Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira

最新版本 由 Universidade dos Açores 發佈於 Oct 15, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent research project (MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twelve 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Madeira Island, five dry plots in Madeira Island and five dry plots in Porto Santo Island to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Madeira archipelago, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Of the 87 species and 18 morphospecies (undescribed) collected, 34 were endemic, 26 native non-endemic, 22 introduced and 23 species of unknown origin. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, 21 species are new records for Madeira island and 32 new for Porto Santo (33 for the whole archipelago).

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 562 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (核心)
    562
  • Occurrence 
    3281

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 562 紀錄 在 English 中 (143 KB) - Update frequency: 有可能更新,但不確知何時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (20 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (16 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Malumbres-Olarte J, Boieiro M, Cardoso P, Carvalho R, Carlos Crespo L, Gabriel R, Macías Hernández N, S. Paulo O, Pereira F, Rego C, Silva I, Rigal F, Ros-Prieto A, Borges P A (2019): Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira. v1.7. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira&v=1.7

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076。  Universidade dos Açores 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF Portugal同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Arthropoda; Araneae; Madeira; Porto Santo; native forest; dry habitat; exotic species; standardised sampling

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Mário Boieiro
Reseracher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Pedro Cardoso
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Luís Carlos Crespo
Researcher
University of Barcelona Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, University of Barcelona Barcelona ES
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Núria Macías Hernández
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Octávio S. Paulo
Researcher
University of Lisbon Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisboa P-1749-016 Lisboa Lisboa PT
Fernando Pereira
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Carla Rego
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Isamberto Silva
Researcher
Instituto das Florestas e da Conservação da Natureza Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050-251 Funchal Madeira PT
François Rigal
Researcher
CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour UMR 5254, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex Pau FR
Alejandra Ros-Prieto
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo
Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

元數據填寫者:

Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

與此資源的相關者:

使用者
Tainan Messina

地理涵蓋範圍

General spatial coverage: Madeira and Porto Santo, Macaronesia, Portugal

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-90, -180], 緯度北界 經度東界 [90, 180]

分類群涵蓋範圍

無相關描述

Kingdom  Animalia

無相關描述

Class  Arachnida

計畫資料

無相關描述

計畫名稱 Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: Madeira.
經費來源 This research was supported by the project FCT MACDIV financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – ref. FCT-PTDC/BIABIC/0054/2014, that also supported the Open Access of the manuscript.
研究區域描述 Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
研究設計描述 At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

The personnel involved in the project:

Paul Borges

取樣方法

We applied two versions of the optimised and standardised COBRA protocol (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) (Cardoso 2009), the one for temperate forests and the one for open habitats, to forest and dry habitat plots, respectively. The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

研究範圍 We established twenty-two 50 m x 50 m plots grouped according to habitat and between-plot distances. Twelve plots were located in areas covered with laurisilva, and grouped in two sets of six. Within each set, plots were placed at increasing distances from a first, reference plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km (Fig. 1). The remaining 10 plots were located in areas of open dry habitat, five on Madeira island and five on Porto Santo, also at increasing distances (0.1, 1, 5 and 10 km). This design allowed to test distance decay patterns on beta diversity in a log scale for the MACDIV project.

方法步驟描述:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 562 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 3281 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

收藏資料

蒐藏名稱 DTP
蒐藏編號 DTP
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol

額外的元數據

替代的識別碼 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira