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A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Feb 1, 2017 Universidade dos Açores

This checklist includes, as rigorously as possible, all the known terrestrial and freshwater, i.e. insular, fungi, plants and animals of the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos with the indication of their known presence on the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, Desertas and Selvagens. It results from the collaborative work of many taxonomists from different Portuguese and foreign institutions (about 90 taxonomists), under the editorial coordination of the Azorean Biodiversity Group (http://www.gba.uac.pt). The total estimated number of terrestrial species and subspecies in the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos was about 7,571 (7,452 species and 421 subspecies). Fungi and plants represent about 42% of the terrestrial diversity. However, animals dominate, arthropods being the majority (51%) of all recorded taxa. The total number of endemic species and subspecies from the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos is about 1,419 (1,286 species and 182 subspecies), which represents 19% of the overall species diversity. The animal Phyla are the most diverse in endemic taxa, namely Mollusca (210) and Arthropoda (979), comprising about 84% of the Madeiran endemics. The percentage of endemism within Mollusca is particularly remarkable, reaching 71%. Within vascular plants there are 154 endemic species and subspecies (13% of the overall plant species diversity) while the remaining higher taxonomic groups are less diverse in terms of endemic forms: Fungi – 36 (5%); Lichens – 12 (2%); Bryophytes – 11 (2%); vertebrates 15 (24%).

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 12,924 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Taxon (core)
    12924
  • Distribution 
    9573

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 12,924 records in English (1,019 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (22 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM, Vieira P (2016): A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. v1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=uac_checklist_madeira&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a43ec6d8-7b8a-4868-ad74-56b824c75698.  Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Checklist; Inventory regional; Madeira; Porto Santo; Desertas; Selvagens; Animals; Vascular plants; Fungi; Lichens; Diatoms. Bryophytes; Pteridophytes; Flatworms; Earthworms; Nematodes; Molluscs; Arthropods; Vertebrates; Macroalgae

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who filled in the metadata:

Paulo Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Açores PT +351 295 402 200
http://www.uac.pt/

Who else was associated with the resource:

Editor
Cristina Abreu
Researcher
Universidade da Madeira, Dep. Biologia/CEM Alto da Penteada 9000-390 Funchal PT
Editor
António Franquinho Aguiar
Researcher
Núcleo de Entomologia, Laboratório Agrícola da Madeira Alto da Penteada 9135-372 Camacha PT
Editor
Palmira Carvalho
Researcher
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa R. da Escola Politécnica, 58 1250-102 Lisbon PT
Editor
Susana Fontinha
Researcher
Parque Natural da Madeira/CEM Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050–251 Funchal PT
Editor
Roberto Jardim
Researcher
Jardim Botânico da Madeira Caminho do Meio 9064-512 Funchal PT
Editor
Ireneia Melo
Researcher
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa R. da Escola Politécnica, 58 1250-102 Lisbon PT
Editor
Paulo Oliveira
Researcher
Parque Natural da Madeira/CEM Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050–251 Funchal PT
Editor
Miguel Menezes de Sequeira
Researcher
Universidade da Madeira, Dep. Biologia/CEM Alto da Penteada 9000-390 Funchal PT
Editor
Cecília Sérgio
Researcher
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa R. da Escola Politécnica, 58 1250-102 Lisbon PT
Editor
Artur Serrano
Researcher
Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Departamento de Biologia Animal R. Ernesto de Vasconcelos, Ed. C2, 2o Piso, Campo Grande 1749-016 Lisbon PT
Editor
Manuela Sim-Sim
Researcher
Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências (DBV – Dep. de Biologia Vegetal), CBA – Centro de Biologia Ambiental R. Ernesto de Vasconcelos, Ed. C2, Campo Grande 1749-016 Lisbon PT
Editor
Paulo Vieira
Researcher
NemaLab/ICAM, Dep. de Biologia, Universidade de Évora Universidade de Évora 7002-554 Lisbon PT

Geographic Coverage

The geographic scope of this checklist includes the Madeira archipelago, composed of two large islands (Madeira and Porto Santo) and three small islands, which are globally named Desertas (Ilhéu Chão, Deserta Grande and Bugio), and the archipelago of Selvagens with two small islands (Selvagem Grande and Selvagem Pequena) and one islet (Ilhéu de Fora).

Bounding Coordinates South West [32.24, -18.16], North East [33.07, -16.16]

Taxonomic Coverage

The most important terrestrial taxonomic groups were studied: Fungi, Lichens, Bryophyta (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), Pteridophyta (ferns), Spermatophyta (gymnosperms and angiosperms), Platyhelminthes (flatworms), Nematoda (roundworms), Annelida (earthworms), Mollusca (slugs and snails), Arthropoda (millipedes, centipedes, mites, spiders, insects, etc.) and Vertebrata (freshwater fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals).

Kingdom  Fungi,  Animalia,  Plantae,  Chromista,  Protozoa
Phylum  Chordata,  Annelida,  Platyhelminthes,  Nematoda,  Mollusca,  Arthropoda,  Oomycota,  Ascomycota,  Basidiomycota,  Glomeromycota,  Zygomycota,  Myxomycota,  Bryophyta,  Pteridophyta,  Spermatophyta

Temporal Coverage

Start Date 2008-06-01

Sampling Methods

In this checklist, infra-specific categories, apart from subspecies, are not considered (i.e. varieties, forms, etc.). The list of taxa is based on the taxa recognized in primary published literature sources, compiled by a vast group of experts. Only terrestrial organisms are considered in this list.

Study Extent The study extent of this checklist includes the Madeira archipelago, composed of two large islands (Madeira and Porto Santo) and three small islands, which are globally named Desertas (Ilhéu Chão, Deserta Grande and Bugio), and the archipelago of Selvagens with two small islands (Selvagem Grande and Selvagem Pequena) and one islet (Ilhéu de Fora). Distribution is given, whenever available, at the level of the four main geographic units: Madeira Island, Porto Santo Island, Desertas and Selvagens. If no information is available, distribution is given as Madeira Archipelago.

Method step description:

  1. The dataset was prepared from the original excel files used to compile the book "A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos", by Borges et al, 2008 (see Citation). For a comprehensive description of the methodology, check the original publication using the external link provided.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Borges, P.A.V., Abreu, C., Aguiar, A.M.F., Carvalho, P., Jardim, R., Melo, I., Oliveira, P., Sérgio, C., Serrano, A.R.M. & Vieira, P. (eds.) (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo, 440 pp. ISBN: 978-989-95790-0-2

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers a43ec6d8-7b8a-4868-ad74-56b824c75698
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=uac_checklist_madeira