This checklist includes, as rigorously as possible, all the known terrestrial and freshwater, i.e. insular, fungi, plants and animals of the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos with the indication of their known presence on the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, Desertas and Selvagens. It results from the collaborative work of many taxonomists from different Portuguese and foreign institutions (about 90 taxonomists), under the editorial coordination of the Azorean Biodiversity Group (http://www.gba.uac.pt). The total estimated number of terrestrial species and subspecies in the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos was about 7,571 (7,452 species and 421 subspecies). Fungi and plants represent about 42% of the terrestrial diversity. However, animals dominate, arthropods being the majority (51%) of all recorded taxa. The total number of endemic species and subspecies from the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos is about 1,419 (1,286 species and 182 subspecies), which represents 19% of the overall species diversity. The animal Phyla are the most diverse in endemic taxa, namely Mollusca (210) and Arthropoda (979), comprising about 84% of the Madeiran endemics. The percentage of endemism within Mollusca is particularly remarkable, reaching 71%. Within vascular plants there are 154 endemic species and subspecies (13% of the overall plant species diversity) while the remaining higher taxonomic groups are less diverse in terms of endemic forms: Fungi – 36 (5%); Lichens – 12 (2%); Bryophytes – 11 (2%); vertebrates 15 (24%).
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 12,924 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM, Vieira P (2016): A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. v1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=uac_checklist_madeira&v=1.0
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a43ec6d8-7b8a-4868-ad74-56b824c75698. Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.
Checklist; Inventory regional; Madeira; Porto Santo; Desertas; Selvagens; Animals; Vascular plants; Fungi; Lichens; Diatoms. Bryophytes; Pteridophytes; Flatworms; Earthworms; Nematodes; Molluscs; Arthropods; Vertebrates; Macroalgae
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The geographic scope of this checklist includes the Madeira archipelago, composed of two large islands (Madeira and Porto Santo) and three small islands, which are globally named Desertas (Ilhéu Chão, Deserta Grande and Bugio), and the archipelago of Selvagens with two small islands (Selvagem Grande and Selvagem Pequena) and one islet (Ilhéu de Fora).
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [32.24, -18.16], North East [33.07, -16.16]|
The most important terrestrial taxonomic groups were studied: Fungi, Lichens, Bryophyta (mosses, liverworts and hornworts), Pteridophyta (ferns), Spermatophyta (gymnosperms and angiosperms), Platyhelminthes (flatworms), Nematoda (roundworms), Annelida (earthworms), Mollusca (slugs and snails), Arthropoda (millipedes, centipedes, mites, spiders, insects, etc.) and Vertebrata (freshwater fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals).
|Kingdom||Fungi, Animalia, Plantae, Chromista, Protozoa|
|Phylum||Chordata, Annelida, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Oomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Glomeromycota, Zygomycota, Myxomycota, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Spermatophyta|
In this checklist, infra-specific categories, apart from subspecies, are not considered (i.e. varieties, forms, etc.). The list of taxa is based on the taxa recognized in primary published literature sources, compiled by a vast group of experts. Only terrestrial organisms are considered in this list.
|Study Extent||The study extent of this checklist includes the Madeira archipelago, composed of two large islands (Madeira and Porto Santo) and three small islands, which are globally named Desertas (Ilhéu Chão, Deserta Grande and Bugio), and the archipelago of Selvagens with two small islands (Selvagem Grande and Selvagem Pequena) and one islet (Ilhéu de Fora). Distribution is given, whenever available, at the level of the four main geographic units: Madeira Island, Porto Santo Island, Desertas and Selvagens. If no information is available, distribution is given as Madeira Archipelago.|
Method step description:
- The dataset was prepared from the original excel files used to compile the book "A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos", by Borges et al, 2008 (see Citation). For a comprehensive description of the methodology, check the original publication using the external link provided.
- Borges, P.A.V., Abreu, C., Aguiar, A.M.F., Carvalho, P., Jardim, R., Melo, I., Oliveira, P., Sérgio, C., Serrano, A.R.M. & Vieira, P. (eds.) (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo, 440 pp. ISBN: 978-989-95790-0-2