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A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Mar 11, 2016 Universidade dos Açores

The Azores is a remote oceanic archipelago of nine islands which belongs to the Macaronesia biogeographical region and is among the richest regions concerning fungi, plant and animal diversity in Europe. This checklist lists all the species of the most important terrestrial and marine taxonomic groups. The total number of terrestrial and marine taxa (species and subspecies) in the Azores is estimated in about 8047. The marine organisms currently listed make up about 23% of the Azorean biodiversity. The total number of terrestrial and marine endemic taxa (species and subspecies) in the Azores is estimated of about 491.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 15,256 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 15,256 records in English (2 MB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (23 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Borges, P.A.V., Costa, A., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Gonçalves, V., Martins, A.F., Melo, I., Parente, M., Raposeiro, P., Rodrigues, P., Santos, R.S., Silva, L., Vieira, P. & Vieira, V. (Eds.) (2016): A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. v1.1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=uac_checklist_acores&v=1.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: ec1a0bfb-7d8e-4c6b-bc4d-dfd68a1e844f.  Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Checklist; Azores; Animals; Vascular plants; Fungi; Lichens; Diatoms. Bryophytes; Pteridophytes; Flatworms; Earthworms; Nematodes; Molluscs; Arthropods; Vertebrates; Macroalgae

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who filled in the metadata:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who else was associated with the resource:

Author
Ana Costa
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Regina Cunha
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Vitor Gonçalves
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
António Frias Martins
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Ireneia Melo
Researcher
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa PT
Author
Manuela Parente
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Pedro Raposeiro
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Pedro Rodrigues
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Ricardo Serrão Santos
Researcher
IMAR – Instituto do Mar, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores PT
Author
Luís Silva
Researcher
CIBIO-Azores, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores PT
Paulo Vieira
Researcher
NemaLab/ICAM, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Évora PT
Virgílio Vieira
Researcher
Azorean Biodiversity Group CITA-A, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade dos Açores PT

Geographic Coverage

Azores archipelago, with distribution data at the island level for terrestrial organisms.

Bounding Coordinates South West [37, -31], North East [40, -25]

Taxonomic Coverage

The most important terrestrial taxonomic groups were studied: Fungi, Lichens, Bacillariophyta (freshwater diatoms), Bryophyta sensu lato (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), vascular plants – Tracheobionta, including Lycopodiophyta (quillworts), Pteridophyta (ferns), Pinophyta (gymnosperms) and Magnoliophyta (angiosperms), Platyhelminthes (flatworms), Nematoda (roundworms), Annelida (earthworms), Terrestrial Mollusca (slugs and snails), Arthropoda (millipedes, centipedes, mites, spiders, insects, etc.) and Vertebrata (freshwater fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals). In addition, we expand this list to the marine realm, including Algae (macroalgae), coastal invertebrates (most Phyla) and marine vertebrates (fishes, reptiles and mammals).

Kingdom  Fungi,  Animalia,  Plantae,  Chromista,  Protozoa
Phylum  Oomycota,  Zygomycota,  Ascomycota,  Basidiomycota,  Amoebozoa,  Fungi Imperfecti,  Bacillariophyta,  Anthocerotophyta,  Marchantiophyta,  Bryophyta,  Lycopodiophyta,  Pteridophyta,  Pinophyta,  Magnoliophyta,  Platyhelminthes,  Annelida,  Nematoda,  Mollusca,  Arthropoda,  Chordata,  Rhodophyta,  Chlorophyta,  Heterokontophyta,  Porifera,  Cnidaria,  Sipuncula,  Echiura,  Bryozoa,  Phoronida,  Entoprocta,  Echinodermata

Temporal Coverage

Start Date 2010-01-01

Sampling Methods

In this checklist, infra-specific categories, apart from subspecies, are not considered (i.e. varieties, forms, etc.). The current lists of the Azorean biota are based on all known published literature, as well as on some unpublished data. However, the depth of the bibliographic coverage varies from group to group, and we are aware that it is incomplete for some groups (e.g., marine invertebrates). For all terrestrial groups, species endemic to Azores or to the Macaronesia are signaled. Concerning unpublished data, several sources were checked, namely the recent work performed under Project BALA “Biodiversity of the Arthropods from the Laurissilva of the Azores” (arthropods) and individual unpublished data from contributors to this checklist. The list includes many new records for individual islands of the Azores or for the whole archipelago, but no reference is provided concerning these new findings. All information concerning taxonomic notes, new records and references to localities will be published online in the Azorean Biodiversity Portal (http://www.azoresbioportal.angra.uac.pt/) and elsewhere. All species of doubtful identification were removed from the main list.

Study Extent The distribution of all species and subspecies is given, whenever possible, for each of following Azorean island: Corvo, Flores, Faial, Pico, Graciosa, São Jorge, Terceira, São Miguel, Santa Maria. When no information concerning island occurrence was available, only the archipelago occurrence is given, as Azores. For the marine organisms, we decided not to include species distribution at island level (although this information is already available for the marine invertebrates in the Atlantis database and Azorean Biodiversity Portal) due to the small territorial coverage of published records, but also because we believe that, according to present available information, the barriers between the islands are not very effective in what concerns marine organisms dispersal.

Method step description:

  1. The dataset was prepared from the original excel files used to compile the book "A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores", by Borges et al, 2010 (see Citation). For a comprehensive description of the methodology, check the original publication using the external link provided.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Borges, P.A.V., Costa, A., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Gonçalves, V., Martins, A.F., Melo, I., Parente, M., Raposeiro, P., Rodrigues, P., Santos, R.S., Silva, L., Vieira, P. & Vieira, V. (Eds.) (2010). A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Princípia, Cascais, 432 pp. ISBN 978-989-8131-75-1

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers ec1a0bfb-7d8e-4c6b-bc4d-dfd68a1e844f
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=uac_checklist_acores