Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

spiders_madeira

Latest version published by Universidade dos Açores on Aug 7, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent research project (MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twelve 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Madeira Island, five dry plots in Madeira Island and five dry plots in Porto Santo Island to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Madeira archipelago, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Of the 87 species and 18 morphospecies (undescribed) collected, 34 were endemic, 26 native non-endemic, 22 introduced and 23 species of unknown origin. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, 21 species are new records for Madeira island and 32 new for Porto Santo (33 for the whole archipelago).

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 382 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    382
  • Occurrence 
    3282

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 382 records in English (155 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (16 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (14 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

Samplingevent

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Mário Boieiro
Reseracher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Pedro Cardoso
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Luís Carlos Crespo
Researcher
University of Barcelona
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Núria Macías Hernández
Researcher
University of Finland Helsinki
Octávio S. Paulo
Researcher
University of Lisbon
Fernando Pereira
Researcher
University of Azores
Carla Rego
Researcher
University of Azores
Isamebreto Silva
Researcher
Instituto das Florestas e da Conservação da Natureza University of Lisbon
François Rigal
Researcher
CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour
Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
University of Azores

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Who filled in the metadata:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Tainan Messina

Geographic Coverage

General spatial coverage: Madeira and Porto Santo, Macaronesia, Portugal

Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Kingdom  Animalia

No Description available

Class  Arachnida

Project Data

No Description available

Title Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: Madeira.
Study Area Description Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
Design Description At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

The personnel involved in the project:

Paulo Alexandre Vieira Borges

Sampling Methods

We applied two versions of the optimised and standardised COBRA protocol (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) (Cardoso 2009), the one for temperate forests and the one for open habitats, to forest and dry habitat plots, respectively. The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Study Extent We established twenty-two 50 m x 50 m plots grouped according to habitat and between-plot distances. Twelve plots were located in areas covered with laurisilva, and grouped in two sets of six. Within each set, plots were placed at increasing distances from a first, reference plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km (Fig. 1). The remaining 10 plots were located in areas of open dry habitat, five on Madeira island and five on Porto Santo, also at increasing distances (0.1, 1, 5 and 10 km). This design allowed to test distance decay patterns on beta diversity in a log scale for the MACDIV project.

Method step description:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table (events) contains 383 records and one data table extension also exists (occurrence), with 3282 records. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Collection Data

Collection Name DTP
Collection Identifier DTP
Specimen preservation methods No treatment

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira