Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira

Dernière version Publié par Universidade dos Açores le Oct 15, 2019 Universidade dos Açores

The data presented here comes from samples collected as part of one recent research project (MACDIV), which aimed to understand the drivers of community assembly in Macaronesian islands. We applied the sampling protocol COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment, Cardoso 2009) in twelve 50 m x 50 m native forest plots in the Madeira Island, five dry plots in Madeira Island and five dry plots in Porto Santo Island to assess the diversity of spiders species. Through this publication we contribute to the knowledge of the arachnofauna of the Madeira archipelago, and more specifically, to that of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Of the 87 species and 18 morphospecies (undescribed) collected, 34 were endemic, 26 native non-endemic, 22 introduced and 23 species of unknown origin. Although most of the species had been previously recorded on both islands, 21 species are new records for Madeira island and 32 new for Porto Santo (33 for the whole archipelago).

Enregistrements de données

Les données de cette ressource données d'échantillonnage ont été publiées sous forme d'une Archive Darwin Core (Darwin Core Archive ou DwC-A), le format standard pour partager des données de biodiversité en tant qu'ensemble d'un ou plusieurs tableurs de données. Le tableur de données du cœur de standard (core) contient 562 enregistrements. 1 tableurs de données d'extension existent également. Un enregistrement d'extension fournit des informations supplémentaires sur un enregistrement du cœur de standard (core). Le nombre d'enregistrements dans chaque tableur de données d'extension est illustré ci-dessous.

  • Event (noyau)
    562
  • Occurrence 
    3281

Cet IPT archive les données et sert donc de dépôt de données. Les données et métadonnées des ressources sont disponibles au téléchargement dans la section téléchargements. Le tableau des versions liste les autres versions de chaque ressource rendues disponibles de façon publique et permet de tracer les modifications apportées à la ressource au fil du temps.

Téléchargements

Téléchargez la dernière version de la ressource en tant qu'Archive Darwin Core (DwC-A), ou les métadonnées de la ressource au format EML ou RTF :

Données sous forme de fichier DwC-A (zip) télécharger 562 enregistrements dans Anglais (143 KB) - Fréquence de mise à jour: inconnue
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier EML télécharger dans Anglais (20 KB)
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier RTF télécharger dans Anglais (16 KB)

Versions

Le tableau ci-dessous n'affiche que les versions publiées de la ressource accessibles publiquement.

Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

Malumbres-Olarte J, Boieiro M, Cardoso P, Carvalho R, Carlos Crespo L, Gabriel R, Macías Hernández N, S. Paulo O, Pereira F, Rego C, Silva I, Rigal F, Ros-Prieto A, Borges P A (2019): Spiders from Macaronesia_Madeira. v1.7. Universidade dos Açores. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira&v=1.7

Droits

Les chercheurs doivent respecter la déclaration de droits suivante:

L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est Universidade dos Açores. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076.  Universidade dos Açores publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du GBIF Portugal.

Mots-clé

Arthropoda; Araneae; Madeira; Porto Santo; native forest; dry habitat; exotic species; standardised sampling

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Mário Boieiro
Reseracher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Pedro Cardoso
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Rui Carvalho
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Luís Carlos Crespo
Researcher
University of Barcelona Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, University of Barcelona Barcelona ES
Rosalina Gabriel
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200
Núria Macías Hernández
Researcher
Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki P.O.Box 17 (Pohjoinen Rautatiekatu 13) 00014 Helsinki Helsinki FI
Octávio S. Paulo
Researcher
University of Lisbon Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisboa P-1749-016 Lisboa Lisboa PT
Fernando Pereira
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Carla Rego
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT
Isamberto Silva
Researcher
Instituto das Florestas e da Conservação da Natureza Quinta do Bom Sucesso, Caminho do Meio 9050-251 Funchal Madeira PT
François Rigal
Researcher
CNRS-Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour UMR 5254, BP 1155, 64013 Pau Cedex Pau FR
Alejandra Ros-Prieto
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo
Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
University of Azores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-042 Angra do Heroísmo Ilha Terceira PT +351295402200

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

Paulo A.V. Borges
Researcher
Universidade dos Açores Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze 9700-124 Angra do Heroísmo Azores PT

Autres personnes associées à la ressource:

Utilisateur
Tainan Messina

Couverture géographique

General spatial coverage: Madeira and Porto Santo, Macaronesia, Portugal

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [-90, -180], Nord Est [90, 180]

Couverture taxonomique

Pas de description disponible

Kingdom  Animalia

Pas de description disponible

Class  Arachnida

Données sur le projet

Pas de description disponible

Titre Standardised inventories of spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Macaronesia II: Madeira.
Financement This research was supported by the project FCT MACDIV financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – ref. FCT-PTDC/BIABIC/0054/2014, that also supported the Open Access of the manuscript.
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche Terceira Island (area: 400.6 km²; elevation: 1,021.14 m) is one of the nine islands from the Azores archipelago, located in the North Atlantic, roughly at 38°43′49″N 27°19′10″W. The climate in the Azores is temperate oceanic, with regular and abundant rainfall, with high levels of relative humidity and persistent winds, mainly during the winter and autumn seasons. Terceira Island is known for the presence of some very important pristine areas at high elevation (Gaspar et al. 2011). However, few natural areas still remain at lower elevations, notably in Praia da Vitória’s council.
Description du design At all plots we applied the optimised and standardised COBRA (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) sampling protocol for temperate forests (Cardoso 2009). Different variants of the COBRA protocol for spiders have already been applied in oceanic islands (Emerson et al. 2017) and tropical forests (Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2016, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017). Although originally developed and optimised for mainland habitats, COBRA has been recently proposed to be the standard protocol for inventorying and monitoring island forest ecosystems (Borges et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Paul Borges

Méthodes d'échantillonnage

We applied two versions of the optimised and standardised COBRA protocol (Conservation Oriented Biodiversity Rapid Assessment) (Cardoso 2009), the one for temperate forests and the one for open habitats, to forest and dry habitat plots, respectively. The COBRA protocols have been proposed as part of standard inventorying and monitoring programs on island and continental ecosystems, and have already been used for a number of studies on spiders and beetles (Cardoso 2009, Borges et al. 2018, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2017, Malumbres-Olarte et al. 2018). The forest COBRA protocol consisted of: four night aerial samples (1 hour / sample), two day sweeping samples and two night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample), two day beating samples and two night beating samples (1 hour / sample) and 12 pitfall samples (4 traps / sample). In addition, we collected the following samples to cover beetle diversity (Borges et al. 2018): two diurnal active aerial searching under bark, lichens and bryophytes (ABS) (1 hour / sample) and two diurnal active aerial searching in decaying trunks, dead wood on the ground and under stones (GWS) (1 hour / sample). The protocol for dry open areas was composed of: four night ground samples (1 hour / sample) and four day sweeping samples and four night sweeping samples (1 hour / sample). Sampling occurred in August 2016 (forest habitat plots of Madeira) and April 2017 (dry habitat plots of Madeira and Porto Santo).

Etendue de l'étude We established twenty-two 50 m x 50 m plots grouped according to habitat and between-plot distances. Twelve plots were located in areas covered with laurisilva, and grouped in two sets of six. Within each set, plots were placed at increasing distances from a first, reference plot: 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 km (Fig. 1). The remaining 10 plots were located in areas of open dry habitat, five on Madeira island and five on Porto Santo, also at increasing distances (0.1, 1, 5 and 10 km). This design allowed to test distance decay patterns on beta diversity in a log scale for the MACDIV project.

Description des étapes de la méthode:

  1. The data has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardised format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 562 records (eventID). One extension data table also exists with 3281 occurrences. The extension supplies extra information about the core record.

Données de collection

Nom de la collection DTP
Identifiant de collection DTP
Méthode de conservation des spécimens Alcohol

Métadonnées additionnelles

Identifiants alternatifs 2a15f6bf-c850-4a52-84cf-d127224be076
http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource?r=spiders_madeira