2017. Still in 2017, additional pitfall traps in PBJ small stream added 15 more samples totalling 183 samples. The main 56 samples per site included the sampling of two main sub-habitats, the aerial vegetation with 26 samples (20 beatings during the day, two sweeps during the day and four nigh aerial searches) and the ground habitat with 30 pitfall samples. In 2017 the additional samples made during the night added four samples for each site, totalling 60 samples per site.

Study Extent This study covers a small coastal area with 5 km extension between PPV and PPCP
Quality Control The correct identification of the sampled taxa is crucial. Taxonomic nomenclature followed the Borges et al. 2010 checklist.

Method step description:

  1. (1) for arthropod orders for which there was taxonomic expertise, one of us (CP) performed morphospecies sorting using a parataxonomy approach (see Oliver and Beattie 1993) with a reference collection
  2. (2) a trained taxonomist (PAVB) corrected all the splitting and lumping errors and identified most of the species
  3. 3) the morphospecies for which it was not possible a correct identification were sent to experts for identification

Collection Data

Collection Name Dalberto Teixeira Pombo insect collection at the University of Azores.
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Borges P, Costa A, Cunha R, Gabriel R, Gonçalves V, Martins A, Melo I, Parente M, Raposeiro P, Rodrigues P, Santos R, Silva L, Vieira P, Vieira V (Eds) (2010) A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. 1st. Princípia, Cascais, 432 pp. http://www.azoresbioportal.angra.uac.pt/files/noticias_Listagem_ml.pdf

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers d90f2b88-71d9-4cc4-bb15-880c4cac8be9
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=arthrop_pv_ter_az