This database refers to the Carnivora (Mammalia) collection of the MNHNC. The collection is composed by 1016 specimens, collected mostly in Portugal, but also in other countries from Europe, Africa, North America and Arctic, between 1944 and 2003. Most of the specimens are dry preserved, mostly skeletons and/or skins, and a small percentage are whole animals preserved in Ethanol (EtOH). The collection includes several specimens of species with high threat status (IUCN Red List), as for example the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) and the Wolf (Canis lupus). The Iberian Lynx was considered as "Critically Endangered" (CR) until 2015, when it was downgraded to "Endangered" (EN). In Portugal, the species faced a situation of "pre-extinction"; it is currently under a reintroduction and recovery programme, with a population of around 140 specimens. All data and specimens were verified within the framework of the Portuguese e-Infrastructure for Information and Research on Biodiversity (PORBIOTA).
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,016 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
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How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
da Costa L, Brites Soares L, Bastos-Silveira C (2022): Carnivorous Mammals from the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. v1.0. Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=carnivoros_mnhnc&v=1.0
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: b0205619-2f7c-4eaf-9ca6-26c4cf054327. Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.
Occurrence; carnivores Iberian lynx Iberian wolf mnhnc dry collections; Specimen
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The collecting sites include Angola, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, France, Mauritania, Morroco, Namibia, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and United States of America. However, most specimens come from Portugal mainland.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]|
The collection of carnivores is composed of 8 families: Canidae, Felidae, Herpestidae, Mustelidae, Otariidae, Phocidae, Ursidae e Viverridae. Most of the specimens belong to the Canidae family, with about 600 individuals. The collection includes 26 different species, representing 11 genera.
|Family||Canidae, Mustelidae, Felidae, Herpestidae, Viverridae, Otariidae, Phocidae, Ursidae|
|Genus||Felis, Vulpes, Mustela, Canis, Lynx, Felis, Meles, Herpestes, Lutra, Martes, Genetta, Leptailurus, Ursus, Zalophus, Arctocephalus, Pusa, Phoca, Monachus, Cystophora|
|Species||Vulpes vulpes, Ursus maritimus, Mustela nivalis, Lynx pardinus, Felis silvestris, Felis catus, Meles meles, Herpestes ichneumon, Lutra lutra, Mustela erminea, Mustela putorius, Mustela furo, Martes foina, Martes martes, Genetta genetta, Genetta maculata, Leptailurus serval, Zalophus californianus, Arctocephalus pusillus, Pusa hispida, Phoca vitulina, Monachus monachus, Cystophora cristata|
|Subspecies||Canis lupus signatus, Canis lupus familiaris|
|Start Date / End Date||1944-01-01 / 2003-12-08|
PORBIOTA is the Portuguese e-Infrastructure for Information and Research on Biodiversity, targeted at storing, organising and disseminating biodiversity and environmental data, thereby supporting research on biodiversity and ecosystems that connects academia public administration and civil society.
|Funding||The preparation of this resource for publication through GBIF was supported by Project PORBIOTA—Portuguese E-Infrastructure for Information and Research on Biodiversity (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-022127), under the Operational Thematic Program for Competitiveness and Internationalization (POCI), under the PORTUGAL 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) and FCT.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Most of the specimens arrived at the museum through donations, as they are essentially animals found dead by being run over, shot, or poisoned.
|Study Extent||The collecting sites include Angola, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, France, Mauritania, Morroco, Namibia, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and United States of America. However, most specimens come from Portugal mainland. Collected between 1944 and 2003.|
|Quality Control||All initial data was inserted in a specific relational database built specifically for the project, which implemented several quality control methods. In the preparation of the dataset for GBIF publication, data consistency was verified using cluster algorithms using OpenRefine.|
Method step description:
|Collection Name||Mammals (MB01)|
|Specimen preservation methods||Alcohol, Dried, Mounted, Other|