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Guinea-Bissau Herpetological Collection - IICT

Latest version published by Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical on Dec 20, 2018 Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical

The Guinea-Bissau herpetological collections of the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical (IICT), currently housed in the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência (MUHNAC) are part of the scientific collections of the Universidade de Lisboa (UL), Portugal. This set comprises a total of 968 records (968 specimens), representing 48 taxa (11 amphibians and 37 reptiles), representing the richest collection of Guinea-Bissau amphibians and reptiles in the world. These were collected between 1939 and 1991, either by targeted surveys promoted by the IICT or by fortuitous collections and donations by private individuals and researchers.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 968 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 968 records in English (32 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (38 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (16 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Ceriaco LMP, Marques MP (2018): Guinea-Bissau Herpetological Collection - IICT. v1. Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=guinea_bissau_herpetological_collection_iict&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: c6e94ce4-5d25-4758-8a52-2d5ee4d520fc.  Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Guinea-Bissau; Amphibia; Reptilia; Specimens; Museums; Portuguese collections; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Luis Ceriaco
Curator
Museu de Historia Natural e da Ciencia da Universidade do Porto Praça Gomes Teixeira 4099-002 Porto Porto PT 963125545
Mariana Marques
Associated Curator
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência - Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa PT 964295925

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Luis Ceriaco
Curator
Museu de Historia Natural e da Ciencia da Universidade do Porto Praça Gomes Teixeira 4099-002 Porto Porto PT 963125545
Mariana Marques
Associated Curator
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência - Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa PT 964295925

Who filled in the metadata:

Luis Ceríaco
Curator
Museu de Historia Natural e da Ciencia da Universidade do Porto Praça Gomes Teixeira 4099-002 Porto Porto PT 963125545
Mariana Marques
Associated Curator
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência - Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa PT 964295925

Who else was associated with the resource:

Curator
Luis Miguel Pires Ceríaco
Curator
Museu de Historia Natural e da Ciencia da Universidade do Porto Praça Gomes Teixeira 4099-002 Porto Porto PT 963125545
Curator
Mariana Marques
Associated Curator
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência - Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa PT 964295925
Point Of Contact
Leonor Soares
Research fellowship
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência - Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa PT

Geographic Coverage

The Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Bounding Coordinates South West [10.769, -16.886], North East [12.79, -13.535]

Taxonomic Coverage

The dataset comprises representatives of 22 families, 33 genus, 48 species and one subspecies of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Class  Amphibia,  Reptilia
Order  Anura,  Gymnophiona,  Squamata,  Crocodylia
Family  Bufonidae,  Dermophiidae,  Dicroglossidae,  Hyperoliidae,  Pipidae,  Ptychadenidae,  Ranidae,  Gekkonidae,  Lamprophiidae,  Agamidae,  Typhlopidae,  Viperidae,  Chamaeleonidae,  Crocodylidae,  Colubridae,  Amphisbaenidae,  Scincidae,  Leptotyphlopidae,  Elapidae,  Pythonidae,  Phyllodactilidae,  Varanidae
Genus  Sclerophrys,  Geotrypetes,  Hoplobatrachus,  Hyperolius,  Xenopus,  Ptychadena,  Amnirana,  Hemidactylus,  Boaedon,  Psammophis,  Agama,  Afrotyphlops,  Atractaspis,  Bitis,  Causus,  Chamaeleo,  Crocodylus,  Crotaphopeltis,  Cynisca,  Dasypeltis,  Dispholidus,  Grayia,  Limaformosa,  Lycophidion,  Mochlus,  Myriopholis,  Philothamnus,  Naja,  Python,  Tarentola,  Toxicodryas,  Trachylepis,  Varanus
Species  Sclerophrys regularis,  Sclerophrys sp.,  Geotrypetes seraphini,  Hoplobatrachus occipitalis,  Hyperolius concolor,  Hyperolius sp.,  Xenopus tropicalis,  Ptychadena bibronii,  Ptychadena mascareniensis,  Ptychadena ansorgii,  Amnirana galamensis,  Hemidactylus angulatus,  Boaedon sp.,  Boaedon fuliginosus,  Psammophis sp.,  Agama picticauda,  Agama sp.,  Agama boensis,  Afrotyphlops punctatus,  Atractaspis aterrima,  Causus maculatus,  Bitis arietans,  Chamaeleo senegalensis,  Chamaeleo gracilis,  Crocodylus suchus,  Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia,  Cynisca feae,  Dasypeltis confusa,  Dasypeltis gansi,  Dispholidus typus,  Grayia smithi,  Limaformosa crossi,  Lycophidion albomaculatum,  Lycophidion irroratum,  Mochlus guineensis,  Myriopholis nasirostris,  Naja haje,  Philothamnus irregularis,  Psammophis irregularis,  Psammophis elegans,  Psammophis lineatus,  Psammophis sibilans,  Python sebae,  Toxicodryas blandingii,  Trachylepis affinis,  Trachylepis perroteti,  Varanus exanthematicus,  Varanus niloticus
Subspecies  Tarentola ephippiata senegambiae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1939-01-01 / 1991-01-01

Sampling Methods

The majority of the records of this dataset result from the Missões Científica da Guiné carried out by the former Junta de Investigação do Ultramar, coordinated by Fernando Frade during the period of 1945 and 1946. Some other material correspond to intermittent donations of specimens to the Junta de Investigação Científica do Ultramar from 1939 to 1991. Some of these specimens were previously studied and cited in Manaças (1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1955). The majority of the records refered in those publications were used in the most recent checklist of the amphibians and reptiles from the Bijagós archipelago and mainland Guinea-Bissau (Auliya et al. 2012).

Study Extent The study covers all 8 regions of Guinea-Bissau (Bafatá, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara and Tombali). The temporal distribution is mainly concentrated in the decade of 1940's (especially in years 1945 and 1946).
Quality Control Information from each specimen was catalogued in an Excel spreadsheet, involving two steps: i) digitization of specimen records; and ii) taxonomic revision and data checking. Nomemclature was checked through available literature, The Reptile Database [http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/], and the Amphibia Species of the World v.6.0 [http://research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia/]. Georeferencing followed the recommendations by Chapman and Wieczorek (2006), including the determination of uncertainty of coordinates, in particular when insufficient information was available from specimens' records and labels to attribute a specific locality (e.g. Guinea-Bissau).

Method step description:

  1. The herpetological collections were catalogued using the software Microsoft Excel. We conducted extensive shelf surveys to locate all the remaining Guinea-Bissau specimens of amphibians and reptiles. After locating the specimens, basic curatorial procedures were taken. Each jar was cleaned, and ethanol or formalin was changed to 70% ethanol gradually. In certain cases jars were substituted as they were cracked or were otherwise not reliably sealable. All the information linked to the survinving specimens and/or jars were collected, copied, and linked to the specimen. After completion of curatorial activities, each specimen was identified to the species and/or subspecies level. The identification of the specimens was accomplished by consulting the most updated available literature sources and followed the currently accepted nomenclature. Additionally, the specimens' original information was re-checked at this phase, comparing the label data with surviving original field books and catalgoues, in order to screen for any initial cataloguing errors. The collecting locality for each bibliographic reference was georeferenced following the GPS location available in newer publications, and then also converting to decimal degrees. When no data were available in the recent publications, we used "GEOLocate online application" (http://www.museum.tulane.edu/geolocate/) for georeferencing the locality cited . The uncertainty of georeferenced localities was recorded whenever possible. For some records it was not possible to determine the coordinates due to insufficient location information. All coordinates are given in geographic format, decimal degrees, datum WGS 84.

Collection Data

Collection Name Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol
Curatorial Units Count 968 +/- 0 specimens

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Manaças, S. (1947) Batráquios aglossos da Guiné Portuguesa. Separata dos Anais da Junta de Investigações Coloniais, Lisboa, Vol. II, Tomo III. Trabalhos da Missão Zoológica da Guiné (9): 63–69.
  2. Manaças, S. (1949) Batráquios faneroglossos da Guiné Portuguesa. Separata dos Anais da Junta de Investigações Coloniais, Lisboa, Vol. IV, Tomo IV. Trabalhos da Missão Zoológica da Guiné (21): 143–164.
  3. Manaças, S. (1950) As Explorações Zoológicas Africanas e a Batracologia. Batráquios da Guiné. Ministério das Colónias, Junta de Investigações Coloniais, Lisboa, 13 pp. pl. 1-3.
  4. Manaças, S. (1951) Batráquios Aglossos da Guiné Portuguesa. Separata das Actas da Conferência Internacional dos Africanistas Ocidentais em Bissau 1947, Lisboa, Vol. III, 2ª Parte: 289-290.
  5. Manaças, S. (1951) Sáurios da Guiné Portuguesa. Separata dos Anais da Junta de Investigações Coloniais, Lisboa, Vol. VI, Tomo IV, fascículo I. Trabalhos da Missão Zoológica da Guiné (28): 53-67.
  6. Manaças, S. (1955) Sáurios e ofídios da Guiné Portuguesa. Junta das Missões Geográficas e de Investigação Coloniais, Lisboa. Anais, Vol. X, Tomo IV, fasc. I. Trabalhos da Missão Zoológica da Guiné e do Centro de Zoologia (43): 185–213.
  7. Auliya, M., Wagner, P. and Böhme, W. (2012) The herpetofauna of the Bijagós archipelago, Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) and a first country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin, 61 (2): 255-281.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers c6e94ce4-5d25-4758-8a52-2d5ee4d520fc
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=guinea_bissau_herpetological_collection_iict