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Bryophytes from Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal)

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Sep 21, 2018 Universidade dos Açores

During a LIFE research project aiming at the implementation of habitats conservation and restoration of coastal wetland areas of Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal), there was the opportunity to undertake a systematic record of bryophytes in three wetland areas: Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP). The objective of the study was to perform a rapid biodiversity assessment, comparing the three sites in two different years, before and after the implementation of several conservation measures. This project also contributed to improve the knowledge of Azorean bryophyte diversity at both local and regional scales, including the recording of new taxa for Terceira island and new records for Azores.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 531 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    531
  • Occurrence 
    899

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 531 records in English (55 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (21 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (18 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Borges P, Gabriel R, Pimentel C, Brito M, Claro D, Sergio C, Sim-sim M (2018): Bryophytes from Praia da Vitória (Terceira, Azores, Portugal). v1.1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=bryophytes_vitoria_azores&v=1.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

Bryophytes; Azores; Terceira Island; coastal area; standardised sampling

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351 295 402 200
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT
Cesar Pimentel
Reseracher
LIFE project: Ecological Restoration and Conservation of Praia da Vitória Coastal Wet Green Infrastructures PT
Mariana Brito
Researcher
LIFE project: Ecological Restoration and Conservation of Praia da Vitória Coastal Wet Green Infrastructures PT
David Claro
Researcher
CE3C-Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes Lisboa Lisboa PT
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/
Cecilia Sergio
Researcher
CE3C-Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes Lisbon PT
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/
Manuela Sim-sim
Researcher
CE3C-Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes Lisbon PT 213921891

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351 295 402 200

Who filled in the metadata:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351 295 402 200

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351 295 402 200

Geographic Coverage

Terceira Island (area:400.6km²; elevation:1,021.14m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N, 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council. Three wet areas, Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP) were studied in this project. Coastal vegetation dominates, namely Juncus acutus, and still includes some arboreal cover by the native shrub Morella faya. The Erica-Morella coastal woodlands as described in Elias et al. 2016, are not present and the exotic invasive species Arundo donax is very common. The PPV was a large coastal salty marshland with associated dunes, which was largely transformed and reduced for urban development and underwent several dynamic changes in the last 500 years of human occupation. After some major work performed between 2006 and 2010, PPV is currently characterized by a large waterbody with islands of Juncus acutus isolated by channels. PBJ was originally one of the largest dune areas from the Azores, but after the construction of the Praia da Vitória Harbor, it was reduced to a very small wet area with a dune covered partially by J. acutus. Of particular relevance is the presence of a small stream adding some diversity of vegetation and arthropods. The case of PPCP is completely different, since this is a recently created wetland, resulting from the removal of large amounts of stones for the construction of the Praia da Vitória harbor, around 1980. As a consequence a new ecosystem was created, the quarry of Cabo da Praia.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, -180]

Taxonomic Coverage

Bryophyta including the Classes Anthocerotopsida, Bryopsida, Jungermanniopsida and Marchantiopsida. Kingdom Plantae Phylum Bryophyta Class Anthocerotopsida, Bryopsida, Jungermanniopsida, Marchantiopsida, Polytrichopsida

Kingdom  Plantae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2013-10-18 / 2017-06-14

Project Data

The inventory was conducted during the years of 2013, 2016 and 2017 under the responsibility of Rosalina Gabriel with the participation of Javier Diaz Castillo, César Pimentel and Mariana Reis Brito. The distribution of sampling dates and collectors by the three sites. Species identification were performed by César Pimentel, under the supervision of Rosalina Gabriel and David Claro, under the supervision of Cecília Sérgio. The identification of some challenging samples was performed by Manuela Sim-Sim and Cecília Sérgio.

Title The inventory of bryophytes in three coastal wetlands from Terceira Island (Azores)
Funding This study was financed by the project LIFE+ (LIFE12 BIO/PT/000110: Ecological Restoration and conservation Infrastructure Green Wet Coast Praia da Vitória) (2013-2018).
Study Area Description Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km2; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands of the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49′′N 27°19′10′′W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, high levels of relative humidity and persistent western winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gabriel and Bates 2005 ). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória county. Three wetland areas, Paul da Praia da Vitória (PPV), Paul do Belo Jardim (PBJ) and Paul da Pedreira do Cabo da Praia (PPCP) were studied in this project. Coastal vegetation dominates, namely Juncus acutus and still includes some arboreal cover by the native shrub Morella faya. The Erica-Morella coastal woodlands as described in Elias et al. 2016 are not present and the exotic invasive species Arundo donax is very common.
Design Description A network of three or four transects in each wetland (160 m x 2 m or 300 m x 2m), was sampled every 20 m, in sampling points (4 m ); each sampling point was searched for bryophytes, collecting a maximum of six samples/microplots (10 cm x 5 cm); three replicates from soil and three replicates from rock.

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

In each site, bryophytes were sampled during the summers of 2013, 2016 and 2017 using a combination of standardised methods that included, in each transect and at every 20 metres, an area delimited of 4m2. Each sampling point (quadrat) was carefully examined to collect three samples (replicates or microplots) for each of the substrates that could be colonized by bryophytes (soil, rock). The area collected in each replica (microplot) was 50 cm (10 cm x 5 cm). The maximum number of samples obtained per sampling point was six (three replicates of soil and three of rock), but many sampling points did not contain bryophytes, especially those that were placed in places periodically flooded with brackish waters. For each sample of 10 cm x 5 cm, the scales for the ecological variables were adapted from Gabriel and Bates 2005.

Study Extent This study covers a small coastal area with 3.58 km extension between PPV and PPCP.
Quality Control The correct identification of the sampled taxa is crucial. Keys and floras were used to identify the species, and their coverage (in %) was also estimated for each microplot. The main floras used were Smith 2004, Casas et al. 2006 for mosses and Paton 1999, Casas et al. 2009 for liverworts. Taxonomic keys provided by Schumacker and Váňa 2005 and field guides ( Atherton et al. 2010 , Llimona et al. 2004 ) were also consulted. Some important internet databases were also consulted, namely the Azorean Biodiversity Portal and TROPICOS to obtain taxonomic data and BBS Field Guide online pages, Bildatlas der Moose Deutschlands and Swissbryophytes to obtain morphological and ecological data. Nomenclature follows Gabriel et al. 2010 . The colleagues Michele Aleffi (University of Camerino, Italy), Juana Maria González Mancebo (Universidade de La Laguna, spain) and Maria Manuela Pinheiro Sim-Sim (University of Lisbon) revised samples belonging to Grimmia, Didymodon and Cephaloziella. Accumulation curves were performed and completeness was high for all sites when using the Jackknife first order estimator with values higher or equal to 74%.

Method step description:

  1. The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table (events) contains 508 records and one data table extension also exists (occurrence), with 899 records. The extension supplies extra information about a core record.

Collection Data

Collection Name Herbarium of the University of Azores (AZU) – section Bryophytes
Collection Identifier AZU, Angra do Heroísmo
Specimen preservation methods Dried

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Atherton I, Bosanquet S, Lawley M (2010) British mosses and liverworts: a field guide. 1, 1. British Bryological Society, Plymouth, 848 pp. [In English]. Casas C, Brugués M, Cros RM, Sérgio C (2006) Handbook of mosses of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. 1, 1. Institut d’Estudis Catalans, Barcelona, 349 pp. [In English]. Casas C, Brugués M, Cros RM, Sérgio C, Infante M (2009) Handbook of liverworts and hornworts of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. 1, 1. Institut d’Estudis Catalans, Barcelona, 177 pp. [In English]. Elias R, Gil A, Silva L, Fernández-Palacios J, Azevedo E, Reis F (2016) Natural zonal vegetation of the Azores Islands: characterization and potential distribution. Phytocoenologia 46 (2): 107‐123. https://doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2016/0132 Gabriel R, Bates JW (2005) Bryophyte community composition and habitat specificity in the natural forests of Terceira, Azores. Plant Ecology 177 (1): 125‐144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-005- 2243-6 Gabriel R, Sjögren E, Schumacker R, Sérgio C, Aranda SC, Claro D, Homem N, Martins B (2010) List of bryophytes (Anthocerotophyta, Marchantiophyta, Bryophyta). In: Borges PA, Costa A, Cunha R, Gabriel R, Gonçalves V, Martins AF, Melo I, Parente M, Raposeiro P, Rodrigues P, Santos RS, Silva L, Vieira P, Vieira V (Eds) A list of the terrestrial and marine fungi, flora and fauna from the Azores. 1, 1. Princípia Editora, Cascais, 432 pp. [In Português/English]. URL: http://www.azoresbioportal.angra.uac.pt/files/publicacoes_Lista2010_Cap5_99-115.pdf Gabriel R, Homem N, Couto A, Aranda SC, Borges PA (2011) Azorean bryophytes: a preliminary review of rarity patterns. Açoreana 7: 149‐206. [In English]. URL: http://www.azoresbioportal.angra.uac.pt/files/publicacoes_Gabriel2011_AzoreanBryophytesAPreliminar yReviewRarityPatterns.pdf Llimona X, Wirth V, Düll R (2004) Guía de campo de los líquenes, musgos y hepáticas. [Field Guide for the lichens, mosses and liverworts]. 1. Omega, Madrid. [In Spanish]. Morton B, Britton JC, Martins AF (1998) Ecologia costeira dos Açores. 1, 1. Sociedade Afonso Chaves, Ponta Delgada. [In Português]. Paton JA (1999) The liverwort flora of the British Isles. 1, 1. Harley Books, Colchester, 626 pp. [In English]. Schumacker R, Váňa J (2005) Identification keys to the liverworts and hornworts of Europe and Macaronesia (distribution and status). 2, 1. SORUS Publishing & Printing House, Poznań, Poland, 210 pp. [In English]. Smith AJ (2004) The moss flora of Britain and Ireland. 1, 1. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1012 pp. [In English].

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=bryophytes_vitoria_azores