Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

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Spiders from Macaronesia_Azores

Последняя версия опубликована Universidade dos Açores Oct 7, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of two recent research projects (ISLANDBIODIV and MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in ten 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Azorean Islands of Pico (6 plots) and Terceira (10 plots) to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Azores, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Pico and Terceira. This dataset presents data generated from spider samples collected in 16 forest plots on the Azorean islands of Pico and Terceira. Of the 40 species collected, 16 were introduced, 13 endemic, seven native (five of them Macaronesian endemics) and four undescribed species. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, two of the introduced species were recorded in Pico for the first time.

Записи данных

Данные этого sampling event ресурса были опубликованы в виде Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), который является стандартным форматом для обмена данными о биоразнообразии в виде набора из одной или нескольких таблиц. Основная таблица данных содержит 423 записей. Также в наличии 1 таблиц с данными расширений. Записи расширений содержат дополнительную информацию об основной записи. Число записей в каждой таблице данных расширения показано ниже.

  • Event (core)
    423
  • Occurrence 
    1639

Данный экземпляр IPT архивирует данные и таким образом служит хранилищем (репозиторием) данных. Данные и метаданные ресурсов доступны для скачивания в разделе Загрузки. Перечень версий служит для отображения истории публикации версий данного ресурса.

Загрузки

Скачайте последнюю версию данных этого ресурса в формате Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) или метаданных ресурса в форматах EML или RTF:

Данные в формате DwC-A Скачать 423 Записи в English (82 KB) - Частота обновления: unknown
Метаданные в формате EML Скачать в English (22 KB)
Метаданные в формате RTF Скачать в English (15 KB)

Версии

В таблице ниже указаны только опубликованные версии ресурса, которые доступны для свободного скачивания.

Как оформить ссылку

Исследователи должны дать ссылку на эту работу следующим образом:

Malumbres-Olarte J, Cardoso P, Crespo L C, Gabriel R, Pereira F, Carvalho R, Rego C, Nunes R, Ferreira M T, R. Amorim I, C. Emerson B, Rigal F, Borges P A V (2018): Spiders from Macaronesia_Azores. v1.0. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Metadata. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=azorean_spiders&v=1.0

Права

Исследователи должны соблюдать следующие права:

Публикующей организацией и владельцем прав на данную работу является Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Регистрация в GBIF

Этот ресурс был зарегистрирован в GBIF, ему был присвоен следующий UUID: 6aa5ac09-2b55-4078-bd2d-ec94fb91850a.  Universidade dos Açores отвечает за публикацию этого ресурса, и зарегистрирован в GBIF как издатель данных при оподдержке GBIF Portugal.

Ключевые слова

Sampling event; Arthropoda; Araneae; Azores; Terceira; Pico; native forest; exotic species; standardised sampling; Samplingevent

Контакты

Кто является создателем ресурса:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Postdoctoral researcher
University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) Helsinki, Finland 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Pedro Cardoso
Curator / Adjunct Professor
University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Luís Carlos Crespo
PhD student
University of Barcelona Av. Diagonal 645, E-08028, Barcelona, Spain E-08028 Barcelona ES
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Fernando Pereira
Technician
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Rui Carvalho
PhD Student
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Carla Rego
PhD student
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Rui Nunes
PhD student
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Maria Teresa Ferreira
PhD student
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT
Isabel R. Amorim
Post-doc fellow
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT
Brent C. Emerson
IPNA-CSIC C/Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez 3 38206 La Laguna Tenerife ES
François Rigal
Post-doctoral fellow
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT
Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Auxiliary Professor
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Кто может ответить на вопросы о ресурсе:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Кем заполнены метаданные:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Географический охват

Pico and Terceira Islands, the Azores, Macaronesia, Portugal

Ограничивающие координаты Юг Запад [36.457, -30.85], Север Восток [41.344, -24.478]

Таксономический охват

Rank: order; Scientific Name: Araneae: Common Name: Spiders

Order  Anareae (Spiders)

Временной охват

Дата начала / Дата окончания 2012-06-01 / 2016-09-26

Данные проекта

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of two recent research projects (ISLANDBIODIV and MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in ten 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Azorean Islands of Pico (6 plots) and Terceira (10 plots) to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Azores, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Pico and Terceira. This dataset presents data generated from spider samples collected in 16 forest plots on the Azorean islands of Pico and Terceira. Of the 41 species collected, 17 were introduced, 5 Macaronesian, 2 native, 13 endemic and 4 were undescribed species of unknown distribution. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, two of the introduced species were recorded in Pico for the first time.

Название Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesian native forests: The Azores.
Описание района исследования Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
Описание плана выполнения исследований At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres- Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018b). The COBRA protocol for temperate forest spiders consists of: 4 night aerial samples (1 hour/ sample), 2 day sweeping samples and 2 night sweeping samples (1 hour/ sample), 2 day beating samples and 2 night beating samples (1 hour/ sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps/ sample). For the island sampling additional samples were added to also cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018b): 2 diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour/ sample) and 2 diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground, and under stones (GWS) (1 hour/ sample). The ABS method consists in collecting mostly beetles, but also spiders, found under bark and lichen using a small hoe to remove them when needed. The GWS method is similar to the aerial method but directed towards beetles and spiders found below knee-level, including species hidden below stones, inside hollow trunks or in dead wood.

Исполнители проекта:

Content Provider
Paulo Vieira Borges

Методы сбора

At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres- Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018b). The COBRA protocol for temperate forest spiders consists of: 4 night aerial samples (1 hour/ sample), 2 day sweeping samples and 2 night sweeping samples (1 hour/ sample), 2 day beating samples and 2 night beating samples (1 hour/ sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps/ sample). For the island sampling additional samples were added to also cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018b): 2 diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour/ sample) and 2 diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground, and under stones (GWS) (1 hour/ sample). The ABS method consists in collecting mostly beetles, but also spiders, found under bark and lichen using a small hoe to remove them when needed. The GWS method is similar to the aerial method but directed towards beetles and spiders found below knee-level, including species hidden below stones, inside hollow trunks or in dead wood.

Охват исследования On each of the Azorean islands of Pico and Terceira, we established respectively six and ten 50 m x 50 m plots along a 20 km long transect. In Pico, each plot is located at increasing distances from the first plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km. All plots were located in native forest dominated by Juniperus brevifolia, Laurus azorica and Ilex perado subsp. azorica trees (see Borges et al. 2018C for more details).

Описание этапа методики:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table (events) contains 121 records and one data table extension also exists (occurrence), with 1639 records. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Данные коллекции

Название коллекции DTP
Идентификатор коллекции DTP
Методы сохранения образцов No treatment

Дополнительные метаданные

Альтернативные идентификаторы 6aa5ac09-2b55-4078-bd2d-ec94fb91850a
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_macaronesia_azores