Diversity of Spiders from Azorean Trails

最新バージョン Universidade dos Açores によって公開 Jan 7, 2021 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent doctoral project, which aimed to assess several components of the ecological impacts of recreational tourism on spiders. We focused on the Azorean forests, due to being home to several endemic species and its high interest in conservation. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twenty-three 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Terceira and São Miguel Islands to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna in the recreational trails of native forests of the Azores. Of the 45 species collected, were 13 endemic (9689 specimens), 10 native non-endemic (2048 specimens), and 22 introduced (698 specimens).

データ レコード

この sampling event リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、206 レコードが含まれています。 拡張データ テーブルは1 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

  • Event (コア)
    206
  • Occurrence 
    1290

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 206 レコード English で (62 KB) - 更新頻度: unknown
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (18 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (14 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Carvalho R, Cardoso P, Borges P (2021): Diversity of Spiders from Azorean Trails. v1.5. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_of_azorean_trails&v=1.5

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Universidade dos Açores。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 76e75816-b0dc-4460-9de2-294f3e05ad83が割り当てられています。   GBIF Portugal によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているUniversidade dos Açores が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Occurrence; Arthropoda; Araneae; Azores; native forest COBRA standardized sampling; nature trails; recreation ecology; Samplingevent

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT
Pedro Cardoso
Assistant Professor
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki FI
https://researchportal.helsinki.fi/en/persons/pedro-miguel-cardoso
Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

メタデータを記載した人:

Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT

他に、リソースに関連付けられていた人:

データ公開者
Paulo Borges
Aggregate Professor
Universidade dos Açores; ce3c - Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra Do Heroismo Azores PT +351968933212
http://gba.uac.pt/member/paulo-a-v-borges

地理的範囲

Terceira and S. Miguel islands, Azores, Macaronesia, Portugal

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [37.579, -27.466], 北 東 [39.045, -25.049]

生物分類学的範囲

All Araneae were identified at species level

Order  Araneae (Spiders)

時間的範囲

開始日 / 終了日 2012-07-13 / 2017-10-17

プロジェクトデータ

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent doctoral project, which aimed to assess several components of the ecological impacts of recreational tourism on spiders. We focused on the Azorean forests, due to being home to several endemic species and its high interest in conservation. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twenty-three 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Terceira and São Miguel Islands to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna in the recreational trails of native forests of the Azores. Of the 45 species collected, were 13 endemic (9689 specimens), 10 native non-endemic (2048 specimens), and 22 introduced (698 specimens).

タイトル Spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Azorean trails
識別子 AZORESBIOPORTAL
ファンデイング This research was supported by the DRCT scholarship M3.1.a/F/135/2015, from the Azores Government, and by FEDER in 85% and by Azorean Public funds by 15% through Operational Program Azores 2020, under the project AZORESBIOPORTAL –PORBIOTA (ACORES-01-0145-FEDER-000072)
Study Area Description Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) and São Miguel Island (area: 744.6 km²; elevation: 1,103 m) are two of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council
研究の意図、目的、背景など(デザイン) At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2019, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2020). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018).

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

データ提供者
Rui Carvalho
研究代表者
Paulo Borges
論文著者
Pedro Cardoso

収集方法

The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2019, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2020)

Study Extent We selected twenty-three 50x50m sampling sites in native forest patches along the studied trails, at increasing distances from the trail head: 0m, 50m and 250m. Another sampling site was added along the trail in the area with the most pristine surrounding forest (Max). Finally, two control sites were placed inside the forest, at 50m and approximately 250m from the closest trail point. Therefore, whenever there were the conditions for it, the trails had six sampling sites. The design allowed to understand whether there were ecological differences at different distances from the trail head.
Quality Control Sampling was performed with the standardized COBRA protocol, and all species were identified by a taxonomist

Method step description:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 194 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 1290 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

コレクションデータ

コレクション名 Entomoteca Dalberto Teixeira Pombo (DTP)
コレクション識別子 DTP
標本保存方法 Alcohol

書誌情報の引用

  1. Borges, P.A.V., Cardoso, P., Kreft, H., Whittaker, R.J., Fattorini, S., Emerson, B.C., Gil, A., Gillespie, R.G., Matthews, T.J., Santos, A.M.C., Steinbauer, M.J., Thébaud, C., Ah-Peng, C., Amorim, I.R., Aranda, S.C., Arroz, A.M., Azevedo, J.M., Boieiro, M., Borda-De-Água, L., Carvalho, J.C., Elias, R.B., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Florencio, M., González-Mancebo, J.M., Heaney, L.R., Hortal, J., Kueffer, C., Lequette, B., Martín-Esquivel, J.L., López, H., Lamelas-López, L., Marcelino, J., Nunes, R., Oromí, P., Patiño, J., Pérez, A.J., Rego, C., Ribeiro, S.P., Rigal, F., Rodrigues, P., Rominger, A.J., Santos-Reis, M., Schaefer, H., Sérgio, C., Serrano, A.R.M., Sim-Sim, M., Stephenson, P.J., Soares, A.O., Strasberg, D., Vanderporten, A., Vieira, V. & Gabriel, R. (2018). A Global Island Monitoring Scheme (GIMS) for the long-term coordinated survey and monitoring of forest biota across islands. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27: 2567–2586. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1553-7
  2. Cardoso, P. (2009). Standardization and optimization of arthropod inventories – the case of Iberian spiders. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18:3949-3962 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9690-7
  3. Emerson, B.C., Casquet, J., López, H., Cardoso, P., Borges, P.A.V., Mollaret, N., Oromí, P., Strasberg, D. & Thébaud, C. (2017). A combined field survey and molecular identification protocol for comparing forest arthropod biodiversity across spatial scales. Molecular Ecology Resources, 17: 694-707. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12617
  4. Malumbres-Olarte, J., Cardoso, P., Crespo, L., Gabriel, R., Pereira, F., Carvalho, R., Rego, C., Nunes, R., Ferreira, M.T., Amorim, I.R., Rigal, F. & Borges, P.A.V. (2019). Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia I: The native forests of the Azores (Pico and Terceira islands). Biodiversity Data Journal, 7: e32625. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e32625
  5. Malumbres-Olarte, J., Boieiro, M., Cardoso, P., Carvalho, R., Crespo, L.C., Gabriel, R., Hernández, N.M., Paulo, O.S., Pereira, F., Rego, C., Ros-Prieto, A., Silva, I., Vieira, A., Rigal, F. & Borges, P.A.V. (2020). Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: The native forests and dry habitats of Madeira archipelago (Madeira and Porto Santo islands). Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e47502 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e47502
  6. Gaspar, C., Gaston, K.J., Borges, P.A.V. & Cardoso, P. (2011). Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago. Journal of Insect Conservation, 15: 671–684. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9365-4

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 76e75816-b0dc-4460-9de2-294f3e05ad83
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_of_azorean_trails