Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira

Última versión Publicado por Universidade dos Açores en Oct 15, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent research project (MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twelve 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Madeira Island, five dry plots in Madeira Island and five dry plots in Porto Santo Island to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Madeira archipelago, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Of the 87 species and 18 morphospecies (undescribed) collected, 34 were endemic, 26 native non-endemic, 22 introduced and 23 species of unknown origin. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, 21 species are new records for Madeira island and 32 new for Porto Santo (33 for the whole archipelago).

Registros

Los datos en este evento de muestreo recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 562 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Event (core)
    562
  • Occurrence 
    3281

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 562 registros en Inglés (143 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: desconocido
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (20 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (16 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Malumbres-Olarte J, Boieiro M, Cardoso P, Carvalho R, Carlos Crespo L, Gabriel R, Macías Hernández N, S. Paulo O, Pereira F, Rego C, Silva I, Rigal F, Ros-Prieto A, Borges P A (2019): Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira. v1.7. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira&v=1.7

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076.  Universidade dos Açores publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por GBIF Portugal.

Palabras Clave

Arthropoda; Araneae; Madeira; Porto Santo; native forest; dry habitat; exotic species; standardised sampling

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Mário Boieiro
Reseracher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Pedro Cardoso
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Luís Carlos Crespo
Researcher
University of Barcelona Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, University of Barcelona Barcelona ES
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Núria Macías Hernández
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Octávio S. Paulo
Researcher
University of Lisbon Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisboa P-1749-016 Lisboa Lisboa PT
Fernando Pereira
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Carla Rego
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Isamberto Silva
Researcher
Instituto das Florestas e da Conservação da Natureza Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050-251 Funchal Madeira PT
François Rigal
Researcher
CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour UMR 5254, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex Pau FR
Alejandra Ros-Prieto
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo
Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Usuario
Tainan Messina

Cobertura Geográfica

General spatial coverage: Madeira and Porto Santo, Macaronesia, Portugal

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-90, -180], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [90, 180]

Cobertura Taxonómica

No hay descripción disponible

Reino  Animalia

No hay descripción disponible

Class  Arachnida

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: Madeira.
Fuentes de Financiación This research was supported by the project FCT MACDIV financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – ref. FCT-PTDC/BIABIC/0054/2014, that also supported the Open Access of the manuscript.
Descripción del Área de Estudio Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
Descripción del Diseño At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Paul Borges

Métodos de Muestreo

We applied two versions of the optimised and standardised COBRA protocol (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) (Cardoso 2009), the one for temperate forests and the one for open habitats, to forest and dry habitat plots, respectively. The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Área de Estudio We established twenty-two 50 m x 50 m plots grouped according to habitat and between-plot distances. Twelve plots were located in areas covered with laurisilva, and grouped in two sets of six. Within each set, plots were placed at increasing distances from a first, reference plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km (Fig. 1). The remaining 10 plots were located in areas of open dry habitat, five on Madeira island and five on Porto Santo, also at increasing distances (0.1, 1, 5 and 10 km). This design allowed to test distance decay patterns on beta diversity in a log scale for the MACDIV project.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 562 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 3281 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Datos de la Colección

Nombre de la Colección DTP
Identificador de la Colección DTP
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Alcohol

Metadatos Adicionales

Identificadores Alternativos 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira