The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 64 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
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Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Carvalho P (2021): The Lichen Flora of Serra de São Mamede Natural Park. v1.2. Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=liquenes_pnssm&v=1.2
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 7795d854-baeb-4a5d-953e-5dd5cb318133. Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.
Samplingevent; occurrence; Alentejo; Lichen diversity; Serra de São Mamede Natural Park; Portugal
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Serra de São Mamede Natural Park (PNSSM), Portalegre, Alentejo, Portugal. It is located in central eastern Portugal, along the border with Spain, covering an area of 31,750 ha.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [39.139, -7.468], North East [39.414, -7.138]|
This dataset includes 1,593 occurrence records of 220 lichen taxa, being 210 species, 02 subspecies and 08 varieties within 44 families and 18 orders, as following: Acarosporales, Arthoniales, Baeomycetales, Caliciales, Candelariales, Coryneliales, Lecanorales, Lecideales, Lichinales, Mycocaliciales, Ostropales, Peltigerales, Pertusariales, Rhizocarpales, Strigulales, Teloschistales, Umbilicariales and Verrucariales.
|Class||Lecanoromycetes, Candelariomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Arthoniomycetes, Lichinomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Dothideomycetes|
|Order||Acarosporales, Caliciales, Pertusariales, Lecanorales, Teloschistales, Candelariales, Verrucariales, Arthoniales, Peltigerales, Ostropales, Lichinales, Umbilicariales, Lecideales, Rhizocarpales, Mycocaliciales, Coryneliales, Strigulales, Baeomycetales|
|Family||Acarosporaceae, Caliciaceae, Megasporaceae, Ramalinaceae, Parmeliaceae, Teloschistaceae, Candelariaceae, Verrucariaceae, Chrysotrichaceae, Cladoniaceae, Collemataceae, Pannariaceae, Lobariaceae, Graphidaceae, Lichinaceae, Physciaceae, Ophioparmaceae, Koerberiaceae, Umbilicariaceae, Lecanoraceae, Lecideaceae, Roccellaceae, Leprocaulaceae, Stereocaulaceae, Obryzaceae, Massalongiaceae, Pilocarpaceae, Nephromataceae, Ochrolechiaceae, Gyalectaceae, Peltigeraceae, Pertusariaceae, Phlyctidaceae, Placynthiaceae, Rhizocarpaceae, Fuscideaceae, Scoliciosporaceae, Catillariaceae, Sphinctrinaceae, Coryneliaceae, Strigulaceae, Mycoblastaceae, Stictidaceae, Trapeliaceae|
|Start Date / End Date||1994-09-28 / 1995-09-29|
This publication is based on the paper "The Lichen Flora of Parque Natural da Serra de São Mamede" published by Palmira Carvalho in 1997 in the journal Portugaliae - Acta Biologica. It presents sampling event data of several species of lichens collected in 64 sampling stations at Serra de São Mamede Natural Park, Alentejo, Portugal. There are 1,593 occurrences of lichen taxa in this Natural Park.
|Title||Flora liquénica do Parque Natural da Serra de São Mamede|
|Funding||The preparation of this resource for publication through GBIF was supported by Project PORBIOTA—Portuguese E-Infrastructure for Information and Research on Biodiversity (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-022127), under the Operational Thematic Program for Competitiveness and Internationalization (POCI), under the PORTUGAL 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) and FCT|
|Study Area Description||This study was carried out in 64 localities at Serra de São Mamede Natural Park, Alentejo, Portugal.|
|Design Description||This work aimed to carried out the inventory and the characterization of the lichen flora of Serra de São Mamede Natural Park.|
The personnel involved in the project:
The data was obtained from field surveys of the lichen flora carried out on Serra de São Mamede Natural Park. The floristic study consisted of collecting and identifying as many species as possible in each locality, while the vegetation study was based on phytosociological tests carried out according to the methods proposed by BRAUN-BLANQUET (1964). In each locality, different parameters were registered, as following: altitude, exposure, UTM square (1x1 km) and the substrate on which the specimens were collected. This study also based on herbarium material, previously collected in the Natural Park by C. N. Tavares and R. T. Palhinha, between 1941 and 1959.
|Study Extent||The study was carried out in 64 locations at Serra de São Mamede Natural Park (Alentejo, Portugal) from September 1994 to September 1995. In this area the altitude of the localities varied between around 300 and 1,000 meters.|
|Quality Control||All initial data was inserted in a specific relational database built specifically for the project, which implemented several quality control methods. In the preparation of the dataset for GBIF publication, data consistency was verified using cluster algorithms using OpenRefine.|
Method step description:
- The following steps were performed: - Data was extracted from the paper regarding the sampling sites and the floristic list, which resulted in two tables: events and occurrences, respectively; - The original coordinates based in European 1950 UTM system were converted to decimal degrees, expressing latitude and longitude geographic coordinates based in WGS84 datum using "MRGS to Lat Long" (http://188.8.131.52:8080/Porbiota_Web_Apps/MGRStoLatLon).
- Some lichen taxa, in the paper with a lozenge immediatelly before the scientific name from "Lista Florística", from Serra de São Mamede Natural Park were not collected by Palmira Carvalho during her field work, but were examined in herbarium. These taxa (listed below) were not included in the dataset, since it was not possible to make a correlation with the sampling events: - Aspicilia recedens (Taylor) Arnold - Buellia griseovirens (Sm.) Almb. - Candelariella coralliza (Nyl.) Magnusson - Cladonia cervicornis subsp. verticilata (Hoffm.) Ahti - Cladonia ciliata var. tenuis (Flörke) Nimis - Cladonia mediterranea Duvig. & des Abb. - Cladonia subcervicornis (Vainio) Kernst. - Collema crispum (Hudson) Wigg. - Collema cristatum (L.) Wigg. - Collema fasciculare (L.) Wigg. - Diploschistes ocellatus (Vill.) Norm. - Gyalideopsis athaloides (Nyl.) Vezda - Leptochidium albociliatum (Desm.) M. Choisy - Leptogium microphylloides Nyl. - Leptogium schraderi (Ach.) Nyl. - Miriquidica deusta (Stenh.) Hertel & Rambold - Parmotrema crinitum (Ach.) M. Choisy - Peltigera didactyla (With.) Laundon - Peltigera polydactyla (Necker) Hoffm. - Phaeophyscia chloantha (Ach. ) Moberg - Phaeophyscia nigricans (Flörke) Moberg - Physcia phaea (Tuck.) Thomson - Squamarina gypsacea (Sm.) Poelt - Sticta fuliginosa (Hoffm. ) Ach. - Thelomma siliceum (Fée) Tibell - Verrucaria nigrescens Pers.
- Event table: - In the term "verbatimElevation" the ca. symbol means 'around'. Occurrence table: - In the DwC term "scientificName", the names of the species and their respective authors may have been abbreviated differently from the paper following names as in GBIF; - In the term "associatedTaxa", whenever possible, was provided the name of the species as a substrate where the lichen was found on. This information was obtained from field observations carried out by Palmira Carvalho also pointed in the term "occurrenceRemarks"; - In the term "dynamicProperties", whenever possible was provided the information that the species was examined in herbarium (material previoulsly collected by C. N. Tavares), also results of phytogeographic analysis and ecological index (hygrophilic and photophilic) of each species. The phytogeographic analysis was based in the method proposed by WIRTH (1980), providing data of the longitudinal and latitudinal variation of the distribution of the species in Europe. The ecological floristic-vegetational data are based on the ecological indices proposed by WIRTH (1980) and NIMIS et al. (1987). The different classes are bellow: Hygrophilic index (H): 1 - Extremely hygrophilic 2 - Very hygrophilic 3 - Little hygrophilic 4 - Mesophilic 5 - Little xerophytic 6 - Very xerophytic Photophilic index (L): 1 - Very esciophilic 2 - Little esciophilic 3 - Moderately esciophilic 4 - Little photophilic 5 - Very photophilic
- - In the term "catalogNumber", whenever possible was refered to the catalogue number of the specimens hosted in the LISU collection of the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa.
- Carvalho, P. (1997). Flora liquénica do Parque Natural da Serra de S. Mamede. Portugaliae Acta Biologica (Série B). 17, 57-95.
- TAVARES, C. N. (1945a). Notes Liquénologiques - VII. Rev. Fac. Ciênc. Lisboa.
- CARVALHO, P. & JONES, M. (1997). New and interesting lichens from Portugal. Cryptogamie, Bryologie-Lichénologie 18(4): 291-294.
- CRESPO, A. & BARRENO, E. (1980). Notas breves. Cetraria iberica Crespo & barreno sp. nova. Anales Jardin Botánico de Madrid, 37 (1).
- APTROOT A., KNAAP W. O. van den & JANSEN J. (1992). Twelve new lichens for Portugal collected from Serra da Estrela. Cryptogamie, Bryologie-Lichenologie 13 (1): 71-73.
- TAVARES, C. N. (1962). Novos dados sobre o género Parmelia em Portugal. Adições e correcções. Brotéria Sér. Ciênc. Nat., 31 (1): 33-40. Lisboa.
- CODOGNO, M. & SANCHO, L. G. (1991). Distribution pattern of the lichen family Umbilicariaceae in the western Mediterranean Bassin (Iberian Peninsula, S. France, and Italy). Bot. Chron. 10: 901-910.
- SÉRUSIAUX, E. (1989). Liste Rouge des Macrolichens dans la Communauté Europeene. Centre de Recherche sur les Lichens. Belgiche
- TAVARES, C. N. (1961). Lichenes Lusitaniae Selecti Exsiccati. Inst. Bot. Univ. Olisiponensis. Fasc. 6, 4 pp. Lisboa.
- BOOM, P. P. G. van den; APTROOT, A.,KNAAP, W. O. van den. (1990). New and interesting lichen records from Portugal.. Nova Hedwigia, 50 (3,4): 463-472.
- BOOM, P. P. G. van den; GIRALT, M. (1996). Contribution to the lichen flora of Portugal. Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi. Nova Hedwigia, 61
- CARVALHO, P. (1997). Contribution to the lichen flora of Portugal. Lichens from Serra de S. Mamede Natural Park. Sauteria. 9:103-9
- TAVARES, C. N. (1965a). Lichenes Lusitaniae Selecti Exsiccati. Inst. Bot. Univ. Olisiponensis. Fasc. 4, 4 pp. Lisboa.
- TAVARES, C. N. (1965b). The genus Pannaria in Portugal. Port. Acta Biol., 8 (1): 1-16. Lisboa.
- TAVARES, C. N. (1945b). Contribuição para o estudo das Parmeliáceas Portuguesas. Port. Acta Biol., sér. B, I (1/2). Lisboa.
- TAVARES, C. N. (1944). Sobre algumas espécies dos géneros Cladonia e Physcia. Bol. Soc. Broteriana, 2ª sér.,19: 181-199. Coimbra.
- BRAUN-BLANQUET, J. (1964). Pflanzensoziologie Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. Springer. Wien, 864 pp.
- WIRTH, V. (1980). Flechtenflora. Ulmer. Stuttgart, 552 pp.
- NIMIS, P. L., MONTE, M. & TRETIACH, M. (1987). Flora e Vegetazione Lichenica di Aree Archeologiche del Lazio. Studia Geobotanica, 7: 3-61.