Diversity of Spiders from Azorean Trails

Dernière version Publié par Universidade dos Açores le Jan 7, 2021 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent doctoral project, which aimed to assess several components of the ecological impacts of recreational tourism on spiders. We focused on the Azorean forests, due to being home to several endemic species and its high interest in conservation. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twenty-three 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Terceira and São Miguel Islands to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna in the recreational trails of native forests of the Azores. Of the 45 species collected, were 13 endemic (9689 specimens), 10 native non-endemic (2048 specimens), and 22 introduced (698 specimens).

Enregistrements de données

Les données de cette ressource données d'échantillonnage ont été publiées sous forme d'une Archive Darwin Core (Darwin Core Archive ou DwC-A), le format standard pour partager des données de biodiversité en tant qu'ensemble d'un ou plusieurs tableurs de données. Le tableur de données du cœur de standard (core) contient 206 enregistrements. 1 tableurs de données d'extension existent également. Un enregistrement d'extension fournit des informations supplémentaires sur un enregistrement du cœur de standard (core). Le nombre d'enregistrements dans chaque tableur de données d'extension est illustré ci-dessous.

  • Event (noyau)
    206
  • Occurrence 
    1290

Cet IPT archive les données et sert donc de dépôt de données. Les données et métadonnées des ressources sont disponibles au téléchargement dans la section téléchargements. Le tableau des versions liste les autres versions de chaque ressource rendues disponibles de façon publique et permet de tracer les modifications apportées à la ressource au fil du temps.

Téléchargements

Téléchargez la dernière version de la ressource en tant qu'Archive Darwin Core (DwC-A), ou les métadonnées de la ressource au format EML ou RTF :

Données sous forme de fichier DwC-A (zip) télécharger 206 enregistrements dans Anglais (62 KB) - Fréquence de mise à jour: inconnue
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier EML télécharger dans Anglais (18 KB)
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier RTF télécharger dans Anglais (14 KB)

Versions

Le tableau ci-dessous n'affiche que les versions publiées de la ressource accessibles publiquement.

Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

Carvalho R, Cardoso P, Borges P (2021): Diversity of Spiders from Azorean Trails. v1.5. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_of_azorean_trails&v=1.5

Droits

Les chercheurs doivent respecter la déclaration de droits suivante:

L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : 76e75816-b0dc-4460-9de2-294f3e05ad83.  Universidade dos Açores publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du GBIF Portugal.

Mots-clé

Occurrence; Arthropoda; Araneae; Azores; native forest COBRA standardized sampling; nature trails; recreation ecology; Samplingevent

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT
Pedro Cardoso
Assistant Professor
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki FI
https://researchportal.helsinki.fi/en/persons/pedro-miguel-cardoso
Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT

Autres personnes associées à la ressource:

Publicateur
Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

Couverture géographique

Terceira and S. Miguel islands, Azores, Macaronesia, Portugal

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [37.579, -27.466], Nord Est [39.045, -25.049]

Couverture taxonomique

All Araneae were identified at species level

Order  Araneae (Spiders)

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 2012-07-13 / 2017-10-17

Données sur le projet

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent doctoral project, which aimed to assess several components of the ecological impacts of recreational tourism on spiders. We focused on the Azorean forests, due to being home to several endemic species and its high interest in conservation. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twenty-three 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Terceira and São Miguel Islands to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna in the recreational trails of native forests of the Azores. Of the 45 species collected, were 13 endemic (9689 specimens), 10 native non-endemic (2048 specimens), and 22 introduced (698 specimens).

Titre Spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Azorean trails
Identifiant AZORESBIOPORTAL
Financement This research was supported by the DRCT scholarship M3.1.a/F/135/2015, from the Azores Government, and by FEDER in 85% and by Azorean Public funds by 15% through Operational Program Azores 2020, under the project AZORESBIOPORTAL –PORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072)
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) and São Miguel Island (area: 744.6 km²; elevation: 1,103 m) are two of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council
Description du design At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2019, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2020). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018).

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Fournisseur de Contenu
Rui Carvalho
Chercheur Principal
Paulo Borges
Auteur
Pedro Cardoso

Méthodes d'échantillonnage

The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2019, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2020)

Etendue de l'étude We selected twenty-three 50x50m sampling sites in native forest patches along the studied trails, at increasing distances from the trail head: 0m, 50m and 250m. Another sampling site was added along the trail in the area with the most pristine surrounding forest (Max). Finally, two control sites were placed inside the forest, at 50m and approximately 250m from the closest trail point. Therefore, whenever there were the conditions for it, the trails had six sampling sites. The design allowed to understand whether there were ecological differences at different distances from the trail head.
Contrôle qualité Sampling was performed with the standardized COBRA protocol, and all species were identified by a taxonomist

Description des étapes de la méthode:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 194 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 1290 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Données de collection

Nom de la collection Entomoteca Dalberto Teixeira Pombo (DTP)
Identifiant de collection DTP
Méthode de conservation des spécimens Alcohol

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Borges, P.A.V., Cardoso, P., Kreft, H., Whittaker, R.J., Fattorini, S., Emerson, B.C., Gil, A., Gillespie, R.G., Matthews, T.J., Santos, A.M.C., Steinbauer, M.J., Thébaud, C., Ah-Peng, C., Amorim, I.R., Aranda, S.C., Arroz, A.M., Azevedo, J.M., Boieiro, M., Borda-De-Água, L., Carvalho, J.C., Elias, R.B., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Florencio, M., González-Mancebo, J.M., Heaney, L.R., Hortal, J., Kueffer, C., Lequette, B., Martín-Esquivel, J.L., López, H., Lamelas-López, L., Marcelino, J., Nunes, R., Oromí, P., Patiño, J., Pérez, A.J., Rego, C., Ribeiro, S.P., Rigal, F., Rodrigues, P., Rominger, A.J., Santos-Reis, M., Schaefer, H., Sérgio, C., Serrano, A.R.M., Sim-Sim, M., Stephenson, P.J., Soares, A.O., Strasberg, D., Vanderporten, A., Vieira, V. & Gabriel, R. (2018). A Global Island Monitoring Scheme (GIMS) for the long-term coordinated survey and monitoring of forest biota across islands. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27: 2567–2586. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1553-7
  2. Cardoso, P. (2009). Standardization and optimization of arthropod inventories – the case of Iberian spiders. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18:3949-3962 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9690-7
  3. Emerson, B.C., Casquet, J., López, H., Cardoso, P., Borges, P.A.V., Mollaret, N., Oromí, P., Strasberg, D. & Thébaud, C. (2017). A combined field survey and molecular identification protocol for comparing forest arthropod biodiversity across spatial scales. Molecular Ecology Resources, 17: 694-707. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12617
  4. Malumbres-Olarte, J., Cardoso, P., Crespo, L., Gabriel, R., Pereira, F., Carvalho, R., Rego, C., Nunes, R., Ferreira, M.T., Amorim, I.R., Rigal, F. & Borges, P.A.V. (2019). Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia I: The native forests of the Azores (Pico and Terceira islands). Biodiversity Data Journal, 7: e32625. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e32625
  5. Malumbres-Olarte, J., Boieiro, M., Cardoso, P., Carvalho, R., Crespo, L.C., Gabriel, R., Hernández, N.M., Paulo, O.S., Pereira, F., Rego, C., Ros-Prieto, A., Silva, I., Vieira, A., Rigal, F. & Borges, P.A.V. (2020). Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: The native forests and dry habitats of Madeira archipelago (Madeira and Porto Santo islands). Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e47502 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e47502
  6. Gaspar, C., Gaston, K.J., Borges, P.A.V. & Cardoso, P. (2011). Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago. Journal of Insect Conservation, 15: 671–684. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9365-4

Métadonnées additionnelles

Identifiants alternatifs 76e75816-b0dc-4460-9de2-294f3e05ad83
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_of_azorean_trails