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Insect Collection from the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Latest version published by National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon on Sep 23, 2019 National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon

The Entomological collection of the National Museum of Natural History and Science, of the University of Lisbon, Portugal, comprises over 40000 records, corresponding to about 70450 specimens. The Museum’s original collection was lost in a wildfire in 1978 and was then restarted in the early 1980’s. The collection includes large sub-collections which were compiled by private collectors and donated to the museum. These include several collections composed of over 10000 specimens, such as the collections donated by the Mendoça family, António Bívar de Sousa and Passos de Carvalho. These contribute significantly to enhance the temporal and geographic coverage of the collection. The collection remains in constant growth (ca. 4,7% in 2018), as a substantial number of specimens are still on the process of sorting, preparation and cataloguing. Furthermore, since 2014 the collection data has been under intensive verification, enrichment and validation. Over 97% (39174 records) have now been validated.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 39,139 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 39,139 records in English (1,005 KB) - Update frequency: irregular
Metadata as an EML file download in English (22 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (17 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Lopes L F, Venceslau L, Souto P M, Parrinha D, Queirós Neves I, Mameri D (2014): Insect Collection from the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. v1.2. National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon. Dataset/Occurrence. https://museus.ulisboa.pt/pt-pt/colecao-insetos

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 79673413-746f-48f2-bd8a-7cf27807317e.  National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Occurrence; PreservedSpecimen; Specimen; Hexapoda; Insecta; Entognatha

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Luis Filipe Lopes
Insect and spider collections curator
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT 00351213921855
http://www.mnhnc.ulisboa.pt/portal/page?_pageid=418,1391560&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
Leonor Venceslau
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
Paula Malaquias Souto
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
Diogo Parrinha
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
Isabel Queirós Neves
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
Daniel Mameri
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Luis Filipe Lopes
Insect and spider collections curator
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT 00351213921855
http://www.mnhnc.ulisboa.pt/portal/page?_pageid=418,1391560&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Who filled in the metadata:

Luis Filipe Lopes
Insect and spider collections curator
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
http://www.mnhnc.ulisboa.pt/portal/page?_pageid=418,1391560&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Who else was associated with the resource:

Curator
Luis Filipe Lopes
Insect and spider collections curator
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT 00351213921855
http://www.mnhnc.ulisboa.pt/portal/page?_pageid=418,1391560&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
Metadata Provider
Leonor Venceslau
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT
Metadata Provider
Paula Malaquias Souto
Research fellowship
National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal Lisbon PT

Geographic Coverage

This dataset includes specimen ocurrence records from 72 countries. Most of the records are from the Portuguese entomofauna, comprising 31833 records (81.3% of the total) corresponding to 71968 specimens (90.1% of the total). The following countries most well represented in the collection are: - Guinea-Bissau: 1734 records (4.4%), 1734 specimens (2.2%) - Angola: 1534 records (3.9%), 1549 specimens (1.9%) - São Tomé and Príncipe: 1385 records (3.5%), 1407 specimens (1.8%) - Mozambique - 1078 records (2.8%), 1181 specimens (1.5%) Each of all other countries represent less than 1% of the total number of records.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage

This collection contains specimens from the Subphylum Hexapoda, mainly from the Class Insecta, but also contains specimens from the three Orders (Collembola, Diplura, Protura) of the Class Entognatha. The insect orders represented are Archaeognatha, Blattodea, Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Diptera, Embioptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Mantodea, Mecoptera, Megaloptera, Neuroptera, Odonata, Orthoptera, Phasmatodea, Phthiraptera, Plecoptera, Psocoptera, Siphonaptera, Thysanoptera, Trichoptera, Thysanura. The best represented Orders, calculated either in record numbers, or specimen numbers are: Coleoptera: 12802 records (32.7% of total), 16886 specimens (21.1 % of total) Hemiptera: 7684 records (19.6% of total), 14327 specimens (17.9% of total) Lepidoptera: 7538 records (19.3% of total), 7915 specimens (9.9% of total) Hymenoptera: 3521 records (9% of total), 8873 specimens (11.1% of total) Diptera: 3305 records (8.4% of total), 23270 specimens (29.1% of total) Orthoptera: 2149 records (5.5% of total), 5106 specimens (6.4% of total) Odonata: 1098 records (2.8% of total), 1105 specimens (1.4% of total) Of the total 39139 of records included in this dataset, about 54.1% (N=21167) records are only taxonomically determined to the Order level. About 7.2% (N=2837) are determined to the Family level, 6.9% (N=2717) to the genus level and 31.8% (N=12418) to the Species or Subspecies level. Among those determined to the Family level or more specific (45.9% of records, N=17972), there are a total of 268 unique Families, 1147 different genus and 1836 unique species. These are mainly distributed through the seven most diverse Orders: Coleoptera: 70 Families, 384 Genera, 458 Species Hymenoptera: 48 Families, 165 Genera, 396 Species Hemiptera: 37 Families, 114 Genera, 138 Species Diptera: 33 Families, 52 Genera, 138 Species Lepidoptera: 26 Families, 322 Genera, 541 Species Orthoptera: 11 Families, 51 Genera, 67 Species Odonata: 11 Families, 29 Genera, 52 Species Ammong these groups, the level of taxonomic determination achieved is not similar: Coleoptera Order 6287 (49.1% of total) Family 1552 (12.1%) Genus 2208 (17.2%) Species 2668 (20.8%) Subspecies 87 (0.7%) Hymenoptera Order 1577 (44.8% of total) Family 285 (8.1%) Genus 216 (6.1%) Species 1377 (39.1%) Subspecies 66 (1.9%) Hemiptera Order 6875 (89.5% of total) Family 278 (3.6%) Genus 25 (0.3%) Species 491 (6.4%) Subspecies 15 (0.2%) Diptera Order 1429 (43.2% of total) Family 425 (12.9%) Genus 52 (1.6%) Species 1397 (42.3%) Subspecies 2 (0.1%) Lepidoptera Order 1577 (44.8% of total) Family 285 (8.1%) Genus 216 (6.1%) Species 1377 (39.1%) Subspecies 66 (1.9%) Orthoptera Order 1445 (67.2% of total) Family 115 (5.4%) Genus 97 (4.5%) Species 492 (22.9%) Subspecies 0 (0%) Odonata Order 45 (4.1% of total) Family 52 (4.7%) Genus 70 (6.4%) Species 924 (84.2%) Subspecies 7 (0.6%) Coleoptera is considered the most diverse order of the Animal Kingdom and is also the group showing a higher taxonomic diversity in this dataset, and is also the most well represented Order, in number of records. However, the Order that is best represented in terms of specimen number is Diptera, which is only fifth in terms of number of records. This is due to the dataset including a large group of Drosophila specimens which are preserved in batches, each batch corresponding to a single record number. Each other Order represents less than 1% of the dataset, either in terms of number of records or number of specimens. The Order showing the best level of taxonomic determination is Odonata, where 84.8% of the records are determined to the level of Species or Subspecies. One should take into account that over 50% of the dataset remains determined to the Order level, and as more taxonomic information is acquired these numbers can change.

Subphylum  Hexapoda
Class  Insecta (Insect),  Entognatha

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1905-01-01 / 2018-01-01

Project Data

This work has been supported by several different projects, fellowships, student and volunteer works: - NanoCell2SEC project - PORBIOTA national research infrastructure - PRISC national research infrastructure - Post-doctoral fellowship of L. F. Lopes - Master Thesis of L. Venceslau - Research fellowship of P. M. Souto, L. Venceslau, D. Mameri, D. Parrinha and I. Neves - Several short term volunteers

Title Digitiization of the Entomological Collection of the National Museum of Natural History and Science, Portugal
Funding NanoCell2SEC project PTDC/CTM-REF/30529/2017 FCT for funds to GHTM – UID/Multi/04413/2013 FCT for funds to CE3C - UID/BIA/00329/2013 FCT Pos-doctoral fellowship SFRH/BPD/84478/2012 - L. F. Lopes Project 022127/01/SAICT/2016 granted to the research infrastructure PORBIOTA Project granted to the research infrastructure PRISC
Study Area Description Natural history, entomology, scientific collections, biodiversity data, biodiversity informatics, biosystematics
Design Description Production and validation of natural colletion data, data and specimen digitization, database management and validation and data publishing.

The personnel involved in the project:

Curator
Luis Filipe Lopes
Metadata Provider
Leonor Venceslau
Metadata Provider
Paula Malaquias Souto
Metadata Provider
Diogo Parrinha
Metadata Provider
Isabel Queirós Neves

Sampling Methods

This dataset contains data from an insect collection that includes specimens from many different origins and studies. There wasn't a common sampling method for all the specimens. Information regarding the sampling protocol is included at individual specimen level, when the information exists.

Study Extent This dataset contains data from an insect collection that includes specimens from many different origins and studies. It includes data from scientific/biodiversity studies as well as specimens from occasional collection.

Method step description:

  1. No information is available at the moment.

Collection Data

Collection Name Insect Collection of the National Museum of Natural History and Science, University of Lisbon, Portugal
Collection Identifier https://museus.ulisboa.pt/pt-pt/colecao-insetos

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Bolívar, I. 1889. Ortópteros de Africa del Museo de Lisboa. Jornal de sciências mathemáticas, physicas e naturaes (Ser. 2) (J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. , Lisboa (Ser. 2)) 1(2):90
  2. FERNANDES, José de Almeida (1959) - Tipos entomológicos do Museu Bocage. Revista Portuguesa de Zoologia e Biologia Geral, Museu Bocage, UL, Lisboa, 2 (1-2): 37-50. http://www.arca.museus.ul.pt/ArcaSite/obj/pubsZoo/MNHNL-0001548-MB-DOC-web.PDF
  3. Cartaxana A, Correia A M, Carvalho D, Lopes LF (2014). O papel das coleções de história natural no estudo e conservação de invertebrados. Ecologi@ 7: 15-21. http://speco.fc.ul.pt/revistaecologia_7_art_1_1.html
  4. Alves MJ, C Bastos-Silveira, A Cartaxana, D Carvalho, T Catry, AM Correia, JP Granadeiro, LF Lopes, PAM Marques, N Mesquita, R Rebelo. 2014. As coleções zoológicas do Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência. In: Professor Carlos Almaça (1934-2010) - Estado da Arte em Áreas Científicas do Seu Interesse. MJ Alves, A Cartaxana, AM Correia, LF Lopes (eds), Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Lisboa, pp. 289-301. http://digital.museus.ul.pt/items/show/3763

Additional Metadata

Purpose Make the collection data acessible to the scientific community.
Alternative Identifiers 79673413-746f-48f2-bd8a-7cf27807317e
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=col-insectos-mnhnc