Checklist of the benthic marine algae of the Azores archipelago

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Mar 23, 2021 Universidade dos Açores

Background The macroalgal flora of the Azores archipelago has attracted the interest of many researchers in the past, the first publications going back to the nineteenth century. Initial studies were mainly taxonomic, resulting in the publication of species lists, which were compiled by Neto (1994) in the first checklist of the Azorean benthic marine algae. Later, research directed at the benthic marine macroalgae and littoral communities, encompassing presence and occurrence data recorded at littoral and sublittoral levels down to a depth of approximately 40 m around the islands, has resulted in floristic, taxonomic and ecological publications, academic thesis, and technical reports (see revision in Neto et al. 2014 and Haroun et al. 2019). Most of this recent research also resulted in voucher specimens deposited in the AZB Herbarium Ruy Telles Palhinha and the LSM - Molecular Systematics Laboratory, both at the Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of the Azores.

New information A total of 498 taxa (including species, subspecies, varieties and forms) are recorded, comprising 331 Rhodophyta, 75 Chlorophyta 92 Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae). Of the 417 likely native taxa, 8 are Azorean endemics (5 Rhodophyta, Lithophyllum azorum Me.Lemoine, Lithophyllum bipartitum Me.Lemoine, Polysiphonia azorica O.C.Schmidt, Polysiphonia hochstetteriana O.C.Schmidt and Predaea feldmannii subsp. azorica Gabriel, and 3 Chlorophyta, Cladophora michalensis O.C.Schmidt, Cladophora theotonii O.C.Schmidt and Cladophora weizenbaurii O.C.Schmidt) and6 are Macaronesian endemics (5 Rhodophyta, Botryocladia macaronesica Afonso-Carrillo, Sobrino, Tittley & Neto, Laurencia viridis Gil-Rodríguez & Haroun, Meristotheca decumbens Grunow, Millerella tinerfensis (Seoane-Camba) S.M.Boo & J.M.Rico, Phyllophora gelidioides P.Crouan & H.Crouan ex Karsakoff and the Chlorophyta Codium elisabethiae O.C.Schmidt). In addition, about 39 taxa have been introduced (30 Rhodophyta, 3 Chlorophyta and 6 Ochrophyta) and 42 have an uncertain status for the region (27 Rhodophyta, 8 Chlorophyta and 7 Ochrophyta).

Introduction The marine benthic macroalgae of the Azores soon attracted the interest of researchers and naturalists. Research on the subject started in the mid nineteenth century (1838) when Guthnick and the two Hochstetters, father and son, visited the archipelago (Neto 1994). These initial taxonomic studies were followed by several other visitors, including the German botanist Otto Christian Schmidt, who was responsible for the first comprehensive ecological approach to the Azorean algal flora, describing species associations and their spatial organization (Schmidt, 1931). More recently research expanded to include studies on species biology, ecology, and the structure and functioning of intertidal and shallow subtidal communities. The first checklist of the Azorean benthic marine algae (Neto, 1994) brought together the resulting floristic information, providing distributional records within the archipelago for the 307 reported species. This checklist was revised by Parente (2010), increasing the number of algae species to 327, but without providing distributional information. A year later Rosas-Alquicira et al. (2011a) published a catalog of non-fossil geniculate coralline red algae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) of the Macaronesia in which they made a critical review of species and infraspecific taxa and an assessment of the species diversity in the region. Investigations on algae biodiversity, biogeography, conservation, ecology, taxonomy and biotechnological applications have continued generating knowledge on the Azorean macroalgae flora, its biotechnological potential and the structure and functioning of littoral communities (see revisions by Neto et al. 2014 and Haroun et al. 2019). The paper by Freitas et al. (2019) compiled the published floristic data, increased the number of macroalgae species recorded for the Azores to 405 and reported that, amongst the mid-Atlantic archipelagos, the Azores is second in species richness after the Canary Islands, with 689 species, and followed by Madeira (396), Cabo Verde (333) and Selvagens (295 species). In the last few years, a major effort, mainly by local research teams, has resulted in several publications on the Azorean benthic macroalgae (see, for example, Patarra et al. 2017, 2019, 2020, Bruno de Sousa et al. 2019, Cacabelos et al. 2019, 2020, Freitas et al. 2019, Kellaris et al. 2019, Martins et al. 2019a, Parente et al. 2019, 2020, Faria et al. 2020a, b, Neto et al. 2020a, b, c, d, e, f, g, 2021a, b, Vieira et al. 2020).

Purpose: The present paper aims to give an updated, systematic review of the red, green and brown benthic marine macroalgae of the Azores, bringing together all the published information to date (including the currently accepted taxon names and all the previous bibliographic records for the region) and compiling general information on each species’ occurrence and distribution in the archipelago. By doing this, it contributes to address several biodiversity shortfalls (see Cardoso et al. 2011, Hortal et al. 2015), namely the need to catalogue the Azorean macroalgae (Linnean shortfall) and to improve current information on their local and regional geographic distribution (Wallacean shortfall). This paper also aims to provide a valuable marine biological tool to aid research on the systematics, diversity and conservation, climate change, which will be of assistance to a wide range of focal groups including academics, students, governments, private organizations and the general public.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,182 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Taxon (core)
    1182
  • Distribution 
    6866

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,182 records in English (138 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (78 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (70 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Neto A I, Moreu I, Cacabelos E, Parente M I (2021): Checklist of the benthic marine algae of the Azores archipelago. v1.1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=chkl_azores_macroalgae&v=1.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: be414695-e3be-467f-9f61-5ef62484339a.  Universidade dos Açores publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Portugal.

Keywords

Benthic macroalgae; Azores; checklist; new records; endemism; native; uncertain; introduced.; Globalspeciesdataset

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
Ignacio Moreu
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/Ignacio_Moreu_Badia
Eva Cacabelos
Postdoctoral fellow
MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI) Edif. Madeira Tecnopolo, Piso 2, Caminho da Penteada 9020-105 Funchal Madeira PT +351910354122
https://www.mare-centre.pt/pt/user/7945
Manuela I. Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto

Who filled in the metadata:

Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
Manuela I. Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso

Who else was associated with the resource:

Author
Ana Isabel Neto
Associate professor with aggregation
Universidade dos Açores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Biologia and Grupo de Investigação Aquática Insular, IBBC-GBA/cE3c Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650567
http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/anaisabelneto
Content Provider
Manuela I. Parente
Researcher
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores Rua da Mãe de Deus, 13-A 9500-321 Ponta Delgada São Miguel, Açores PT +351296650000
https://cibio.up.pt/people/details/macardoso

Geographic Coverage

Azores, Portugal (approximately -24°59'17" to -31°17'42" longitude and 36°53'2" to 39°44'13" latitude).

Bounding Coordinates South West [36.884, -31.295], North East [39.737, -24.988]

Taxonomic Coverage

In total, 498 taxa (including species, subspecies, varieties and forms) are listed belonging to 37 orders and 92 families, distributed among the phyla Rhodophyta (21 orders and 53 families), Chlorophyta (4 orders and 18 families), and Ochrophyta (12 orders and 21 families).

Phylum  Rhodophyta (Red algae),  Chlorophyta (Green algae),  Ochrophyta (Brown algae)
Class  Bangiophyceae,  Florideophyceae,  Ulvophyceae,  Phaeophyceae

Temporal Coverage

Living Time Period 1838 - 2021

Project Data

Aimed to improve the knowledge of the benthic macroalgae flora of the Azores, the present publication presents an updated, systematic review of the red, green and brown benthic marine algae of the Azores, using the currently accepted taxon names and including all the previous bibliographic records for the region. Information on each species distribution in each island of the archipelago is also provided.

Title Checklist of the benthic marine algae of the Azores archipelago
Identifier Checklist of the Azorean Benthic Marine Algae
Funding This study was mainly financed by: o Portuguese National Funds, through FCT – the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation, within the projects UID/BIA/00329/2020-2023 and UID/BIA/50027/2019, UID/BIA/50027/2013-2020; o European Regional Development funds ERDF (85%) and regional funds (15%), through the Operational Programme Azores 2020, within the scope of the project “ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072”.
Study Area Description The Azores archipelago (approximately -24°59'17" to -31°17'42" longitude and 36°53'2" to 39°44'13" latitude), comprises nine volcanic islands and several small islets organised in three separate groups (eastern, central and western), spread over 500 km in a WNW–ESE direction. Emerging from the Azores Plateau, the archipelago is located above an active triple junction between three of the world's largest tectonic plates (the North American Plate, the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, Hildenbrand et al. 2014). Its climate is influenced by the surrounding ocean and characterised by regular rainfall, medium levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons (Morton et al. 1998). The coastal topology is mainly composed of high, steep cliffs with a variety of stack, arch and gully formations due to the erosion associated with the maritime agitation. With the exception of some sheltered bays, coastal lagoons and harbours, most seashores are subject to swell and surge most of the year (Neto et al. 2005). A few sandy beaches occur in some of the islands (Wallenstein et al. 2009d). The coastal extension is restricted, with deep waters occurring within a few kilometers offshore and th tidal range is small (< 2 m) (Hidrográfico 1981). Intertidal and shallow subtidal communities are primarily dominated by macroalgae. Intertidally there is a predominance of turf forming species that share the rocks with littorinids, chthamalid barnacles and limpets (Wallenstein et al. 2009b). A few frondose algal species occur at the mid-intertidal level (e.g. Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, Gelidium microdon Kützing). The lowest levels, establishing the transition to the subtidal area, are mainly covered by frondose algae (e.g. Gongolaria abies-marina (S.G.Gmelin) Kuntze), Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand, Ellisolandia elongata (J.Ellis & Solander) K.R.Hind & G.W.Saunders). The rocky bottoms of the adjacent submerged zone are mainly covered by frondose macrophytes (Neto 2001, Wallenstein et al. 2009d) such as the red algae Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan, Ellisolandia elongata, Jania spp., Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) P.S.Dixon, Pterocladiella capillacea, and Sphaerococcus coronopifolius Stackhouse, and the brown algae Dictyopteris polypodioides (A.P.De Candolle) J.V.Lamouroux, Dictyota spp., Halopteris scoparia (Linnaeus) Sauvageau, and Zonaria tournefortii (J.V.Lamouroux) Montagne.
Design Description The present paper is based on a thorough revision of the available literature (e.g. floristic, taxonomic and ecological publications and academic thesis) which cover the whole floristic information available for the region since 1838.

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

Not aplicable.

Study Extent The present publication includes data from all the Azores during the period from 1838 to 2021.
Quality Control All data and references were doubled checked by at least two of the authors.

Method step description:

  1. The systematic list encompasses all records of benthic macroalgae listed for the archipelago of the Azores belonging to the phyla Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta and Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae). Cyanobacteria were not considered because of the scarcity of available data. Systematic arrangement, nomenclature and taxonomic status follow Guiry & Guiry (2021). Orders, families, genera and species are alphabetically arranged within each phylum. For each species references are organized according to the islands where the material was collected. The status of endemic, uncertain or introduced to the region is included when applicable.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Abecasis, R. C., Afonso, P., Colaço, A., Longnecker, N., Clifton, J., Schmidt, L. & Santos, R. S., 2015. Marine Conservation in the Azores: Evaluating Marine Protected Area Development in a Remote Island Context. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2: 1–16, doi:10.3389/fmars.2015.00104. doi:10.3389/fmars.2015.00104
  2. Afonso-Carrillo, J., Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Boisset, F., Sobrino, C., Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 2006. Botryocladia chiajeana and Botryocladia macaronesica sp. nov. (Rhodymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Mediterranean and the eastern Atlantic, with a discussion on the closely related genus Irvinea. Phycologia, 45(3): 277-292.
  3. Agardh, J. G., 1870. Om de under Korvetten Josephines expedition, sistliden sommar, insamlade Algerne. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm, 4: 359-366.
  4. Álvaro, N. V., Wallenstein, F. M., Neto, A. I., Nogueira, E. M., Ferreira, J., Santos, C. I. & Amaral, A. F., 2008. The use of digital photography for the definition of coastal biotopes in Azores. Hydrobiologia, 596 (1): 143-152.
  5. Amat, J. N., Cardigos, F. & Santos, R. S. (2008). The recent northern introduction of the seaweed Caulerpa webbiana (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in Faial, Azores Islands (north-eastern Atlantic). Aquatic Invasions, 3(4): 417-422.
  6. Amen, R. G., Neto, A. I. & Azevedo, J. M. N. 2005. Coralline-algal framework in the Quaternary of Prainha (Santa Maria Island, Azores). Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 63-70.
  7. Amorim, P., Atchoia, E., Berecibarb, E. & Tempera, F., 2015. Infralittoral mapping around an oceanic archipelago using MERIS FR satellite imagery and deep kelp observations: A new tool for assessing MPA coverage targets. Journal of Sea Research, 100: 141-151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2014.10.002.
  8. Ardré. F., Boudouresque, C. -F & Cabioch J., 1973. Note préliminaire sur la mission "BioAçores" du N. O. Jean Charcot (Algologie). Bulletin de la Société Phycologique de France, 18: 30-32.
  9. Ardré. F., Boudouresque, C. -F & Cabioch J., 1974. Symphyocladia marchatioides (Harv.) Falkenberg (Rhodomélacées. Ceramiales) aux Açores. Bulletin de la Societé Phycologique de France, 19: 178-182.
  10. Athanasiadis, A., 1990. Evolutionary biogeography of the North Atlantic Antithamnioid Algae Pp. 219-240. In: Garbary, D. G. & G. R. South (Eds.) Evolutionary biogeography of the marine algae of the North Atlantic. NATO ASI Series, G22. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  11. Athanasiadis, A., 2009. Typification of Antithamnion nipponicum Yamada et Inagaki (Antithamnieae, Ceramioideae, Ceramiaceae, Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina, 52(3): 256-261, 12 figs.
  12. Athanasiadis, A. & Neto, A. I., 2010. On the occurrence of Mesophyllum expansum (Philippi) Cabioch et Mendoza (Melobesioideae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Isles and the Azores. Botanica marina, 53(4): 333-341.
  13. Ávila, S. P., Cardigos, F., & Santos, R. S., 2004. D. João de Castro Bank, a shallow water hydrothermal-vent in the Azores: checklist of the marine molluscs. Arquipélago-Life and Marine Sciences, 21A: 75-80.
  14. Barreto, M. C., Mendonça, E., Gouveia, V., et al., 2012. Macroalgae from S. Miguel Island as a potential source of antiproliferative and antioxidant products. Arquipélago-Life and Marine Sciences, 29: 53-58.
  15. Barreto, M. C., Seca, A. M. L., Costa, A. C., Neto, A l., Simões, N., 2014. Potencial biotecnológico do mar dos Açores. Boletim de Biotecnologia, Sociedade Portuguesa de Biotecnologia, Série 2(5): 14-15.
  16. Bertocci, I., Arenas, F., Cacabelos, E., Martins, G. M., Seabra, M. I., Álvaro, N. V., Fernandes, J. N., Gaião, R., Mamede, N., Mulas, M. & Neto, A. I., 2017. Nowhere safe? Exploring the influence of urbanization across mainland and insular seashores in continental Portugal and the Azorean Archipelago. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 114(2): 644-655, DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.10.045. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.10.045
  17. Botelho, A. Z., Dionísio, M. A., Cunha, A., Torres, P., Monteiro, S., Geraldes, D., ... & Costa, A. C., 2010. Contributo para a inventariação da biodiversidade marinha da Ilha de Santa Maria. XIV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Santa Maria 2009, Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade dos Açores, 36: 75-87.
  18. Brodie, J., Walker, R. H., Williamson, C. & Irvine, L. M., 2013. Epitypification and redescription of Corallina officinalis L., the type of the genus, and C. elongata Ellis et Solander (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 34(1): 49-56.
  19. Bruno de Sousa, C., Cox, C. J., Brito, L., Pavão, M. M., Pereira, H., Ferreira, A., Ginja, C., Campino, L., Bermejo, R., Parente, M. & Varela, J., 2019. Improved phylogeny of brown algae Cystoseira (Fucales) from the Atlantic-Mediterranean region based on mitochondrial sequences. PloS one, 14(1): e0210143.
  20. Bullock, R. C., Turner, R. D. & Fralick, R. A., 1990. Species richness and diversity of algal-associated micromolluscan communities from São Miguel, Açores. Açoreana Suplemento I: 39-58.
  21. Cacabelos, E., Cordeiro, R., Sánchez, R., Busquier, L., Mosquera, R., Neto, A. I. & Ávila, S., 2018. First record of Eatonina fulgida (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Azores Archipelago (NE Atlantic Ocean). Cahiers de Biologie Marine 59: 623-627, DOI:10.21411/CBM.A.C425356B.
  22. Cacabelos, E., Faria, J., Martins, G. M., Mir, C., Parente, M. I., Gabriel, D., Sánchez, R., Altamirano, M., Costa, A. C., Prud'homme van Reine, W. F. & Neto, A. I., 2019. First record of Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V. Lamouroux in the Azores. Botanica Marina 62(2): 155-160, https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2018-0075.
  23. Cacabelos, E., Martins, G. M., Faria, J., Prestes, A. C. L., Costa, T., Moreu, I. & Neto, A. I., 2020. Limited effects of marine protected areas on the distribution of invasive species, despite positive effects on diversity in shallow-water marine communities. Biological Invasions, 22 (3): 1169-1179, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02171-x.
  24. Cacabelos, E., Martins, G. M., Thompson, R., Prestes, A. C., Azevedo, J. M. N. & Neto, A. I., 2016. Factors limiting the establishment of canopy-forming algae on artificial structures. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 181: 277-283, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2016.08.036.
  25. Cardigos, F., Colaço, A., Dando, P. R., Ávila, S. P., Sarradin, P. M., Tempera, F., ... & Santos, R. S., 2005. Shallow water hydrothermal vent field fluids and communities of the D. João de Castro Seamount (Azores). Chemical Geology, 224(1-3): 153-168.
  26. Cardigos, F., Monteiro, J., Fontes, J., Parretti, P. & Santos, R. S., 2015. Fighting invasions in the marine realm, a case study with Caulerpa webbiana in the Azores. In J. Canning-Clode (Ed.), Biological Invasions in Changing Ecosystems, pp. 279-300. Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter Open Poland. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110438666-018.
  27. Cardigos, F., Tempera, F., Ávila, S., Gonçalves, J., Colaço, A. & Santos, R. S., 2006. Nonindigenous marine species of the Azores. Helgoland Marine Research, 60: 160-169.
  28. Cardoso, P., Erwin, T., Borges, P. V. & New, T., 2011. The seven impediments in invertebrate conservation and how to overcome them. Biological Conservation, 144 (11): 2647-2655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.07.024.
  29. Castro, M. L., & Viegas, M. C., 1987. Contribuição para o estudo da zona intertidal (substrato rochoso) da ilha de São Miguel-Açores. Fácies de Corallina elongata Ellis & Solander. Resultados preliminares. Cuadernos Marisqueros, 11: 59-69.
  30. Chainho, P., Fernandes, A., Amorim, A., Ávila, S.P., Canning-Clode, J., Castro, J. J., Costa, A. C., Costa, J. L., Cruz, T., Gollasch, S., Grazziotin-Soares, C., Melo, R., Micael, J., Parente, M. I., Semedo, J., Silva, T., Sobral, D., Sousa, M., Torres, P., Veloso, V. & Costa, M. J., 2015. Non-indigenous species in portuguese coastal areas, coastal lagoons, estuaries and islands. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 167: 199-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.06.019.
  31. Cho, T., Yeon Won, B. & Fredericq, S., 2005. Antithamnion nipponicum (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta), incorrectly known as A. pectinatum in western Europe, is a recent introduction along the North Carolina and Pacific coasts of North America. European journal of phycology, 40(4): 323-335.
  32. Colaço, A., Raghukumar, C., Mohandass, C., Cardigos, F. & Santos, R. S., 2006. Effect of shallow-water venting in Azores on a few marine biota. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 47(4): 359.
  33. Couto, R. P., Neto, A. I. & Rodrigues, A. S., 2010. Metal concentration and structural changes in Corallina elongata (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) from hydrothermal vents. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(4): 509-514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.11.014.
  34. Couto, R. P., Rodrigues, A. S. & Neto, A. I., 2015. Shallow-water hydrothermal vents in the Azores (Portugal). Journal of Integrated Coastal Zone Management [Revista da Gestão Costeira Integrada], 15(3), https://doi.org/10.5894/rgci584.
  35. Couto, R. P., Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Rodrigues, A. S. & Neto, A. I., 2011. Choreonema thuretii and Pneophyllum confervicola (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), new records of coralline algae for the Azores. Cryptogamie, Algologie, 32(3): 293-299.
  36. Couto, R. P., Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Rodrigues, A. S. & Neto, A. I., 2014. The genus Ellisolandia (Corallinaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the Azores (NE Atlantic): character expression and taxonomic evaluation. Phytotaxa, 190(1): 5-16.
  37. Coyer, J. A., Hoarau, G., Costa, J. F., Hogerdijk, B., Serrão, E. A., Billard, E., ... & Olsen, J. L., 2011. Evolution and diversification within the intertidal brown macroalgae Fucus spiralis/F. vesiculosus species complex in the North Atlantic. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 58(2): 283-296.
  38. Drouët, H., 1866. Catalogue de la flore des Îles Açores: précédé de l'itinéraire d'un voyage dans cet archipel. Mémoires de la Sociélé Académique de I'Aube, 30: 81-233.
  39. Faria, J., Navas, D., Prestes, A. C. L., Cacabelos, E., Moreu, I., Martins, G. M., Pereira, L. &Neto, A. I., 2020a. A guide for harvesting practices of macroalgae in Azores (NE Atlantic): The project ASPAZOR and the case study of Asparagopsis spp., Azorean Biodiversity Group- Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (ABG-cE3c), 47 p., DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29603.48167, LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/5594.
  40. Faria, J., Navas, D., Prestes, A. C. L., Cacabelos, E., Moreu, I., Martins, G. M., Pereira, L. &Neto, A. I., 2020b. Guia de boas práticas para a apanha de algas nos Açores - O projeto ASPAZOR e o caso-estudo de Asparagopsis spp., Azorean Biodiversity Group- Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (ABG-cE3c), 15 p., DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21298.84165, LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/5595.
  41. Fralick, R. A. & Hehre, E., 1990. Observations on the marine algal flora of the Azores II: an annotated checklist of the Chlorophycota from the Azores. Arquipélago-Life and Earth Sciences, 8: 11-17.
  42. Fralick, R. A., Hehre, E. & Mathieson, A., 1985. Observations on the marine algal flora of the Azores I: notes of the epizoic algae occurring on the marine molluscs Patella spp. Arquipélago-Série Ciências da Natureza, 6: 39-43.
  43. Fredericq, S., Serrão, E. & Norris, J. N., 1992. New records of red algae from the Azores. Arquipélago-Life and Marine Sciences, 10: 1-4.
  44. Freitas, R., Romeiras, M., Silva, L., Cordeiro, R., Madeira, P., González, J. A., Wirtz, P., Falcón, J. M., Brito, A., Floeter, S. R., Afonso, P., Porteiro, F., Viera-Rodríguez, M. A., Neto, A. I., Haroun, R., Farminhão, J. N. M., Rebelo, A. C., Baptista, L., Melo, C. S., Martínez, A., Núñez, J., Berning, B., Johnson, M. E. & Ávila, S. P., 2019. Restructuring of the ‘Macaronesia’ biogeographic unit: A marine multi-taxon biogeographical approach. Scientific Reports, 9, 15792, http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51786-6.
  45. Gabriel, D., Micael, J., Parente, M. I. & Costa, A. C., 2014. Adaptation of macroalgal indexes to evaluate the ecological quality of coastal waters in oceanic islands with subtropical influence: the Azores (Portugal). Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada-Journal of Integrated Coastal Zone Management, 14(2): 175-184.
  46. Gabriel, D., Parente, M. I., Neto, A. I., Raposo, M., Schils, T. & Fredericq, S., 2010. Phylogenetic appraisal of the genus Platoma (Nemastomatales, Rhodophyta), including life history and morphological observations on P. cyclocolpum from the Azores. Phycologia, 49(1): 2-21.
  47. Gabriel, D., Schils, T., Neto, A. I., Paramio, L. & Fredericq, S., 2009. Predaea feldmannii subsp. azorica (Nemastomataceae, Nemastomatales), a new subspecies of red algae (Rhodophyta) from the Azores. Cryptogamie, Algologie, 30(3): 251-270.
  48. Gabriel, D., Schils, T., Parente, M. I., Draisma, S. G., Neto, A. I. & Fredericq, S., 2011. Taxonomic studies in the Schizymeniaceae (Nemastomatales, Rhodophyta): on the identity of Schizymenia sp. in the Azores and the generic placement of Nemastoma confusum. Phycologia, 50(2): 109-121.
  49. Gabriel, D., Schmidt, W. E., Krayesky, D. M., Harris, D. J. & Fredericq, S., 2015. The crustose red algal genus Peyssonnelia (Peyssonneliales, Rhodophyta) in the Azores: from five to one species. Arquipélago-Life and Marine Sciences, 32: 1-9.
  50. Gain, L., 1914. Algues provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle II (1911-1912). Bulletin de l’Institute Océanografique du Monaco, 279: 1-23.
  51. Gaspar, R., Pereira, L. & Sousa-Pinto, I., 2019. The seaweed resources of Portugal. Botanica Marina, 62(5): 499-526, https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2019-0012.
  52. Gil-Rodríguez, M. C. & Haroun, R., 1992. Laurencia viridis sp. nov. (Ceramiales, Rhodomelaceae) from the Macaronesian Archipelagos. Botanica Marina, 35: 227-237.
  53. Gollasch, S., 2007. Status of Introductions of Non-indigenous Marine Species to the North Atlantic and Adjacent Waters 1992-2002: Ten-year Summary of National Reports Considered at Meetings of the Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms (No. 284). ICES, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11822/2065.
  54. Gouveia, V. L., Seca, A. M., Barreto, M. C., Neto, A. I., Kijjoa, A., & Silva, A. M., 2013. Cytotoxic meroterpenoids from the macroalga Cystoseira abies-marina. Phytochemistry Letters, 6(4): 593-597.
  55. Guiry, M. D. & Guiry, G. M., 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on march, 3.
  56. Haroun R, Machín-Sánchez, M., Neto, A. I. & Viera-Rodríguez, M. A., 2019. A review of current uses and new biotechnological roads for the seaweed resources of the Macaronesian region (Central-east Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Applied Phycology, 31 (6): 3777–3790, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-019-01889-4.
  57. Hawkins, S.J., Burnay, L.P., Neto, A. I., Tristão da Cunha, R. & Martins, A.F., 1990. A description of the zonation patterns of molluscs and other important biota on the south coast of São Miguel, Azores. In: Martins AMF (Ed.), The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Azores (Proceedings of the First International Workshop of Malacology, São Miguel, 1988), pp: 21-38. Açoreana, Supplement.
  58. Hernandez-Kantun, J. J., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Grall, J., Adey, W., Rindi, F., Maggs, C. A., Bárbara, I. & Peña V., 2017. North Atlantic Rhodolith Beds, pp. 265-279. In: Riosmena-Rodríguez R., Nelson W., Aguirre J. (eds) Rhodolith/Maërl Beds: A Global Perspective. Coastal Research Library, vol 15. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29315-8_10.
  59. Hidrográfico, I (Ed.), 1981. Roteiro do Arquipélago dos Açores. PUB. (N) -lli-128-SN, Lisboa.
  60. Hildenbrand, A., Weis, D., Madureira, P. & Marques, F. O., 2014. Recent plate re-organization at the Azores Triple Junction: Evidence from combined geochemical and geochronological data on Faial, S. Jorge and Terceira volcanic Islands, Lithos, 210–211: 27–39, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2014.09.009.
  61. Hortal, J., de Bello, F., Diniz-Filho, J. A. F., Lewinsohn, T. M., Lobo, J. M. & Ladle, R. J., 2015. Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 46: 523-549, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054400.
  62. Johnson, M. E., Ledesma-Vázquez, J., Ramalho, R. S., Silva, C. M., Rebelo, A. C., Santos, A., Baarli, B. G., Mayoral, E. & Cachão M., 2017. Taphonomic Range and Sedimentary Dynamics of Modern and Fossil Rhodolith Beds: Macaronesian Realm (North Atlantic Ocean), pp. 221-261. In: Riosmena-Rodríguez R., Nelson W., Aguirre J. (eds) Rhodolith/Maërl Beds: A Global Perspective. Coastal Research Library, vol 15. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29315-8_9
  63. Kellaris, A., Gil, A., Faria, J., Amaral, R., Badia, I.M., Neto, A.I. & Yesson, C., 2019. Using low-cost drones to monitor heterogeneous submerged seaweed habitats: a case study in the Azores. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29: 1909-1922, https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.3189.
  64. Larkum, A. W., 1960. Botany (Algae). Azores Expedition 1959. Final Report. The Exploration Board. Imperial College of Science and Technology, London: 120-127.
  65. León-Cisneros, K., Nogueira, E. M., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., & Neto, A. I., 2011. Life-cycle of Scinaia interrupta (Nemaliales; Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology, 23 (3): 467-437, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-010-9605-8.
  66. Léon-Cisneros, K., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., & Neto, A. I., 2011. A re-evaluation of Scinaia (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in the Azores. Helgoland Marine Research, 65 (2): 111-121, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-010-0207-2.
  67. León-Cisneros, K., Tittley, I., Terra, M. R., Nogueira, E. M., Neto, A. I., 2012 The marine algal (seaweed) flora of the Azores: 4, further additions. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 29: 25-32, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1438.
  68. Machín-Sánchez M, Rousseau F, Le Gall L, Cassano V, Neto AI, Sentíes A, Fujii MT & Gil-Rodríguez MC Machín‐Sánchez, M., Rousseau, F., Le Gall, L., Cassano, V., Neto, A. I., Sentíes, A., Fujii MT & Gil‐Rodríguez, M. C., 2016. Species diversity of the genus Osmundea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in the Macaronesian region. Journal of phycology, 52(4): 664-681.
  69. Machín-Sánchez, M., Gil-Rodríguez, M. C. & Haroun, R., 2018. Phylogeography of the red algal Laurencia complex in the Macaronesia region and nearby coastal areas: recent advances and future perspectives. Diversity, 10(1): 10.
  70. Machín-Sánchez, M., Le Gall, L., Neto, A. I., Rousseau, F., Cassano, V., Sentíes, A., Fujii, M. T., Díaz-Larrea, J., Prud’homme van Reine, W. F., Bonillo, C. & Gil-Rodríguez, M. C., 2014. A combined barcode and morphological approach to the systematics and biogeography of Laurencia pyramidalis and Laurenciella marilzae (Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology, 49(1): 115-127, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2014.893017.
  71. Martins, G. M., Thompson, R. C., Hawkins, S. J., Neto, A. I., & Jenkins, S. R., 2008. Rocky intertidal community structure in oceanic islands: scales of spatial variation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 356: 15-24, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07247.
  72. Martins, G. M., Amaral, A. F., Wallenstein, F. M., & Neto, A. I., 2009. Influence of a breakwater on nearby rocky intertidal community structure. Marine Environmental Research, 67: 237-245, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.03.002.
  73. Martins, G. M., Thompson, R. C., Neto, A. I., Hawkins, S. J., & Jenkins, S. R., 2010. Exploitation of intertidal grazers as a driver of community divergence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47: 1282-1289, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01876.x.
  74. Martins, G. M., Jenkins, S. R., Hawkins, S. J., Neto, A. I., Medeiros, A. R. & Thompson, R. C., 2011. Illegal harvesting affects the success of fishing closure areas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK, 91 (4): 929-937, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315410001189.
  75. Martins, G. M., Patarra, R. F., Alvaro, N. V., Prestes, A. C. & Neto, A. I., 2013. Effects of coastal orientation and depth on the distribution of subtidal benthic assemblages. Marine Ecology- an Evolutionary Prespective, 34: 289-297, https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12014/abstract.
  76. Martins, G. M., Prestes, A. L., & Neto, A. I., 2013. Effects of density versus size on grazing by a key exploited herbivore. Vie et Milieu– Life and Environment, 63: 35-40, http://www.obs-banyuls.fr/Viemilieu/index.php/volume-63-2013/63-issue-1/631-article-4.html.
  77. Martins, G. M., Faria, J., Furtado, M. & Neto, A. I., 2014. Shells of Patella aspera as ‘islands’ for epibionts. Journal of of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 94(5): 1027-1032, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315414000447
  78. Martins, G. M., Hipólito, C., Parreira, F., Prestes, A. C., Dionísio, M. A., Azevedo, J. M. & Neto, A. I., 2016. Differences in the structure and functioning of two communities: Frondose and turf-forming macroalgal dominated habitats. Marine environmental Research, 116: 71-77.
  79. Martins, G. M., Jenkins, S. R., Ramírez, R., Tuya, F., Neto, A. I. & Arenas, F., 2014. Early patterns of recovery from disturbance in intertidal algal assemblages: consistency across regions within a marine province. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 517: 131-142, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11051.
  80. Martins, G. M., Jenkins, S., Neto, A., Hawkins, S., & Thompson, R., 2016. Long-term modifications of coastal defences enhance marine biodiversity, Environmental Conservation, 43(2):109-116, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892915000284.
  81. Martins, G. M., Neto, A. I. & Cacabelos, E., 2016. Ecology of a key ecosystem engineer on hard coastal infrastructure and natural rocky shores. Marine Environmental Research, 113: 88-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.11.013.
  82. Martins, G. M., Arenas, F., Tuya, F., Ramírez, R., Neto, A. I., & Jenkins, S. R., 2018. Successional convergence in experimentally disturbed intertidal communities. Oecologia, 186(2): 507-516.
  83. Martins, G. M., Cacabelos, E., Faria, J., Álvaro, N. M., Prestes, A. C. L., & Neto, A. I., 2019a. Patterns of distribution of the invasive alga Asparagopsis armata Harvey: a multi-scaled approach. Aquatic Invasions 14(4): 582–593, https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2019.14.4.02.
  84. Martins, G. M., Harley, C. D., Faria, J., Vale, M., Hawkins, S. J., Neto, A. I. & Arenas, F., 2019b. Direct and indirect effects of climate change squeeze the local distribution of a habitat-forming seaweed. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 626: 43-52.
  85. Micael, J., Parente, M. I., & Costa, A. C., 2014. Tracking macroalgae introductions in North Atlantic oceanic islands. Helgoland Marine Research, 68(2): 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-014-0382-7
  86. Moalic, Y., Arnaud-Haond, S., Perrin, C., Pearson, G. A., & Serrao, E. A., 2011. Travelling in time with networks: Revealing present day hybridization versus ancestral polymorphism between two species of brown algae, Fucus vesiculosus and F. spiralis. BMC evolutionary biology, 11(1), 1-13.
  87. Morton, B. & Britton, J. C., 2000. Origins of the Azorean intertidal biota: the significance of introduced species, survivors of chance events. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, Suppl, 2(A): 22-51.
  88. Morton, B., Britton, J. C., Martins, A. M. F., 1998. Coastal Ecology of the Azores. Sociedade Afonso Chaves, Ponta Delgada. 249pp.
  89. Neto, A. I., 1989. Algas marinhas do litoral da Ilha Graciosa. Graciosa/88 – Relatório Preliminar. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia, 17: 67-72, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/850.
  90. Neto, A. I., 1990. Estudo da vegetação macrofitobentónica da costa de São Roque, Ilha de São Miguel, Açores. Atas do 1º Encontro Nacional de Macroalgas Marinhas, pp: 73-90, LNETI, Lisboa, Portugal.
  91. Neto, A. I. & Azevedo, J. M. N., 1990. Contribuição para o estudo dos padrões de zonação litoral da Ilha das Flores. FLORES/89 – Relatório Preliminar. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia, 18: 89-102, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/860
  92. Neto, A. I. & Baldwin, H. P., 1990. Contribuição para o estudo dos padrões de zonação litoral da Ilha das Flores. FLORES/89 – Relatório Preliminar. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia, 18: 89-102, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/860.
  93. Neto, A. I., Baldwin, H. P., Fralick, R. A & Hehre, E. J., 1991. Algas marinhas do Litoral da Ilha de Santa Maria. Santa Maria e Formigas/90 – Relatório Preliminar. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia, 19: 33-42, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/883.
  94. Neto, A. I., 1992. Contribution to the taxonomy and ecology of the Azorean benthic marine algae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 46: 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1992.tb00858.x.
  95. Neto, A. I., 1994. Checklist of the benthic marine algae of the Azores. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 12A: 15-34, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1171.
  96. Neto, A. I., & Tittley, I., 1995. Structure and zonation of algal turf communities on the Azores: a numerical approach. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, Sup. 4: 487-504, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1771.
  97. Neto, A. I., 1997. Studies on algal communities of São Miguel, Azores. x+309pp. Tese de Doutoramento em Biologia, especialidade de Biologia Marinha. Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada.
  98. Neto, A. I., 2000a. Ecology and dynamics of two intertidal algal communities on the littoral of the Island of São Miguel (Azores). Hydrobiologia, 432: 135-147, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004042808901.
  99. Neto, A. I., 2000b. Observations on the biology and ecology of selected macroalgae from the littoral of Sao Miguel (Azores). Botanica Marina, 43(5), 483-498, https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2000.049.
  100. Neto, A. I., 2001. Macroalgal species diversity and biomass of subtidal communities of São Miguel (Azores). Helgoland Marine Research, 55: 101-111, https://doi.org/10.1007/s101520100074.
  101. Neto, A. I., Terra, M. R. & Haroun, R. J., 2002. New foliose and gelatinous red macroalgae (Rhodophycota) from the Azores: morphological and geographical observations. Aquatic Botany, 72: 1-11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3770(01)00173-5.
  102. Neto, A. I., Tittley, I. & Raposeiro, P., 2005. Flora Marinha do Litoral dos Açores [Rocky Shore Marine Flora of the Azores]. 156pp., Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar, Açores, ISBN 972 99884 0 4, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1677
  103. Neto, A. I., Viera, M. A. & Haroun, R., 2014. A synthetic overview of marine phycological studies in the Macaronesian Archipelagos. Silva Lusitana, 22: 217-244.
  104. Neto, A. I., Parente, M. I., Botelho, A. Z., Prestes, A. C. L., Resendes, R., Afonso, C. L.P., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Neto, R. M. A., Tittley, I., Moreu, I., 2020a. Marine algal flora of Graciosa Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e57201. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57201.
  105. Neto, A. I., Parente, M. I., Cacabelos, E., Costa, A. C., Botelho, A. Z., Ballesteros, E., Monteiro, S., Resendes, R., Afonso, P., Afonso, C. L.P., Patarra, R. F., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Neto, R. M. A., Azevedo, J. M. N., Moreu, I., 2020d. Marine algal flora of Santa Maria Island, Azores. v1.1. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=santa_maria_macroalgal_flora&v=1.1
  106. Neto, A. I., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Moreu, I., 2020e. Marine algal (seaweed) flora of Faial Island, Azores. Sampling event dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/jnkr5k
  107. Neto, A. I., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Moreu, I., 2020f. Marine algal (seaweed) flora of Terceira Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e57462. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57462
  108. Neto, A. I., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Tittley, I., Moreu, I., 2020b. Marine algal flora of Pico Island, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e57461. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57461
  109. Neto, A. I., Prestes, A. C. L., Azevedo, J. M. N., Resendes, R., Álvaro, N. V., Neto, R. M. A. & Moreu, I., 2020c. Marine algal flora of Formigas Islets, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e57510, https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e57510.
  110. Neto, A. I., Prestes, A. C. L., Resendes, R., Neto, R. M. A., Moreu, I., 2020g. Marine algal (seaweed) flora of São Jorge Island, Azores. Sampling event dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/93phf6.
  111. Neto, A. I., Parente, M. I., Tittley, I., Fletcher, R. L., Farnham, W. F., Costa, A. C., Botelho, A. Z., Monteiro, S., Resendes, R., Afonso, P., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Neto, R. M. A., Azevedo, J. M. N., Moreu, I., 2021b. Marine algal flora of Flores and Corvo Islands, Azores. Biodiversity Data Journal 9: e60929. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e60929.
  112. Neto, A. I., Moreu, I., Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., León-Cisneros, K., Cacabelos, E., Botelho, A. Z., Micael, J., Costa, A. C., Neto, R. M. A., Azevedo, J. M. N., Monteiro, S., Resendes, R., Afonso, P., Prestes, A. C. L., Patarra, R. F., Álvaro, N. V., Milla-Figueras, D., Ballesteros, E. Fletcher R L, Farnham W F, Fletcher, R. L., Farnham, W. F., Tittley, I. & Parente, M. I., 2021a, Marine algal flora of São Miguel Island, Azores. v1.3. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent, http://ipt.gbif.pt /ipt/resource?r=sao_miguel_macroalgal_flora&v=1.0.
  113. Paiva, L., Patarra, R. F., Lima, E., Neto, A. I. & Baptista, J., 2012. Antioxidant activity of macroalgae from the Azores. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 29: 1-6, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1435.
  114. Paiva, L., Lima, E., Neto, A. I. & Baptista, J., 2014a. Determination of ubiquinone Q10 (coenzyme Q10) in edible Azorean macroalgae. Planta Medica 80(16): 1392-1393, P1N14. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1394604.
  115. Paiva, L., Lima, E., Neto, A. I. & Baptista, J., 2014b. Edible Azorean macroalgae as source of rich nutrients with impact on human health. Food Chemistry, 164: 128–135, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.04.119.
  116. Paiva, L., Lima, E., Neto, A. I. & Baptista, J., 2015. Screening for angiotensin I‑converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of enzymatic hydrolysates obtained from Azorean macroalgae. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 32:11-17.
  117. Paiva, L., Lima, E., Neto, A. I. & Baptista, J., 2017. Nutritional and functional bioactivity value of selected Azorean macroalgae: Ulva compressa, U. rigida, Gelidium microdon and Pterocladiella capillacea. Journal of Food Science, 82(7): 1757-1764, https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.13778.
  118. Palminha, F., 1957. Sobre a existência de Lithophyllum tortuosum (Esper) Foslie [=Tenarea tortuosa (Esper) Me.Lemoine] nos Açores. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Naturais, 2ª série, 22 (7): 61-67.
  119. Parente, M. I., 2010. List of marine macroalgae (Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae). pp: 275-286. In: Borges PAV, Costa AC, Cunha R, Gabriel R, Gonçalves V, Frias Martins A, Melo AI, Parente MI, Raposeiro P, Rodrigues P, Serrão Santos R, Silva L, Vieira P & Vieira V (Eds), Description of the Terrestrial and marine biodiversity of the Azores. A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Cascais, Lisboa, Princípia Editora, ISBN 978-989-8131-75-1.
  120. Parente, M. I. & Neto, A. I., 2000. New records of benthic marine red algae (Rhodophyta) from the Azores. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, Supplement 2 (Part A): 53-61, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/826.
  121. Parente, M. I., Fletcher, R. L. & Neto, A. I., 2000. New records of brown algae (Phaeophyta) from the Azores. Hydrobiologia, 440 (1): 153-157, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004110909122.
  122. Parente, M. I., Neto, A. I. & Fletcher, R. L., 2003a. Morphology and life history studies of Endarachne binghamiae (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from the Azores. Aquatic Botany, 76: 109-116, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3770(03)00033-0.
  123. Parente, M. I., Neto, A. I. & Fletcher, R. L., 2003b. Morphology and life history studies of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from the Azores. Journal of Phycology, 39: 353-359, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.02032.x.
  124. Parente, M. I., Fletcher, R. L., Neto, A. I., Tittley, I., Sousa, A. F., Draisma, S., & Gabriel, D., 2010. Life history and morphological studies of Punctaria tenuissima (Chordariaceae, Phaeophyceae), a new record for the Azores. Botanica Marina, 53 (3): 223-231, https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2010.030.
  125. Parente, M. I., Gabriel, D., Micael, J., Botelho, A. Z., Ballesteros, E., Milla, D., dos Santos, R. & Costa, A. C., 2018. First report of the invasive macroalga Acrothamnion preissii (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) in the Atlantic Ocean. Botanica Marina 61(1): 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2017-0060
  126. & Costa, A. C., 2019. First report of the invasive macroalga Acrothamnion preissii (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) in the Atlantic Ocean. Botanica Marina 61(1): 85-90. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2017-0060
  127. Ralfsia-like (Ralfsiales, Phaeophyceae) taxa in the North Atlantic Ocean based on molecular and morphological data, with descriptions of Pseudoralfsiaceae fam. nov., Pseudoralfsia azorica gen. et sp. nov. and Nuchella vesicularis gen. et sp. nov. European Journal of Phycology. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2020.1753245.
  128. Patarra, R. F., Paiva, L., Neto, A. I., Lima, E. & Baptista, J., 2011. Nutritional value of selected macroalgae. Journal of Applied Phycology, 23 (2): 205-208, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-010-9556-0.
  129. Patarra, R. F., Leite, J., Pereira, R. Baptista, J. & Neto, A.I., 2013. Fatty acid composition of selected macrophytes. Natural Product Research: Formerly Natural Product Lettes, 27(7): 665-669, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2012.688048.
  130. Patarra, R. F., Buschmann, A. H., Abreu, M. H. & Neto, A.I., 2014. Cultivo de macroalgas nos Açores… Oportunidades e Desafios. Boletim de Biotecnologia, Sociedade Portuguesa de Biotecnologia, Série 2 (5): 16-18, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/3124.
  131. Patarra, R. F., Carreiro, A. S., Lloveras, A. A., Abreu, M. H., Buschmann, A. H. & Neto, A.I., 2017. Effects of light, temperature and stocking density on Halopteris scoparia growth. Journal of Applied Phycology, 29: 405-411.
  132. Patarra, R.F., Lloveras, A.A., Carreiro, A.S., Abreu, M.H., Buschmann, A.H. & Neto, A.I., 2019. Short term effects of irradiance on the growth of Pterocladiella capillacea (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Arquipelago. Life and Marine Sciences 36: 85-94.
  133. Patarra, R.F., Iha, C., Pereira, L. & Neto, A.I., 2020. Concise review of biological data on Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G. Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand. Journal of Applied Phycology, 32:787–808, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-019-02009-y.
  134. Paulino, B., De Girolamo, M., Bandarra, N., Nunes, C., Rodeia, J. & Isidro, E., 2017. Growth performance and feed utilization of Haliotis tuberculata coccinea (Reeve) juveniles from the Azores (north-eastern Atlantic Ocean): An assay of three mono algae diets. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 29(3-4), 256-265.
  135. Pereira, L., 2015. Seaweed Flora of the European North Atlantic and Mediterranean, pp. 65-178. In: Kim SK. (eds) Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-53971-8_6
  136. Piccone, A., 1989. Alghe della Crociera del ‘Corsaro? Alle Azzorre. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano 21 (2): 171-214.
  137. Prestes, A. C. L., Cacabelos, E., Neto, A. I. & Martins, G.M., 2017. Temporal stability in macroalgal assemblage standing stock despite high species turnover. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 567: 249-256 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12039.
  138. Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., 1982. A taxonomic revision of the European Sphacelariaceae (Sphacelariales, Phaeophyceae). Leiden Botanical Series 6: [i-x], 1-293, 660 figs, XXI tables, 6 pls.
  139. Pryor, J., 1967. Intertidal marine algae of São Jorge. Chelsea College Azores Expedition, 1965. Final Report. London: 17-30.
  140. Rebelo, A. C., Rasser, M. W., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Neto, A. I. & Ávila, S. P., 2014. Rhodolith forming coralline algae in the Upper Miocene of Santa Maria Island (Azores, NE Atlantic): a critical evaluation. Phytotaxa, 190(1): 370-382. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.190.1.22.
  141. Rebelo, A. C., Johnson, M. E., Quartau, R., Rasser, M. W., Melo, A. C., Madeira, P., Neto, A. I., Tempera, F. & Ávila, S. P., 2018. Modern rhodoliths from the insular shelf of Pico in the Azores (northeast Atlantic Ocean). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 210: 7-17; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2018.05.029.
  142. Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Couto, R. P. & Neto, A. I., 2009. New additions to the Azorean algal flora, with ecological observations on rhodolith formations. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 50: 143-151, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1029.
  143. Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Afonso-Carrillo, J. & Neto, A. I., 2011a. Taxonomic biodiversity of geniculate coralline red algae (Corallinales; Rhodophyta) from the Macaronesia region: summary and analysis. Helgoland Marine Research, 65 (2): 133-153, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-010-0209-0
  144. Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R. & Neto, A. I, 2011b. Segregating characters used within Amphiroa (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) and taxonomic reevaluation of the genus in the Azores. Journal of Applied Phycology, 23 (3): 475-488, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-010-9606-7.
  145. Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R., Hernández-Carmona, G. & Neto, A. I., 2013. Development of conceptacles in Amphiroa (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Acta Botanica Brasilica, 27(4): 698-708, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/2996.
  146. Sampaio, A.S., 1904. Memória Sobre a Ilha Terceira. Imprensa Municipal Angra do Heroísmo. xii+877pp.
  147. Sangil, C., Martins, G. M., Hernández, J. C., Alves, F., Neto, A. I., Ribeiro, C., León-Cisneros, K., Canning-, J., Rosas-Alquicira, E. F., Mendoza, J. C., Titley, I., Wallenstein, F., Couto, R.P. & Kaufmann, M., 2018. Shallow subtidal macroalgae in the North-eastern Atlantic archipelagos (Macaronesian region): a spatial approach to community structure. European Journal of Phycology, 53 (1): 83-98, https://doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2017.1385098.
  148. Santiañez, W. J. E., Lee, K. M., Uwai, S., Kurihara, A., Geraldino, P. J. L., Ganzon-Fortes, E. T., Boo, S. M. & Kogame, K., 2018. Untangling nets: elucidating the diversity and phylogeny of the clathrate brown algal genus Hydroclathrus, with the description of a new genus Tronoella (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia, 57(1): 61-78.
  149. Santos R., Ferreira A., Micael J., Gil-Rodríguez, M. C., Machín, M., Costa, A. C., Gabriel, D., Costa, F.O. & Parente, M. I., 2015. Genetic characterization of the red algae Asparagopsis armata and Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonneimaisoniaceae) from the Azores. Genome 58.
  150. Santos, R. S, Pascoal, A., Dando, P., Cardigos, F., Tempera, F., Oliveira, P. Silvestre, C. & Cardew, M., 2001. Remote sensing at D. João de Castro Bank: tools for biology and conservation studies, pp. 5. In Proceedings of the 5th Underwater Science Symposium, Society for Underwater Technology (SUT), Southampton, United Kingdom.
  151. Schmidt, O. C., 1929a. Beitrage zur Kenntnnis der Meeresalgen der Azoren I. Hedwigia 69: 95-113.
  152. Schmidt, O. C., 1929b. Beitrage zur Kenntnnis der Meeresalgen der Azoren II. Hedwigia 69: 165-172.
  153. Schmidt, O. C., 1931. Die marine vegetation der Azoren in ihren Grundzügen dargestellt. Bibliotheca Botanica, 24(102): ix+116p., 10 Tafl.
  154. Seubert, M., 1844. Flora azorica quam ex collectionibus schedisque Hochstetteri patris et filii elaboravit et tabulis XV propria manu aeri incisis. pp. i-vi, 1-50, pls I-XV, Adolphum Marcum. Bonna.
  155. Silva, M., Vieira, L. M., Almeida, A. P., Silva, A., Seca, A. M., Barreto, M. D. C., Neto, A. I., Pedro, M. Pinto, E. & Kijjoa, A., 2013. Chemical study and biological activity evaluation of two azorean macroalgae: Ulva rigida and Gelidium microdon. Oceanography, 1(A): 1-7, https://doi.org/102. 10.4172/2332-2632.100010
  156. South, G. R., & Tittley, I., 1986. Checklist and distributional index of the benthic marine algae of the North Atlantic Ocean. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, 76 pp.
  157. Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 1994. "Expedition Azores 1989". Benthic marine algae (seaweeds) recorded from Faial and Pico. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 12A: 1-13, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1172.
  158. Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 1995. The marine algal flora of the Azores and its biogeographical affinities. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, Sup. 4: 747-766, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1771.
  159. Tittley, I., Neto, A. I. & Farnham, W. F., 1998. Marine algae of the island of Flores, Azores: Ecology and floristics. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, Sup. 5: 463-479, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1688.
  160. Tittley, I., Neto, A. I., Farnham, W. F. & Parente, M. I., 2001. Additions to the marine algal (seaweed) flora of the Azores. Botanica Marina, 44: 215-220, https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2001.028.
  161. Tittley, I. & Neto, A. I., 2005. The Marine Algal (Seaweed) Flora of the Azores: additions and amendments. Botanica Marina, 48: 248-255, https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2005.030.
  162. Tittley, I., Neto, A. I., 2006. The marine algal flora of the Azores: Island isolation or Atlantic stepping stones? Occasional papers of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 9: 40-54.
  163. Tittley, I., Neto, A. I., & Parente, M. I., 2009. The Marine Algal (Seaweed) Flora of the Azores: additions and amendments 3. Botanica Marina, 52: 7-14, https://doi.org/10.1515/BOT.2009.024.
  164. Torres, P., Lopes, C., Dionísio, M. A., & Costa, A. C., 2010. Espécies exóticas invasoras marinhas da ilha de Santa Maria, Açores. XIV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Santa Maria 2009. Relatórios e Comunicações do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade dos Açores, 36: 103-11
  165. Toste, M. F., Parente, M. I., Neto, A. I., & Fletcher, R. L., 2003a. Life history and phenology of Hydroclathrus clathratus (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) in the Azores. Cryptogamie Algologie, 24(3): 209-218.
  166. Toste, M. F., Parente, M. I., Neto, A. I., & Fletcher, R. L., 2003b. Life history of Colpomenia sinuosa (Syctosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) in the Azores. Journal of phycology, 39(6), 1268-1274.
  167. Trelease. W., 1897. Botanical observations on the Azores. 8th Annual Report of the Michigan Botanical Garden: 77-220.
  168. Tronholm, A., Steen, F., Tyberghein, L., Leliaert, F., Verbruggen, H., Ribera, A., Siguan, M. & De Clerck, O., 2010. Species delimitation, taxonomy, and biogeography of Dictyota in Europe (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of phycology, 46(6): 1301-1321.
  169. Vaz-Pinto, F. Torrontegi, O., Prestes, A. C. L., Álvaro, N. V., Neto, A. I. & Martins, G. M., 2014. Invasion success and development of benthic assemblages: effect of timing, duration of submersion and substrate type. Marine Environmental Research, 94: 72-79, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2013.12.007.
  170. Vieira, C., Henriques, F., D’hondt, S., Neto, A.I., Almada, C.H., Kauffman, M., Sansón, M., Sangil, C. & De Clerck, O., 2020. Lobophora (Dictyotales) species richness, ecology and biogeography across the North-eastern Atlantic archipelagos and description of two new species. Journal of Phycology, 56 (2): 346–357, https://doi.org/10.1111/JPY.12956.
  171. Wallenstein, F. M. & Neto, A. I., 2006 Intertidal rocky shore biotopes of the Azores: a quantitative approach. Helgoland Marine Research, 60 (3): 196-206, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-006-0035-6.
  172. Wallenstein, F. M., Neto, A. I., Alvaro, N. V. & Santos, C. I., 2008a. Algae based biotopes of the Azores (Portugal): spatial and seasonal variation. Aquatic Ecology, 42: 547-559, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10452-007-9134-y.
  173. Wallenstein, F. F., Neto, A. I., Alvaro, N. V. & Tittley, I., 2008b. Subtidal Rocky Shore Communities of the Azores: Developing a Biotope Survey Method. Journal of Coastal Research, 24 (1A): 244-249, https://doi.org/10.2112/05-0590.1.
  174. Wallenstein, F. M., Couto, R. P., Amaral, A. S., Wilkinson, M., Neto, A. I. & Rodrigues, A. S., 2009a. Baseline metal concentrations in marine algae from São Miguel (Azores) under different ecological conditions – urban proximity and shallow water hydrothermal activity. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58: 438-443, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.11.021.
  175. Wallenstein, F. M., Neto, A. I., Álvaro, N. V., Tittley, I., Azevedo, J. M. N., 2009d. Guia para Definição de Biótopos Costeiros em Ilhas Oceânicas [Coastal Biotope Definition Manual for Oceanic Islands], Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar, ISBN 978-972-99884-9-3, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/1687.
  176. Wallenstein, F. M., Terra, M. R., Pombo, J. & Neto, A. I., 2009b. Macroalgal turfs in the Azores. Marine Ecology-An Evolutionary Perspective, 30 (Suppl. 1): 113-117, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.2009.00311.x.
  177. Wallenstein, F. M., Torrao, D. F., Neto, A. I., Wilkinson, M. & Rodrigues, A. S., 2009c. Effect of exposure time on the bioaccumulation of Cd, Mg, Mn and Zn in Cystoseira abies-marina samples subject to shallow water hydrothermal activity in São Miguel (Azores). Marine Ecology-An Evolutionary Perspective, 30 (Suppl. 1): 118-122, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.2009.00322.x.
  178. Wallenstein, F. M., Peres, S. D., Xavier, E. D., & Neto, A. I., 2010. Phytobenthic communities of intertidal rock pools in the eastern islands of Azores and their relation to position on shore and pool morphology. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences, 27: 9-20, http://hdl.handle.net/10400.3/666
  179. Wallenstein, F. M., Couto, R. P., Torrao, D. F., Neto, A. I., Rodrigues, A. S. & Wilkinson, M., 2013a. Intertidal rocky shore seaweed communities subject to the influence of shallow water hydrothermal activity in São Miguel (Azores, Portugal). Helgoland Marine Research, 63: 535-543, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-012-0341-0.
  180. Wallenstein, F. M., Neto, A. I., Patarra, R. F., Prestes, A. C. L., Alvaro, N. V., Rodrigues, A. S. & Wilkinson, M., 2013b. Indices to monitor coastal ecological quality of rocky shores based on seaweed communities: simplification for wide geographical use. Journal of Integrated Coastal Zone Management [Revista da Gestão Costeira Integrada], 13(1):15-25, http://dx.doi.org/10.5894/rgci365.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=chkl_azores_macroalgae